CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN OF BERHAMPUR (Water supply and Transportation

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SUBMITTED BY SIBASISH PATTANAYAK

‡Orissa is a prominent state of India with a long coastline and is a storehouse of mineral wealth. ‡Berhampur city is the third most populous urban area in the state of Orissa and 113th overall in India. It is mainly a trading centre for Southern Orissa having its influence over eight districts. It is the oldest city of Ganjam District. Now-a-days Berhampur city is famous for its widespread contribution to human resources in extremely important and decision-making positions all over the globe.

strengthening of municipal governments and their financial accounting and budgeting systems and procedures. . and elimination of legal and other bottlenecks that have stifled the land and housing markets. strategies that deal specifically with issues affecting the urban poor. creation of structures for bringing in accountability and transparency.` The City Development Plan under JNNURM focuses on the development of economic and social infrastructure.

` ` ` ` ` ` Enhancing Service delivery and productivity Reducing poverty Specific emphasis to gender Improving urban governance and Enhancing financial sustainability Preparing the cities for effective disaster management. .

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Unless infrastructure is improved. quality of life suffers. sanitation. sewerage. solid waste management. It is important for Berhampur to have a long-term vision of achieving world-class standards of service delivery. . road network.` Urban growth results in heavy pressure on infrastructure. traffic and transportation etc. Most importantly it impacts economic development of the city and investment climate. particularly water supply.

During the summers the water supply is only 27MLD. . The supply falls in summer due to the drying of the Rushikulya River. A few years ago drinking water had to be transported to the city by railway tankers.` At present Berhampur needs around 57 MLD of water but the current supply is of only 33MLD. Every summer drinking water has to be supplied to water scarcity areas of the city by tankers. which is one of the major sources of water.

08 MLD of water.` ` ` Piped water supply facility to Berhampur town was first provided in 1905 A. .D. The present demand for water supply is about 57 MLD against which the production is just 33 MLD.72 MLD for a design population of 30.000 and th en augmented in 1961 to supply 9. The ground water source (cheapest source) in the city and its periphery do not have the potential with respect to quality and quantity. Present water supply in the city is 33 MLD of which 27 MLD is from river source and 6 MLD is from tube well. with a capacity of 2.

There is a proposal for closed water pipes and an amount of Rs 215 crores has been sanctioned for the purpose. The main problem of the water supply of Berhampur is that the source is very far from the city. which will in turn increase the supply by 15MLD. Water comes to the city through open canals and due to a lot of tapping on the way there is about 80% loss of water. SOURCES OF WATER AT PRESENT .` Renovation work of the reservoir is in the progress.

.` About 70% of the population is covered by piped water supplyThe connection details are given in the table below where 84% of the connections are domestic. There are 1755 stand posts and 918654 numbers of hand pumps which is located mostly in the slum areas where access to piped water is limited.

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Berhampur depends on three sources for its water supply: the Rushikulya Joint (12 mld). The present demand for water supply is about 57 MLD against which the production is just 33 mld. The quantity is very low. licensing. water supply from Dakhinapur (15 mld) and Production wells (48 Nos. Many people depend on hand pumps as well. 6 mld)..1. programs for rain water harvesting etc. registering and taxing the private bore wells under a well-organized regulatory mechanism. recharging of groundwater. The per capita supply of water in Berhampur is 73 lpcd. In order to regulate uncontrolled exploitation of underground water sources there is a need for initiatives viz. . 2. reducing NRW. The coverage of water supply is only 70 percent. The water supply system is inadequate and poor. Ground water regulation and recharging and rainwater harvesting. As per the standard norms of CPHEEO and UDPFI guidelines the per capita supply of water should be 135 lpcd. 3. This calls for programs for augmentation of source. The present water bodies have also dried up and are encroached.

Tariff is charged on a flat rate basis.There is no metered connection. The supply of water is sporadic and the frequency of supply varies from 2 hoursdaily and in some places every alternate day. 5. The billing and collection system is poor and hence there is low cost recovery. 6. .4. The water pipes are very old and hence there is a need for replacement. O&M recoveryis also only 46%.

7.` ` Berhampur city is well connected by road and rail network. Similarly N.No. There are 20 major roads in the city covering a distance of 45 kms.H. .H.H. The Howrah-Chennai Railway line of South-Eastern Railway passes through the city making Berhampur as the busiest station in this region. 217 also runs through this city. 17 & 65. N.5 runs close to the city providing direct linkage to Kolkata & Chennai. The city is well connected with districts through S.

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1. Lack of adequate parking space has been identified as a major problem in the city. signals. 4. 3. Lack of proper parking facility in the city is leading to congestion as the vehicles are parked on the roadside haphazardly and there by reducing the width of the road. 5. Inadequate landscaping and greeneries along the roads. streetlights. .signage. 2. The traffic management is not efficient. The roads in the city are in poor condition. Presence of cattle on the roads creates a nuisance and obstructs traffic movement. medians. NH 217 passes through the city causing a lot of traffic problems. etc. There is inadequate and disorganized road furniture.

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` The objective of this section is to evaluate the investment sustenance capacity of Berhampur Municipality with reference to the identified projects given in CIP. The FOP generated under is in full consonance with City's Vision & approach to development and priorities and action plans approved by the stakeholders. .

to the retired employees. Overall the development work has been affected due to lack of adequate funds. The holding tax is not yet revised since long due to certain difficulties. This Municipality is over burdened with different loans and payment of provident Fund & gratuity etc. .` ` The financing part of the city is very poor and the water supply part is very challenging because the water source are very far from the city so government have to make adequate arrangements for bringing water from the sources and piping arrangements should be increased.

(2008) Report of GOI-UNDP Orissa project. Hyderabad. .` ` Report of Administrtive Staff College of India.

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