:HISTORY: y Established in 1979 as part of Desert Development Programe to assist soil and water Conservation Planning in the State. . y SRSAC earlier known as Aerial Photo Interpretation Laboratory (APIL) . y In 1985 the laboratory was transferred with staff to State Department of Science and Technology and renamed as State Remote Sensing Application Centre (SRSAC).

M) which are reflected/scattered or emitted by an object. y Major elements are: - 1.y BASICS OF REMOTE SENSING y Introduction: y Remote Sensing refers to the sensing or detection of electromagnetic radiation (E.Data processing &analysis .Data acquisition 2.

Space borne & Ground borne) .Data acquisition process: ‡Source of energy ‡Energy in EM radiation ‡Propagation of radiation through earth station ‡Sensors (Active &Passive) ‡Platform (Air borne.

3 to 15 micrometer is Known as Optical region. This is the region in which all the objects on the surface of the earth. under natural conditions. spectrum: The portion of E. spectrum extending in wavelength from 0. radiation as according to frequency.M.Electromagnetic Spectrum: The E. Wavelength energy. either reflect incident solar radiations or emit radiations .M. M. M. the true reasons that are currently being exploited are: y Optical region (wavelength 300nm to 1500 nm) y Microwave region (1mm to 1m) Optical region of E. Spectrum is defined as of the E.

Spectrum:This region comprising of the wavelength from 1mm to 1m is termed as microwave region. This makes it possible to detect the radiation emanating from below the soil .M. Microwave can penetrate solid & unconsolidated earth materials.ReMicrowave region of E.snow & ice cover thus opens up possibilities for much application Remote Sensing platform:There are 3 aspects of Remote Sensing platform:y Air borne platform y Space borne platform y Ground borne platform .

emitted by object receiving & returning energy from the sun. It is an array of E.M) which is reflected.M radiation Airborne Remote Sensing: In this art of science a camera held on an airplane takes photographs. Ground borne Remote Sensing:Ground borne remote sensing system for earth resources study is mainly used for collecting the ground truth or arbitrary simulation studies. The suns energy is commonly referred to as E.Space borne Remote Sensing: In this type of remote sensing objects are sensed from space by a satellite through various types of sensors .It is concerned with the measurement of suns energy (E.The height of the plane depends upon scale of photography required.M spectrum. Platforms may be divided into 2 categories:y Geostationary y Polar orbiting or Synchronous . The successive photographs of the terrain are taken in such a way direction & that a 60% overlap in forward 30% overlap in lateral direction of flight line are taken so as to have stereoscopic view (3 D) & full coverage .


salt affected area. erosion Soil conservation planning Water resources Forest & Vegetation mapping Urban planning monitoring & change detection .y y y y y y y y y y y Application of Remote sensing :Remote Sensing has applications in following fields:Agriculture Land use & land cover Geology & geomorphology Land degradation studies.

Applications of Remote Sensing .

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