ARIZONA WEAPONCRAFT SOLUTIONS

Intro to Defensive Pistol

This is an Example
y Of the type of training we offer. This presentation is only the y

y y y

first of three in our Intro to Defensive Pistol class. Once the classroom work is done, we move to the range for live fire training. We offer a comprehensive variety of real world defensive firearms training programs geared to civilians, police, the military and security contractors. Handgun, Shotgun, AR and Kalashnikov rifle training. Arizona Concealed Weapons Carry Permit Visit our website at:

www.azwcsl.com
and stay safe.

INTRODUCTION

Arizona Weaponcraft Solutions owner and Senior Instructor Johnnie Mock is a Vietnam combat veteran of the 101st Airborne Division with over 30 years of professional small arms instruction experience. During his 20 year Army career, he spent 8 years assigned to specialized Army Marksmanship Training Units teaching thousands of military and police personnel in combat weaponcraft. He was a firing member of the US Army Pistol Team 8 years at the National Matches at Camp Perry Ohio, and holds the coveted Army Gold Distinguished Pistol Shot award. As a sniper instructor in Korea he helped reestablish the 2nd Infantry Division Sniper School. As an NRA Certified Instructor he is certified to teach NRA Rifle, Pistol, Home Firearms Safety and Personal Protection in the Home. He has trained in classes run by Masaad Ayoob and John Shaw. He recently spent 2 years as a security supervisor and Site Trainer at the US Embassy in Kabul Afghanistan where his last assignment was the requalification of the entire embassy 500+ man guard force in Glock Pistol, M-4 carbine, and M-249 Squad Automatic Weapon.

WELCOME!
y 1. Schedule y 2. Facilities y 3. Breaks y 4. Cell phones/Pagers y 5. Questions?

Course Objectives
y y y y y y y y y y y

Introduction to the basic concepts of defensive handgun. Defensive mindset. Safety: on and off range. Defensive handgun marksmanship fundamentals. Shooting positions. Ammunition selection. Presentation from the holster. Reloading techniques. Malfunction clearance. Practical application of shooting drills. Sources for continued training.

SAFETY
OUR FIRST CONSIDERATION

.45 Caliber Shoes

.45 Caliber Feet

Four Rules of Firearms Safety
1. Treat all firearms as if they were loaded. 2. Do not let your muzzle cover anything you are not willing to kill or destroy. 3. Keep your finger off the trigger until you make a conscious decision to fire. 4. Be sure of your target and what is behind it.

Range Safety
1.Take ALL commands from the instructor 2. ANYBODY can call a Cease Fire 3. Keep your pistol holstered, benched, in ready position or firing until commanded otherwise by the instructor. 4. Do not load until told to do so. 5. NEVER turn around with a pistol in your hand. Holster or bench first.

Range Safety
6.Never dangle a pistol in one hand,
7. Never shoot outside the designated firing fan. 8. If at ANY time you are unsure what you are doing or what is going on, STOP, finger OFF the trigger, muzzle downrange, non-firing hand in the air, and wait for the instructor. 9. Always maintain control of your weapon.

ARIZONA WEAPONCRAFT SOLUTIONS

Defensive Mindset

Combat Triad
Marksmanship

Mindset

Gunhandling

Mental Conditioning for Self Defense
y You have a legal and moral right to defend your

life. y You have an obligation to know the law in regards to the justification of the use of deadly force. y You may NOT initiate and attack. y Therefore you must REACT to an ongoing attack which puts you at a disadvantage.

Awareness!
Your most important tool!

Avoidance!
The desired result of awareness!

Color Codes of Mental Conditions White Yellow Orange Red

White
y Totally unaware of your surroundings. y Unprepared for any eventuality. y Predators look for people in this

mindset. y Tends to happen when you are tired or overly preoccupied. y The state of mind that pilots call Fat, Dumb, and Happy .

Yellow
y Relaxed but alert. y Aware of people and events around

you. y The typical state of the alert driver. y NOT a state of paranoia. y Learn to make this your normal mindset.

Orange
y Something causes alarm. y You are analyzing the problem with

the intent to avoid it or respond defensively.
y You are considering your immediate

choices: flight or fight.

Red
y You are under attack by one or more

assailants who intend to harm you.
y You should be implementing either

your fight or flight plan.

Practical Examples
White: You are in the local convenience
store to buy a carton of milk and you are next in line. You are talking on your cell phone to your daughter who has a problem. The next thing you realize, you are laying on the floor, your head is bleeding, and there is a man standing over you taking your wallet out of your pocket and pointing a gun at the cashier demanding money.

Yellow
You are in the local convenience store to buy a carton of milk and you are next in line. You are gazing around the store while talking to your daughter on your cell phone. You notice the two young men who entered behind you and that they are standing close to you. You adjust your position so that you can see them in your peripheral vision.

Orange
While standing in line at the local convenience store and talking to your daughter on your cell phone, you noticed the two young men that walked in right behind you. Something doesn t seem right . They are nervously talking in whispers and one of them has his hand in his jacket pocket. You start considering your options (flight or fight) in case an incident happens. You are noticing the location of cover, exit doors, and are considering how you would employ any personal defense items you have.

Red
You are in line at the local convenience store and have just ended a cell phone call to your daughter because the two young men behind you have been acting suspicious, talking in nervous, low whispers. You have made a plan of action in case something bad happens, and one of the young men pulls a gun out of his pocket and yells Everyone freeze, this is a holdup ! You immediately implement the plan you had decided on.

Beyond Awareness
If you are involved in an incident, it is important to be aware of the physiological changes you can experience and how they can effect your survival. Our bodies are designed to survive tense situations. These reactions worked well when we were hunting mammoths and trying to avoid saber tooth tigers. On the modern scene, without training and an understanding of these reactions, they can get you killed

Dealing with Fear
Three Components Cognitive: Your 6th sense that something is wrong. Physiological: Adrenalin and bodily changes. Overt behavior: Your reaction to fear stimulus. You can overcome these with training and preparation

Physiological Changes
If you are suddenly attacked, you will experience the alarm response (startle response). This is the body s reaction to an unexpected stimulus such as a loud noise, quick movement near the head or a bright flash of light. It is hardwired into us.

Hypervigilance
y A heightened state of awareness accompanied by

exaggerated behaviors.
y Designed to detect threats. y Some individuals will freeze and scan for other

threats.
y This can be seen in video clips of the 1996

bombing at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta.

Stress Changes to the Body
y Sympathetic nervous system (SNS)
kicks in.
y It takes 3-7 seconds for the chemicals the glands

release (adrenaline, epinephrine, and endorphins) to move around the body by the blood stream causing as many as 144 psycho-physiological changes to set in.
y In some people, perhaps as many as 15%, these

changes will cause them to faint or freeze.

Physical Changes
y Heart rate and blood pressure spike. The heart is trying to infuse the brain and major muscles in preparation for fight or flight. y Adrenal Medulla pumps adrenaline into the blood stream causing an increase of blood sugar. y Liver breaks down glycogen into sugar for instant energy. y Spleen contracts and pumps white blood cells in anticipation of possible injury. y Sweating begins in order to cool the body for fight or flight. y Pupils dilate to take in more visual information.

Mental Changes
y When SNS kicks in creative thought is diminished y y

y y

making it impossible to construct a quick plan. Poor concentration in effect. Tachpschia (distortion of time) Things seem to sped up or slow down and difficult to tell how much time has passed. Fear will set it and possibly overwhelm individuals that are not prepared. Negative thoughts (I m going to die!!!!!!) will distract from taking proper course of action.

Threat arousal: Positive Effects
y Heart pumps blood to areas needed for survival y y y y y

(brain and major muscles) Body is psyched for combat You are stronger for short periods You become wide awake Endorphins reduce pain: Some people who have been shot or stabbed don t feel it for a time Blood coagulates faster to speed blood clotting of wounds

Threat arousal: Positive Effects
y Pupils dilate to take in as much information as

possible. y You body wants to live and will take appropriate action: Stronger in some people than others. y Increased blood sugar levels make you stronger and faster. y Sweating keeps your body cool for fight or flight.

Threat arousal: Negative Effects
y Excessive heart rate can effect fine and complex

motor skills. y Hypervigilance can cause you to freeze or become incapable of taking positive action: Can be overcome with training. y Tunnel vision will allow you to concentrate on the immediate threat, but may cause you to be unable to concentrate on multiple threats. It also affects depth perception. It makes it difficult to focus on things close.

Threat arousal: Negative Effects
y Auditory exclusion allows you to tune out sounds

y y y y

not connected to the immediate threat but may cause you to miss important sounds of additional threats or help. A loss of decision making and reasoning skills can cause irrational or impulsive behavior. Hand dexterity and coordination suffer. Dizziness or nausea can occur. Severe stress could cause a heart attack or stroke in some people.

What it takes to survive
y Threat recognition and quick

processing time.
(learning to function in Yellow and know when go through Orange to Red

y Correct response selection
(from prior mental and physical training) (What if s, dry firing , range time)

Plan Beforehand
y Know the area you're in. y Always look for and note where exits are in any building you are in. y Know if the establishment you are in has a emergency plan and if so what is your part. y Understand the difference between cover and concealment and be aware of what is available wherever you are located.

Immediate Stress Reduction
y If you are temporarily in the clear and have time,

Tactical Breathing can bring the effects of stress

y y y y

under control. 3x3x3 Breathe in the nose for three seconds. Hold for three seconds. Exhale through the mouth deeply for three seconds. Repeat three times. Can reduce the heart rate by 20 beats per minute and reduce tunnel vision to restore scanning ability.

Principles of Self Defense
y Alertness y Decisiveness y Aggressiveness y Speed y Coolness/precision with firearms y Ruthlessness y Surprise.

Alertness
y Be aware of all that is around you (360

degrees). y Pat attention to anything that looks out of place. y Trust your instinct. If something feels wrong, it probably is. y Keep your mental state to condition yellow.

Decisiveness
y Select a correct course of action. y Follow through with it without hesitation. y He who hesitates loses.

Aggressiveness
y You cannot initiate an attack,

but once attacked you need to respond aggressively.
y If attacked, your response

should not be fear, but anger. Fear can be turned into anger.

Speed
y Speed is absolutely essential in

any armed encounter. (HOWEVER, technique must be learned before speed!) y The perfect fight is over before the loser knows what is happening.

Coolness/Precision
y Controlled anger can be efficient. y If you KNOW you can keep your head,

and you know you MUST keep your head, then you WILL keep your head. y Ingrained marksmanship skill will allow precision when engaging an aggressor.

Ruthlessness
y Stop the attack NOW. y Your primary job is to stay alive. y You must remember that legally you must stop action once he is no longer a threat.

Surprise
y The first principle of offensive combat. y You have to react to his attack, so to gain

time, do the unexpected. y Do what he least expects: fight back aggressively and with overwhelming violence.

Preparation not Paranoia
y Learn to stay in Yellow. y Visually rehearse various situations. What ifs y Develop a personal protection plan for home and

away. y Devote time to practicing skills. y Determine to never give up!

Mental Preparation
y Just as important as marksmanship training. y Visualization is a crucial training technique. y Visualize various life threatening encounters, as

well as your response to them.

y Visualize entire scenario from realization of

threat through attempting to avoid, dealing with threat, greeting the police, and the aftermath.

Develop a Plan
y Individual Personal Protection Plan for

your lifestyle.
y Include steps to avoid a confrontation. y Strategy for escalating response.

Practice Visualization
y Scenarios you may encounter in or outside your

home. y Devise, and mentally rehearse plans to respond to them. y Develop What if scenarios: What if I came home and found my front door open and voices coming from inside?

Visualize the Target
y When live firing on the range, visualize your

target as a predatory criminal who is intent on harming you and your loved ones.
y This will help you mentally to be prepared to deal

with a live adversary instead of a lifeless paper target.

Practice the Plan
y Just like a home fire drill, practice your

contingency plan for a potential break in or assault in or outside your home. y Insure the whole family is included and understands what to do.

Continue Training
y After this course continue to train both mentally

and physically.
y Monthly practice of gunhandling and

marksmanship.
y You owe this to yourself, your family and your

community.

Control the Encounter
Mental training and preparation

+
Physical training in marksmanship and gun handling

=
The self confidence to control a life threatening encounter.

KNOW THE LAW!

Download
Legal Aspects Relating to the Use of Deadly Force Available at:

www.azdps.gov/ccw
y Instructor information on left menu. y Then Instructor resources y Instructor Manual and Legal Issues

ARIZONA WEAPONCRAFT SOLUTIONS

500 N. Estrella Pkwy. Suite B2-267 Goodyear, AZ 85338 www.azwcsl.com awsl@mindspring.com

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