Geographical Information System GIS

By: Yahia Dahash

store and output of geodatabase and descriptive data 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 2 . analyze.Definition ‡ GIS is a computer system which has the ability to use data functions that describe a location on the Earth¶s surface ‡ GIS is a system using and handling the geodatabase to get the same information but more beneficial and flexible ‡ GIS work is summarized by capture. display. query.

What are the questions that GIS can answer ‡ What is there at a specific location? (location name ± coordinate) ‡ What are the conditions in this location? (what is the distance ± where it exists) ‡ What has changed over time? (spatial ± time) ‡ What are the existing spatial patterns? What is the cause for extension of limited phenomenon? (drought ± salty) ‡ What are the decisions for problem solution in the location and what the effects on the neighborhood and environment 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 3 .

GIS composition People Hardware Data GIS Software Procedures 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 4 .

boundary 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 5 . water well ± city .exchange electricity center ± Lines: For example.lakes .water canales ± Polygon: For example.Components of geographic data ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Geometry: A location of geographic features on the earth¶s surface Attributes: Descriptive information about features Behavior: Special behavior for each features Capturing data ± ± ± ± Hardcopy maps Digital data Coordinates GPS ‡ Dealing with geodatabase ± Points: For example. region ± area . roads ± rivers .

GIS functions ‡ Display  Maps  Graphs  Reports ‡ Output     Paper map Internet Image Document ‡ Store  Vector formats: Discrete representations of reality  Raster formats: Use square cells to model reality ‡ ‡ Query  Identify specific features  Identify features based on conditions Analyze  Proximity  Overlay  Network 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 6 .

What is Arc GIS Desktop? ‡Arc GIS Desktop includes a suite of integrated applications: applications: Arc Map Arc Catalog Arc Toolbox ‡ Using these three applications together. including mapping. data management. simple to advanced. you can perform any GIS task. data editing. geographic analysis. and geoprocessing .

recording. ‡ It includes tools for browsing and finding geographic information. and defining the schema structure for your geographic data layers.Arc Catalog ‡ The Arc Catalog application helps you organize and manage all of your GIS data. quickly viewing any dataset. viewing. 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 8 . and managing metadata.

‡ It is the GIS application used for all map-based tasks including cartography. and other elements. ‡ Maps have a page layout containing a geographic window. ‡ In this application. North arrows. scale bars. you are work with maps. in which you can perform a broad range of advanced GIS tasks. a geographic data view and a layout view. called a data frame. ‡ Arc Map offers different ways to view a map. and editing. with a series of layers. map analysis. legends.Arc Map ‡ Arc Map is the central application in Arc GIS Desktop. 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 9 .

and Arc Toolbox are designed to work together to perform all GIS tasks.Arc Toolbox ‡ Arc Toolbox is a simple application containing many GIS tools used for geoprocessing. ± For example.  A version that comes with Arc View and Arc Editor. You can then edit and enhance your data through the tools available in the Arc Map editing environment. 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 10 . Arc Catalog. ± Once you have created new geographic information using these three applications. you can record metadata for the resulting datasets using Arc Catalog. ‡ There are two versions of Arc Toolbox:  The complete Arc Toolbox that comes with Arc Info. then double-click it to open it inside Arc Map. you can search for and find a map document in Arc Catalog. ‡ Note: Arc Map.

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What can I do to produce a digital map? 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 12 .

What is the information I want to present in a digital map? 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 13 .

How can we show 2004-data of 2004olive production in a digital map? 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 14 .

THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION 4/4/2006 Yahia Dahash 15 .

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