21st Century Skills & Digital Literacy: What Do Teachers & Learners Need to Know?

Marian Thacher, OTAN Santa Ana Flex Days August, 2011

What do adult learners need to know in order to survive and thrive in employment and further education?

WHO ARE YOUR PARTNERS?

3

How is Tech Changing the Way We Live?

4

Controlling Social Media

5

What’s Happening to Reading?
What

do we read? Where do we read? When do we read? How do we read? Is auding http://www.prospect.org/csnc/blogs/tapped_archive?month=02&year=2011&base_name=draft_ine
6

ook x t b Nook Te al git Ne Di E-Books wsp ape DLE your rs KIN pho on ne Books on Your iPad rry kbe lac B
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What’s Happening to Reading? s

One way that reading has changed for you in the last 5 years

8

Borrowing eBooks from Library
66%

of libraries report offering free eBooks HarperCollins to allow only 26 borrows per eBook Can a borrower put it on two devices? Can a borrower lend it to someone else? How many copies does the library have to buy?
9

Digital Textbooks
By

2017, digital textbook sales will match traditional

Kindergartener

s in Maine to receive iPad2

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FlexBooks

ck-12.org/flexbook/

◦ Digital textbooks for STEM ◦ Free! ◦ Customize your textbook
 Select the whole book, or a few chapters Combine chapters from different books

Save in 3 formats – pdf, html or

11

What’s Happening to Book Stores?
Borders

- gone Barnes & Noble going strong and big company investing Amazon already sells
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A New Kind of Book
Video

TED V i eo of M i d ke M a ta s

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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World Internet Access

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Home Access - California vs. US

“Californians and Information Technology,” Public Policy Institute

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Home Access – Latinos in CA

“Californians and Information Technology,” Public Policy Institute

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Home Internet Access for ESL Students

2 0 1 0 -1 1 R a n g e : 19% 2 0 0 9 -1 0 R a n g e : 52%

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Broadband Access – DSL & Cable

Broadbandmap.gov/technology
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Mobile Wireless Access US

Broadbandmap.gov/technology
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What’s Happening to Education?

PUN K tion uca Y Ed Di DI sruptin g Twitter C Coll lass abor atio n
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MOOCs

EDU

What do adult learners need to know in order to survive and thrive in employment and further education?

Three Sources
National

Education Technology

Plan Partnership for 21st Century Skills ISTE National Education Technology Standards for students

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How Should We Define 21st Century Skills?
National

Education Technology

Plan Published Nov. 2010 Addresses many aspects of education
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Learning Teaching Assessment Infrastructure Productivity

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National Education Technology Plan
Learning
◦ Critical thinking, complex problem solving ◦ Information tools – Web sites, online libraries, online books, original resources ◦ Collaboration tools - social networking, wikis, blogs ◦ Mobile learning – not confined to the classroom, even the digital classroom
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C-/E-/M-Learning
C-Learning E   

M  
◦Online ◦Any time, any place, any pace ◦Collabo

Le a rn i g n

Learning

  

Face to face ◦ Shared physical context ◦ Easier to build relations

◦Small

chunks ◦Contextspecifi c ◦Locationspecifi c

35

National Education Technology Plan
Teaching

◦ Technology-based professional development ◦ Leverage social networking to create communities of practice ◦ Develop a teaching force skilled in online instruction

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National Education Technology Plan
Assessment

◦ Technology-based to give timely feedback to shape instruction ◦ Make use of simulations, collaborative environments, games ◦ Revise policies to support these changes

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ISTE: NETS for Students

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ISTE: NETS for Students
Creativity

and Innovation and

Communication

Collaboration
Research

and Information

Fluency
Critical

Thinking, Problem Citizenship Operations and
39

Solving and Decision Making
Digital Technology

ISTE: NETS for Students
Creativity

and Innovation and

Communication

Collaboration
Research

and Information

Fluency
Critical

Thinking, Problem Citizenship Operations and
40

Solving and Decision Making
Digital Technology

So What’s New? The Context!
Creativity

& Innovation

◦ Apply existing knowledge to new ideas ◦ Create original works ◦ Identify trends and forecast possibilities

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So What’s New? The Context!
How

do you teach this stuff??
◦ Sir Ken Robinson: It’s all about passion ◦ Many inspiring stories about people who have found their passion

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So What’s New? The Context!
6

myths of creativity debunked

 
Competition beats collaboration Efficiency fosters creativity

 Only creative types are creative Money is a motivator Fear forces breakthroughs

A time when you were playing – when time disappeared
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Imagination is everything. It is the preview of life's coming attractions.
--Albert Einstein

Creativity in the Classroom
Frame

the collaborative pair or team task Make the learning outcomes clear Set the ground rules ALLOW TIME BE QUIET

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Collaborative Projects
An

online project between Santa Ana students and some high school students in Arkansas Mesa Adult School students create a wiki for their student council Lopez Mercedes works with his students on a Voki project
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Newport

 Jose

Your Learning Plan

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ISTE: NETS for Students
Creativity

and Innovation and

Communication

Collaboration
Research

and Information

Fluency
Critical

Thinking, Problem Citizenship Operations and
49

Solving and Decision Making
Digital Technology

Communication and Collaboration
No DIY

geographical boundaries

◦ (You learn a lot about time zones!)

Education Tools for C & C Publish!
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

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Writing Photos Audio Video

Communication and Collaboration
Facebook

Twitter

Blogs

Podcasts

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SOCIAL MEDIA

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FACEBOOK

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Facebook
Who   What   What  
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uses it?

is the biggest benefit?

is the biggest concern?

Facebook

U S D a ta fo r 2 0 1 0 ,

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Facebook

PROs
   

CONs

   

 

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Facebook
PROs Everybody is already here! Variety of page types – group, business page, personal Wide access for discussions and sharing

CONs Privacy issues Confusing re types of pages Need to have a separate professional account

 
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Uses for Facebook
Promote

your program Keep in touch with learners Share information, photos, videos, songs Keep in touch

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Types of FB Pages
Personal

◦ To share or not to share…
Fan/Business

◦ For promoting a program
Group

◦ Open or closed? ◦ Under whose account? ◦ Set email notifications
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Share your thoughts about Facebook with your partners
Do

you use it? Have you thought about using it with learners? Is it a good idea? Why, or why not?

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TWITTER
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Twitter
Who   What   What  
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uses it?

is the biggest benefit?

is the biggest concern?

C LI N  AMANPOUR:

The

State Department just had an Arabic Twitter account, a Farsi Twitter account. This week, what do you expect to do with that?

http://abcnews.go.com/ThisWeek/week-transcript-hillary-clinton/story?id=12959396&page=4

T O N : … m o stl y w e w a n t to b e i n th e m i w i th i x th s i cre d i l , yo u n g , n b e e n e rg e ti c p o p u l ti n th a t i a o s se e ki g th e sa m e n ri h ts to e xp re ss g th e m se l s a s ve yo u n g p e o p l i th e e n U n i d S ta te s se e k . 64 te

Twitter

U S D a ta fo r 2 0 1 0 ,

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Uses with Students
Send

out assignments & other reminders to learners Learners send tweets using specific vocabulary or grammar Learners share links to online content with one another Learners follow historical figures, specialists, experts Tweet from E-readers

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How to Drink from the Twitter Firehose?
Use

hashtags

◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

#Literacy #adulted #homeless #catesol

Search

for hashtags Create a list Make tweets private, if necessary Check it out

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Reading & Writing
Write/read

student stories published on blog or Web site Create a Twitter channel – short communications
◦ About a topic from reading ◦ As an historical or current public figure
Create

a slide show and post on blog, Web site, Scribd, VoiceThread, Google Docs Create a class or group photo account, students post and write
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Blog Example - VESL

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Blog Example - VESL

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Blog Example - VESL

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Speaking & Listening
Skype call with an author, expert, or other guest Leave audio or video  comments on VoiceThread  slides Have an online meeting  with another class or  group Post a podcast at Podomatic or Gabcast, to which students reply with audio comments
Class

72 h ttp :// re a l sta te re su sci ti n . b l g sp o t. co m / 2 0 1 0 / 0 8 / i d i n a -sta te -fa i -i -i -to w n . h tm e ta o o n a r s n

Speaking & Listening Examples
ESL

class in San Francisco

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VoiceThread
This

I Believe about Music Himalayan Adventure
A way to use VoiceThread with your learners

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Cell Phones

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Mobile vs. Desktop

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Smartphones
35%

of US adults own a smartphone
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 59% 58% 49% 44% of of of of those making over $75,000 those btw 25 and 34 those btw 18 and 24 blacks and Latinos

of them say that their phone is where they do most of their online browsing “35% of American Adults Own a Smartphone,” Aaron Smith, Pew Internet & American Life
Project, 7/11/11, http://pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2011/PIP_Smartphones.pdf
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25%

How do you feel about your smartphone?

“35% of American Adults Own a Smartphone,” Aaron Smith, Pew Internet & American Life Project, 7/11/11, http://pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2011/PIP_Smartphones.pdf
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“35% of American Adults Own a Smartphone,” Aaron Smith, Pew Internet & American Life Project, 7/11/11, http://pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2011/PIP_Smartphones.pdf
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“35% of American Adults Own a Smartphone,” Aaron Smith, Pew Internet & American Life Project, 7/11/11, http://pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2011/PIP_Smartphones.pdf
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Getting Online in California

“Californians and Information Technology,” Public Policy Institute

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Broadband as a Utility

“Californians and Information Technology,” Public Policy Institute

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Importance of Teaching Tech Skills

“Californians and Information Technology,” Public Policy Institute

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Farmers in India
Connect

in real time with vets and agriculture experts Solve farming problems 8.5 million Indian Photo credit: antkriz via Flickr/

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Mobile Learning
Look

at “moments of need” rather than courses Mobile learning is a productivity tool, not a delivery platform for a course

Learning

is interwoven with task Blur between reference, support tool, and learning

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Mobile Learning Projects

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“MOBILE PHONES ARE MISNAMED. THEY SHOULD BE CALLED ‘GATEWAYS TO ALL HUMAN KNOWLEDGE’.”
-RAY KURZWEIL

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What can you do with a cell phone in the classroom?
Watch

the

video

Alternate link

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Feedback on Video
Are

the students using smartphones? What examples of using cell phones do you remember? Do you think you might try any of the examples? Did the video give you enough information to get started on a project? Where could you go for more
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ePortfolios
What?

◦ Students assemble work samples, creative projects, Web sites, photos, test scores ◦ Teachers collect evidence of professional development
Why?

◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

Selectively available anywhere Easily shared Can include media Demonstrates tech skill, and other
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ePortfolios
Where?

◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

Google Docs Google Sites Wiki WordPress Mahara.org

Features

to look for

◦ Framework – Experience, goals, current work ◦ Selective views – one for group, teacher, prospective employers ◦ Easy to add photos, video, audio,

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ePortfolios - Examples

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ePortfolios - Examples

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ePortfolios - Examples

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Using The Cloud
Keep

your documents online Use your software online Run servers from a distant location Google Docs
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Text documents Slides Spreadsheets Forms
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Your Learning Plan

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ISTE: NETS for Students
Creativity

and Innovation and

Communication

Collaboration
Research

and Information

Fluency
Critical

Thinking, Problem Citizenship Operations and
97

Solving and Decision Making
Digital Technology

Information Literacy
What

is it?

98

Partnership for 21st Century Skills

Information Literacy Access and Evaluate Information

◦ Access information efficiently (time) and effectively (sources) ◦ Evaluate information critically and competently
Use

and Manage Information

◦ Use information accurately and creatively ◦ Manage the flow of information from a wide variety of sources ◦ Apply a fundamental understanding of 99

Research & Information Fluency
Search
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦

strategies Critical eval of Web sites
Read the URL Examine the content Ask about author Look at the links

Strategies

for managing information, organizing bookmarks
◦ Delicious.com ◦ Diigo.com

Prioritizing, time management, http://www.greenwichschools.org/page.cfm?p=6657

&

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Teaching Information Fluency
What

are your strategies for locating, sifting and managing information? How do you model these strategies for your students, or staff? Do you provide direct instruction for these strategies?

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Teaching Information Fluency a little about search  Do you teach

strategies every day?  Have you provided critical thinking activities about Web sites?  Are you modeling information management?  Do you discuss information management directly?  Do you monitor how your students manage information?  Do you suggest or assign management tools?  Do you model selecting the appropriate
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Bookmarking and Tagging
How

you save sites now Bookmarking Tagging Tag clouds Go to the wiki
(my Delicious account)

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Media Literacy
What

is media?

◦ ◦ ◦
What

is media literacy?

◦ ◦ ◦

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Five Key Questions

created this message? What techniques are used to attract my attention? How might different people understand this message differently from me? What lifestyles, values, and points of view are http://represented inteachers/media_literacy/key_conce www.media-awareness.ca/english/ or omitted
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Who

Partnership for 21st Century Skills

Media Literacy Analyze Media

◦ Understand the how and why of media messages ◦ Examine values and points of view ◦ Consider ethical and legal issues
Create

Media Products

◦ Choose the right medium and know how to use it ◦ Post a photo ◦ Create and post a video for a 106

Partnership for 21st Century Skills

Stages of Media Literacy Become aware of and manage your media “diet” Learn to analyze and question what is in the frame
◦ What is there? What is left out?
Identify

who produced it? Why? Who profits? Who loses?

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ICT Literacy
Information

and Communication Technology
◦ Includes tech skills along with information management skills ◦ Are you teaching how to use a keyboard, or a browser? – That’s ICT literacy

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Your Learning Plan

109

ISTE: NETS for Students
Creativity

and Innovation and

Communication

Collaboration
Research

and Information

Fluency
Critical

Thinking, Problem Citizenship Operations and
110

Solving and Decision Making
Digital Technology

Critical Thinking, Problem Solving
Identify

authentic problems for investigation Plan and manage activities to develop a solution Collect and analyze data Identify solutions Incorporate diverse  perspectives Choose and test a  http://www.techlearning.com/article/8670 solution

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Authentic Problem

( Wileytoons 20 January 2000 ,  

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Classroom Examples
What

are some examples of an authentic problem related to
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Keeping campus green Getting a job Going to college Managing money Writing an essay Convincing someone Changing a law
http://www.34news.com/minor-makes-major-change-in-curfew-ordinance113 .html

VALUE: Voices of Adult Learners United to Educate
National

adult learner organization Goal is to develop adult learner leaders Leadership Institute annually

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VALUE: Voices of Adult Learners United to Educate

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Your Learning Plan

116

ISTE: NETS for Students
Creativity

and Innovation and

Communication

Collaboration
Research

and Information

Fluency
Critical

Thinking, Problem Citizenship Operations and
117

Solving and Decision Making
Digital Technology

Digital Citizenship
Safe,

legal and responsible use of information and tech Positive attitude towards technology Personal responsibility for lifelong learning

US Dept. of Labor, public

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Safe, Legal, Responsible
Copyright

– who owns what? What is OK to copy and use? If not, why not? Personal information online Email etiquette, discussion board http://academic.cuesta.edu/bused/parallinks.htm etiquette,

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Online Privacy – There isn’t any!
75%

of U.S. recruiters and HR professionals do online searches on candidates 70% have rejected candidates based on what they found Young woman fired for posting on FB “I’m so totally bored!” at work

120

Security
Basic

understanding of security is important!
◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Passwords Attachments Phishing emails Malware/Spyware Identity Theft

http://lifehacker.com/#!5714296/how-to-stay-secure-online
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Responsibility for Lifelong Learning
What

strategies do you use to learn a new skill or find new information? What is the future of schools? What is the role of teachers? The only thing you can count on is change

122 h ttp :// w w w . fl ckr. co m / p h o to s/ p i re p u rrfe ct6 8 5 / 5 0 6 6 4 5 1 0 9 0 / si s/ m / i / p h o to stre a m i ctu ze n

Your Learning Plan

123

ISTE: NETS for Students
Creativity

and Innovation and

Communication

Collaboration
Research

and Information

Fluency
Critical

Thinking, Problem Citizenship Operations and
124

Solving and Decision Making
Digital Technology

Technology Operations and Concepts
Understand

and use technology Select and use applications effectively Troubleshoot systems and applications Transfer skills

h ttp :// h i h e re d . m cg ra w - h i lco m / si s/ 0 0 7 8 6 9 3 1 6 0 / stu d e n t_vi w 0 / e rg o n o m i u i e l n g l. te e c_g d i 125

Technology Operations and Concepts
Understand

and use technology

◦ Any of the things we’ve talked about!
Select

the right tool for the job

◦ An email or a text message? ◦ A blog or a wiki? ◦ Online or offline?
Troubleshoot

systems and

applications
◦ Every time something goes wrong, it’s a learning opportunity! 126

Classroom Examples
 Do

you need to teach keyboarding?  Do you have computer classes for basic skills students?  Is there support for students teaching each other?  Is there support for teachers teaching each other?  What if your students know more than you?

http://www.flickr.com/photos/donshall/4153352036/sizes/m/in/photostream/

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Your Learning Plan

128

Look at Your Learning Plan
Can

you remember an example of each topic? ones do you already know about? 1 or 2
129

Which

Which

THE ILLITERATE OF THE 21ST CENTURY WILL NOT BE THOSE WHO CANNOT READ AND WRITE, BUT THOSE WHO CANNOT LEARN, UNLEARN, AND RELEARN.

-- Alvin Toffler

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