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I NTRODUCTION

TO PROJECT MANAGEMENT

WHAT IS MANAGEMENT?

Planning- deciding what is to be done Organizing- making arrangements Staffing- selecting the right people for the job Directing- giving instructions Monitoring- checking on progress Controlling- taking action to remedy hold-ups Innovating- coming up with new solutions Representing- liaising with users, etc.

WHAT IS PROJECT MANAGEMENT?

is the art of maximizing the probability that a project delivers its goals on Time, to Budget and at the required Quality. application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities to meet project requirements also defined as a strategic competency

P ROJECT M ANAGEMENT
planning, monitoring and control of the

people, process and events that occur as software develops from a preliminary concept to an operational implementation.

P ROJECT V S . P RODUCT

an activity with specific goals which takes place over a finite period of time. Project : Set of processes (SDLC) Product: End of Project (software) Projects exist to bring about a product or service that hasnt existed before . Projects have definitive start dates and definitive end dates. A project is successful when it meets or exceeds the expectations of the stakeholders.

C HARACTERISTICS OF
PROJECT
Projects are unique. Projects are temporary in nature and have a definite beginning and ending date. Projects are completed when the project goals are achieved. A successful project is one that meets or exceeds the expectations of your stakeholders.

C ONTD ..
Temporary Unique, Product Service or Result Aims/Tasks/Purpose Limited Time Scale Progressive, Elaboration

PROJECT MANAGEMENT SPECTRUM

P ROJECT M ANAGEMENT S PECTRUM


The People The Product The Process The Project

T HE P EOPLE
who participate in the software process

Senior Managers Project (Technical) Managers Practitioners (deliver the technical skills) Customers End users Issues

Structure of the Development Team Communication and coordination between team members.

S TRUCTURE OF THE D EVELOPMENT T EAM


De C C

cratic ece tralize tr lle ece tralize

tr lle ce tralize

D EMOCRATIC
DECENTRALIZED

er a e t lea er Differe t c r i at rs f r iffere t tas s f r s rt rati c riz icate irectl a tal a er t e sel es i a e a r ject is f a

ca e l t is str ct re s rt rati

C ONTROLLED
DECENTRALIZED

ll s a ierarc ical str ct re t at c tai s r sa s r s er a e t lea er acti ities r le s are a a es t e ai le el

a a e at t e r

ca e l t is str ct re e t e r ject is e ecte t s a er a l eri , s c as a ear r re

C ONTROLLED
CENTRALIZED

as a tea lea er a les t -le el r le s l i a i ter al tea c r i ati iss es C a er e l t is f r s all r jects size f te r less e ers it a ca tea icati ta e lace i ertical

C OMMUNICATION AND
COORDINATION

r le s- ar e size f r jects, U certai t , I ter era ilit l ti


si terpersonal approac

For al a

Infor al and interpersonal approac Interpersonal Networking approac

F ORMAL AND
INTERPERSONAL APPROACH

stat s re ie i s ecti s

eeti

s, esi

fre e tl s it re s esti s f r i r r ct

rts c tai i i t e s ft are

e c a e f f r al c e ts, eli era les, ilest es, sc e les, c e ts c a e re ests, relate r ject is er lar e a tea are i el s rea acr ss a e area e ra ers ical

I NFORMAL AND
INTERPERSONAL APPROACH

r eeti s are r a ize f r i f r al isc ssi s, r le s s l i a re ire e t s ecificati s t isc ss a res l e t e r le s e c ri t e e el e t f t e s ft are. Sessi s tere

Brai st r i

I NTERPERSONAL N ETWORKING APPROACH


i f r al isc ssi s are c tea e ers a e le irectl t r it r t e r ct ei e el e ress e .

cte t i

it l e

f t e s ft are s lta ts

s c as etc.

ers f t er tea s, C

T HE P RODUCT

It is the Software Solution final deliverable of a software project based on the client needs. Product Details include

Context : integration, constraints Information objectives : required O/P Functions : to convert I/P to O/P Performance : Speed, Storage, Accuracy etc.

Decomposition Helps to develop cost and effort estimates

T HE P ROCESS

Set f acti ities t c I l es r cesses li e

ert r ject i t

ct.

al sis esi I le e tati ai te a ce

T HE P ROCESS
T e r cess i t e ec f ll i tas s :

se i t t e est. it t e c st er.

St rra

i i

t e c st a f r al a r i

ers re eeti

Pre ari e el Re ie i a i

sal c e ts . e t

a s ecificati re are ificati c s, if a

T HE P ROJECT
T e fi al ste i r ject a a e e t is t f r alize t e r ject a c r i ate r cesses a e le ct. t e el t e s ft are r

T HE P ROJECT
T e ai r le s t at ca lea t t e fail re f a s ft are r ject are :

P P P P

rl rl r sc

efi e re ras f re

ire e ts ire e ts t e e el er

e efi iti e a a e e t

rc a

realistic ea li es s ille tea e ers

T HE P ROJECT
T a

i t ese r eas res : et tar ets ai tai e el

le s,

ca ta e f ll

e t ace s a al sis

a e effecti e ecisi C ct st rte