Remaking of Mumbai Federation

Mayank Gandhi

Critical issues Housing Infrastructure



50,000 families Pavement dwellers & migrants Nil – Housing buffer stock

Proposed Rental housing projects in MMR
§Self-contained - 160 sq.ft. (15 sqm) carpet §Plans all over the region to meet the demand Rental housing

Slums 1. people Low rise – High density housing No civic services Sub standard living . families 7.5 mn.5 mn.

Slums .SRA §Around 450 slum projects .250. §Aiming for a slum-free Mumbai by 2015.000 homes.Slum Redevelopment Authority .

Infrastructure…present condition §10-15 km average speed §Poor services §Crumbling infrastructure .

Major INFRASTRUCTURE projects proposed Metro Free ways/Sea links .

Major INFRASTRUCTURE projects proposed Suburban Monorail .

000 buildings Old & dilapidated Dangerous living conditions Poor infrastructure .Inner city chaos 5.000 families 2.00.5 mn. people Over 30.

Need for redevelopment…Mumbai over the years Pre -1940 Over 20.S.Major disaster PPP. Incentive F.000 buildings built on chawl style for clerks and workers in island city 1949 Bombay Rent control act Post 1950 Removed the incentive for landlords to repair and maintain their buildings High Demand for housing and increase in population and trade in island city 1969 Building repairs & reconstruction act 1976 MHADA act 1986 Amendments in MHADA act Tenant co-operative 70% consent for redevelopment.I to developers 1999 Reconstruction policy Human & property loss July 2005 Record rainfall . JV Sector redev October 2005 Concept plan submitted to Chief Minister by Lalit Gandhi 2007 State Housing Policy March 2009 Cluster Development policy .

Inner city infrastructure… Close to collapse .

Building Conditions… Dilapidated Dangerous .

Average living space .


2005 heavy rains resulted in collapse of 4 buildings and around 100 deaths §This has triggered the formation of a citizen centric NGO called the Remaking of Mumbai Federation .§40 years . § 750 died §1.600 injured §Loss of Properties and Livelihood §On the July 26th .2.750 minor & major instances of collapses.

Activist Late Shri. Civil.Tech. i watch H. Mumbai Y P Trivedi Hon.Managing Committee . Comm. Coordinator Padmashree Nana Chudasama World Chairman of GIANTS Anand Gupta Ex Chairman.Bombay MayankGandhi. Past President.H Sri Sri Ravi . IIT . Lalit Gandhi. Ex Chief Justice of India Darshan Gandhi B.RoMF President Chairman Secretary Founder chairman Justice P N Bhagwati. Rajya Sabha Member Jt. MCHI Vice Presidents Girsh Gokhale Ex Mun. SRS Master Visionary Krishan Khanna Founder. BAI Adolf Tragler Dir.

Sir JJ Marg Citizens Wel Assn)/ Narayana Murthy Dr.Construction) Ashok Gulati (Realty expert) Girish Bhagat The EuroIndia Center Anil Hatkar Lambda Alpha Intl . Vasandani Rome and Los Angeles M square. of India) Zoeb A Bootwala (Pres. of India) Vikas Narayan (Vice Presi-Tenants Assn.-Ind Rly. Univ Infosys Dr. HUDCO Treasurers Vimal Punmiya ( Chairman-All India Biss. Cabinet Min.J. of Industries) Mahableshwar Morje ( Gen. Sec.. Md. US .) Vinod Sampat ( Presi.VC Mum. Secretary Gurunath Dalvi ( President.Flat Owners Assn) Shankar Desai ( Past Pres.Ex. Structural Eng) Yashwant Dalal (President.All Indai Assn.Raheja College of Archi) S Dharmadhikari ( Pres.Advisory Council Jt.Nat’l Slum Dwellers Fed. Snehalatha Deshmukh Ex.Builders Assn.K.) Sunil Shastri Ex.) Sharad Mahajan (Architect) V.Fedn. Kaizer Rangwala Dr. Soc. P S Rana Ex Chairman. Dynamic Intl Ltd. Illinois London Coordinator Permanent invitees Members A Jockin (Presi.Institute of Architects) Vijay Kalantri (Pres. David Fisher Mahender Rangwala Asso. Rane (Ex.VC Mum Univ Shashi Prabhu Architect Dr.Estate Agent’s Assn.ofAssn of Maha) Shashank Ninawe ( Prof.Ind. Council) Muhammadli Patel (Gen Sec.Co-Op-Soc Resi Users & Welfare Assn. Vijay Khole Chief Mentor .

J. §Indian Merchants' Chamber §Indian Concrete Institute §Mumbai District Co-op Housing Fedn Ltd §Estate Agents Assn. §Mumbai University §The Indian Institute of Architects §Sir J. §Tenants Assn. Of Industries §Maharashtra Soc. College of Architecture §Rizvi College of Architecture NGOs §Slum Rehabilitation Soc. Welfare Assn. Of Maharashtra §Indian Soc of Structural Engineers. §The Inst. §Builders Assn.Over 17. Of India §Giants International §Flat Owner's Assn. of India Academic Institutions .000 local members and Associations §Old Building Landlord Welfare Association §Citizen Forum for C Ward Development §Federation of Assn. of Engineers (I) §All India Business Council §Indian Council of Foreign Trade §All India Assn.

The agreement will help to bring together all of the disciplines involved in creating the urban environment on a global basis.International tie-ups… COUNCIL ON TALL BUILDINGS AND URBAN HABITAT (CTBUH) To support RoMF in Remaking Mumbai with Sector-by-Sector redevelopment. architects. RoMF has been appointed as the country leader and will be in a position to bring the best planners. . developers & consultants for rejuvenating Mumbai into a world class city.

Tekla. Inc.I.P.Handasah (Shair and Partners) DeStefano + Partners Ltd. Dunbar & Boardman Terry Farrell & Partners Flack + Kurtz FXFOWLE Architects P. The Thornton Tomasetti Group Woods Bagot CPP. HP Konig. KLCC (Holdings) Berhad Cosentini Associates CS Associates CTL Group Dar Al. Arkitek Institute of Architectural Design NORR Architects & Engineers Palafox Associates Pan Arab Consulting Engineers Pelli Clarke Pelli Architects Plannungsgruppe Droge Baade Nagaraj STS Consultants Ltd.C Rowan Williams Davies & Irwin Inc.Ltd. Hamzah & Yeang Sdn Bhd. Heunisch and Partner USA USA UK USA Saud Arabia Dubai Waterfront HongKong Malaysia USA USA USA Egypt USA UK UK USA USA Germany T.r. Inc.L. LLC Traynor O’Toole Architects . Inc.R. Zuhair Fayez Partnership Hongkong Land Ltd.K USA USA USA Finland Name of Organisations Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences Skidmore Owings & Merrill. L. Solomon Cordwell Buenz & Associates. Tishman Speyer Properties Walter P Moore Omrania & Associates RISE International Leslie E. Robertson Associates Rosenwasser/Grossman Consulting Engineers P.CTBUH Members Name of Organisations Arup The Blume Foundation Bovis Lend Lease S. Taylor Thomson Whitting Pty. Inc. The Calvin Group. Davis Langdon LLP DeSimone Consulting Engineers Gale International Illinois Institute of Technology. Dong Yang Structural Engineers Place Kuwait USA USA USA Saudi Arabia USA USA USA Canada USA USA UK USA Korea Dubai Malaysia Canada Philippine Kuwait Connectient Germany USA Australia USA USA UK NBBJ USA Samsung Corporation (Engineering & Construction Korea Schindler Elevator Corporation Schirmer Engineering Corporation WSP Group American Institute of Steel Construction. College of Architecture KONE Oyj Place USA USA U.C.

§Replicate this process in all major cities of India and outside . §Transform Mumbai into a WORLD CLASS CITY.RoMF Mission: Save Mumbai – Make Mumbai Objectives: §Cluster development §Deliberate planning process for the entire city of Mumbai §Increase and augmentation of infrastructure §Creation of housing stock for the poor.

remake Mumbai to “A WORLD CLASS CITY” . Shanghai and many other cities were in much worse shape than the present Mumbai.Hong Kong. Singapore.private partnership . latest technology and the use of the public. It is high time to muster strong political and administrative will and by applying innovative ideas.

Early Shanghai §Crammed population §Poor infrastructure §Abysmal quality of life 24 .

Shanghai 2006 §Block-by-block development §Strong political and administrative will 25 .

Hong Kong in 1965 §Low Shanties §Unplanned growth §Few green areas §No open spaces 26 .

Hong Kong in 1980s 27 .

Hong Kong today

Singapore in 1972
§Crammed layout §Horizontal structure §No open space

Singapore today
§World class city §FSI of 5-25 §Sector by sector massive development

Housing policy for inner city redevelopment 2 redevelopment model
§Individual buildings – §Clusters – DCR 33(7) DCR 33(9)

Process of redevelopment § § § § § § § Purchase / development rights of existing buildings Agreements with tenants Removal of existing buildings to transit accommodation Clearing of space Constructing Rehab buildings Shifting tenants back Parallelly constructing free sale apartments along with all infrastructure and sustainable measures § Selling extra incentive area .

whichever is more – 1 Property – 50% incentive – 2-5 Properties – 60% incentive – 6 or more Properties – 70% incentive .DCR 33 (7)   FSI of 2.5 or Rehab + Incentive.

PARKING & AMENITIES Shortage of WATER Average travel speed – 6-8 kmph & bottle necks Damage to CULTURAL HERITAGE Only feasible buildings get redeveloped UNSUSTAINABLE model of development .Individual building redevelopment Further load on existing POOR INFRASTRUCTURE Decrease in per capita OPEN SPACE.

landlords and private developers will come together for undertaking redevelopment of cluster .  To transform the fractured development in to cohesive urban unit as laid down in Development Plan  Promote better living environment & living standards To facilitate development and proper maintenance of infrastructure  To generate surplus tenements for rehabilitation of the occupiers who are on the master list of MHADA MHADA will play the nodal role in the cluster approach   MHADA shall be a signatory to all the agreements to provide greater acceptability and credibility amongst the tenants and landlords. In order to accelerate the redevelopment of old and dilapidated buildings.  Facilitate market oriented redevelopment strategy. it is proposed to encourage redevelopment projects through joint ventures in which MHADA along with the tenants.Maharashtra State Housing Policy 2007 some excerpts of redevelopment Incentivizing redevelopment through cluster approach.  Promote higher FSI to large cluster redevelopment.

whichever is more – Area between 1 and 2 acres –  55% incentive 65% incentive 70% incentive 75% incentive 80% incentive 2 and 3 acres – 3 and 4 acres – 4 and 5 acres – above 5 acres –     .DCR 33 (9) – cluster redevelopment   FSI of 4 or Rehab + Incentive.

Principles of Cluster redevelopment • PPP basis • Cluster approach • Self.financing scheme • Inclusive process with win-win solutions • Sustainability measures • In-situ rehabilitation • Transparent and accountable process • Global best practices with local involvement .

free of cost INCLUSIVE APPROACH Restoration of HERITAGE & RELIGIOUS buildings FINANCIAL INCENTIVES to the building landlords HOLISTIC PLANNING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Fast process of city REMAKING SELF FINANCING model WIN – WIN solution for all .Advantages Upgradation & augmentation of INFRASTRUCTURE LIFE TIME MAINTENANCE of buildings .

Developer share 100 % 10% 5% 65% 80 % Min 300 sqft or equivalent present area to each residential tenement of Rehab component of Rehab component of Rehab component .as per new DCR 33(9) Rehab component Owner share Corpus Fund for main.

Sustainable Development & the City Recycling Bio-Capacity Power Outside The Premises Infrastructure Water Inside The Premises Clean Air Bio-Diversity SO C IA L Growth L OLOGI CA EC SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT Value Cultural Identity Employment Productivity E E CO CO NO NO MII M C C Amenity Public safety Public service .

Sustainable Development & the City .

UV sterilizer Toilet & Urinal Laundry Dish water Commercial Waste water to Municipal treatment SOLID Waste . 3.Filters 2. Chemical Treatments 1.Water management (Usage Augmentation) Harvesting Marine release Storm water Rain Bioswale Absorbed into ground Evaporated into Air Municipal water supply Bath Sink 1.

Black water management Carbon Dioxide H H C H Energy ( Back To Grid) Solid Waste H Methane Reactor Clean Pathogen Free water Black water Micro pore Filter UV Radiation/ Ozone Landscape / Irrigation Result .37 % savings .

39 % savings .Energy network Loss 20% Heat 50% Waste 70% Energy Source 100% Electricity 30% Electricity District Hot water Centralized MechanicalR oom Centralized Electricity Room Supply to Individual Users Traditional Electricity Supply Grid Utility Company Power Generation Utility Cogeneration Facility Alternative energy On-Site UltraEfficient & Clean Power Generation Fuel Cells Wind Turbines Photovoltaic Arrays On-Site Renewable Power Generation End User Result .

Solid Waste Management Individual Discharge Without separation waste collection Garbage containers Local collection and carriage without separation Landfill Traditional Proposed New Product to users Manufacturer Dry waste Non Recycled Production stream Central trash yards Rotating separator Compactor & Container Wet waste waste Pneumatic waste Collection system Back to Grid Recyclable waste Landfill Diverter Incinerator center .

waste management §Existing new buildings. heritage structures. Wide roads Public spaces . schools. masjids.Area Advantage Existing cluster Vertical growth Public amenities – §Temples. jain derasars. sewage treatment. agiaries Augmented infrastructure Parking. health centers etc will be maintained and augmented. water recycling.

5 : 1 Huge open spaces & Vertical gardens worsen excellen Primary school & dispensaries acc to popn’ t congest Upto 20% Hierarchy & planned ion worst excellen In-situ segregation & t treatment nil excellen Solar & Wind energy usage t in clusters * Values of Present & individual from diff sources & Cluster outcomes on RoMF’s pilot project master plan .6 (20 Vertical development & times) l intermittent open > 9 : 1 3 .03 Humans: Tree 9:1 ratio Schools/dispe less nsaries Road network 9-12% Waste disposal Renewable Energies worst nil Individ Cluster * Processes in Cluster ual development < 80 >135 Water harvesting & recycling worsen excellen Water treatment t worsen excellen Multi-storied & offsite t parking margina 0.Outcomes – Infrastructure matrix Present Water (lpcd) < 100 Sewage Parking Open & Play acres/1000 bad bad 0.

§Revenue from extra parking areas.Tenant’s Advantage §Single room tenement to 300 sq. ex-bureaucrats and eminent citizens §Corpus fund to ensure life time free maintenance.ft house §In-situ redevelopment §Nearby transit §Financial guarantees will be given along with penalty clause §Two level Grievance Council consisting of ex-judges. hosting of hoardings and hiring of community halls for rehab buildings §Convertible debenture to each tenant which will convert into equity Landlord’s advantage §Fair compensation § §Convertible debenture to each tenant which will convert into equity .

kitchen and toilet blocks §Separate hawking zones §Back lanes in markets and shopping areas for loading and unloading.Traders and Shopkeepers advantage §In-situ redevelopment §No malls and super bazaars in the free sale component §Shops in the ground floors with road frontage will be rehabilitated in the same way §Rehabilitation in the last stage to minimise the loss of income §Convertible debenture to each tenant which will convert into equity Advantages for the hawkers and laborers §Increased work opportunities for laborers §Dormitories with clean beds. §Increased public toilets and rest rooms. .

Housing & Infrastructure 50.000 crores INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT FUND AFFORDABLE HOUSING for Lower & middle income groups >25.000 units Housing stock EWS & LIG GOOD QUALITY housing for rehabilitated people WORLD STANDARD LIFE QUALITY .OUTCOMES .

size § §Night time: Day time population ratio 1 : 5 s al da Sha m g Mar Gand hi y an km g Lo ar M a Ti la k rs ha Ma ad Ro hi Ka rv e y man Lo k g r Ma il a T ak . 777 96.222 140 sq ft 20.Cluster in C Ward… Pa A1 ad Ro dar S Po te l Mumba Devi Temple l R Ab d u e t Stre veri Za azar B ayk B Jr g Ma Mosqu e ar ROMF S K Patil Udyan th he s di et Da t re S Marg ehm kh ei Sh reet St an i Ag ar y Me no Ka l ba d ev i Ro a d Ma ha rs hi Ka rv e Ro ad n Swadeshi M a rk e t MJ Market an Sh J oad R ke r Sh et h §Total Area 233 acres 2. 202 1.000 150 sq ft Marine Lines Station Pr i e nc ss S e tr Ma nga lda s M ark et t e Ka lb ad ev i Ro ad §Number of Buildings § §Cessed Buildings § §Population § §Residential units § §Avgsize § §Commercial units § §Avg. 673 22.

Data mapping… .

Various Clusters .

Summary of clusters .

Building details of every cluster .

Details of every building .

Communities Hindu Christian Muslim Parsi .

6-7% Singleperson that share a place with other people Age 22-58 male 7 % Servants 32-35 % Kids 49% Residential 50-52% Couples Age around male 24-55 female 23-50 2.5 / house 3% Widow Age 45-58 3-4% Elderly Age around 58-70 Source: Various HH surveys by RoMF .

2 %Agent 1-2 % Doctor 25-30% Shop 1 % Pan Shop 2-3 % Gold 51% Commercial 1-2 % Tea Shop 25-30 % Textile 2-3 % Restaurant 1 % Electronics 10 % Miscellaneous Source: Various HH surveys by RoMF .30-32 % Paper-Printing 10-15 % Office 1.

. opinions & changes in the master planning and individual building design Citizens Forum for C Ward Development (CFCD) A large group of eminent citizens of C ward who have come together to work constructively for the redevelopment of its ward and is represented by a managing committee and a mohalla committee consisting of representatives of each of the 129 mohallas Federation of Associations of Maharashtra (FAM) An apex body representing more than 750 associations/chambers of Trade. FAM has been able to gain the confidence and respect of the Trading community. since it has been trying to solve problems and genuine grievances of business community when they are in difficulties Old Building Landlords Welfare Association (OLWA) Association formed for the cause of the landlords of dilapidated buildings in Mumbai. Transport and Small Scale Industries from all over Maharashtra.Public Participation… Building Representative Forum (BRF) 3 to 5 representatives from each building for discussions. who are suffering from various laws imposed under the Bombay Rent Control Act.

Public outreach Sharing the concept – over 15000 3 public mtgs of .

Public outreach Mohalla and street meetings for Sharing the concept .

Public outreach Public meetings to unveil plan and policies .

Public outreach Building wise meetings .

Public outreach Street and locality opinion forming .

Public outreach Business and commerce .

Public outreach Door to door suggestions .

Public outreach 24 hrs free ambulance inaugurated by Dy Mayor and ExMP .

Public outreach Disaster Relief Cell .

Public outreach Involving global technical experts .

Public outreach Public seminars on various issues .

Public outreach Understanding the issues .

Public outreach Design studio with Indian and Int’l architecture students .

Public outreach Public exhibition on some works .

monthly newsletter in 4 languages – over 22.000 copies .

3 Round table discussions on 1.Remaking Sustainable Cities in the Vertical Age 3.Remaking Sustainable Cities: Infrastructure & Finance .Inner city redevelopment of India 2.

3rd – 5th Feb.CTBUH 2010 Conference. Mumbai “Remaking Sustainable Cities in the Vertical Age" 77 global speakers & 1100 delegates. spanning 29 countries .

Pilot project .30 acres .

Proposed 30 acres project in Chira bazar area .

840 4.281 6.7 % 373 .324 962 7.Project details… Cluster area Total buildings etc) (including new.484 8.9% 83. temples 30 acres Buildings under proposal Residential tenements Commercial tenements Total tenements Locked units Net open premises Consent received May 09 % of consents received Consent % of open premises 13th 362 3.092 73.

Tra ( CPMC ) Creation of sectors Finance.CPMC . Government Traffic & Transport authorities Undertaking ter supply and sewage treatment agencies. Mayor. designers. Environment & Ecology Project Mgnt & Monitoring Sector by Sector development Scheme (SSDS) . electricity -Local Other Para-statal agencies Chief Minister Mayor & Dy. Leader of opposition Members Stakeholders of various associations Chambers of federation. Consultants & collabor Planners. FII’s etc Survey & Planning City Planning and Monitoring Committee Advisory Committee Accountability.City Planning and Monitoring Committee CUDC pment opment authorities/ Municipal corporations. National & int’l developers. FI’s. Public Works Dept. -State Telecom.

time and aesthetics by international project management firms .Concept Public Private People Partnership for Regulating. Planning and Monitoring CPMC – City Planning and Monitoring Committee Objectives •Formation of a City planning and monitoring •Create mode of implementation by Functions •Survey and Study dilapidated buildings •Pro-active facilitating corporate through a SPV on a PPP basis •Sectorial planning pertaining to old& Sector – by – Sector Development scheme•Prequalification of Sector Developers •Address all other categories of development •Execution of social infrastructure •Involve global and top quality professionals •Create Financial Tools •Create Accountability and transparency structure through Corporate Governance •Enabling laws / rules •Rehousing of tenants. landlords etc •Monitoring quality.

Margaret Mead .Do not doubt that a small group of thoughtful people could change the world. . it's the only thing that ever has. Indeed.

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