Network of Excellence in Training

Wellbore Fluids Management
Fluid Systems

Water-Based Polymer Fluids

2 .Water-Based Polymer Fluids ‡ At the end of this lecture. All Rights Reserved . 4 .Explain how to recognise and treat a variety of contamination types (including salt water influx and cement).Demonstrate knowledge of the differences among the various polymer groups. 1 . YOU will be able to. 2 © COPYRIGHT 2000. 3 .Demonstrate knowledge of the fluid additives used to maintain water-based muds.List the key performance indicators for these mud systems and how they can be maintained within stated limits.

All Rights Reserved .Water-Based Polymer Fluids Formulations Base Fluids Weight Viscosity Fluid Loss Physico-Chemistry Non-Inhibitive Clear Water Bentonite/Water Native Chemical Mud Barite Bentonite Bentonite pH Cacium Carbonate Polymers Polymers Alkalinity Thinners Inhibitive Calcium Based Potassium Based Salt Water Based Deflocculants Flocculants LCM Lubricity Contamination Control Surfactants 3 © COPYRIGHT 2000.

All Rights Reserved .Base Fluids Non-Inhibitive Water-Based Fluids Advantages Disadvantages ‡Inexpensive per barrel ‡High dilution factors ‡Products readily available ‡Overall costs can be higher ‡Easy to use ‡Impair productivity 4 © COPYRIGHT 2000.

Base Fluids Inhibitive Water-Based Fluids ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Advantages higher solids tolerance easily weighted inhibits clay/shale hydration ‡ contamination resistance 5 ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Disadvantages filtration control foaming suspension corrosion w/low pH possible high ECDs increasing additive dosages disposal © COPYRIGHT 2000. All Rights Reserved .

Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based Fluids Polymer Fluids ‡ Non-Dispersed Ben-Ex muds Low Solids PAC/CMC muds Low Solids PHPA muds Various proprietary systems ‡ HTDeflocculated 6 © COPYRIGHT 2000. All Rights Reserved .

Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based Fluids Non-Dispersed Polymer Muds ‡ Advantages ‡ high ROP in hard formations ‡ shear thinning/low ECD ‡ Good hole cleaning ‡ Easy to run ‡ Easily converted ‡ Does not disperse solids ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Disadvantages Limited use Polymers lost to clays/shales Low Temperature stability Solids Intolerant Fluid loss control expensive More corrosive Intolerant to contamination Density increases difficult © COPYRIGHT 2000. All Rights Reserved 7 .

scleroglucan. All Rights Reserved . guar gum ‡ CMC/PAC. polyacrylamides (PHPA). succinoglucan. vinyl's. © COPYRIGHT 2000. etc. HP-guar ‡ polyacrylates. Xanthan gum. AMPS. modifiedstarches. styrene's. HEC.Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based Fluids Polymers as additives By Polymer Type ‡ Natural Polymer ‡ Modified Natural Polymers ‡ Synthetic Polymers 8 ‡ starch.

All Rights Reserved .Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based Fluids Polymers as additives By Polymer Primary Function ‡ Rheology Control ‡ modified starch ‡ Xanthan gum ‡ scleroglucan ‡ HEC ‡ HP-guar ‡ polyacrylates 9 ‡ Fluids Loss Chemical Activity Control ‡polyacrylates ‡ CMC/PAC ‡polyacrylamides ‡ polyacrylates ‡ starch ‡ modified starch © COPYRIGHT 2000.

Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based/Polymer Fluids Additives ‡ Density ‡ Barite ‡ Calcium Carbonate ‡ Hematite ‡ Salts ‡ Galena ‡ Illmenite 1 0 © COPYRIGHT 2000. All Rights Reserved .

All Rights Reserved .Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based/Polymer Fluids Other Additives ‡ lubricants ‡ lost circulation materials ‡ ROP enhancers ‡ stuck pipe additives ‡ surfactants 1 1 © COPYRIGHT 2000.

All Rights Reserved . Contaminant Cost Operation Logistics 1 2 © COPYRIGHT 2000.Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based Fluids Contamination ‡ Tolerance ‡ Treatment Mud Type vs.

Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based Fluids Contamination ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ High Solids Cement Carbonates Saltwater/Salt Temperature Gypsum/Anhyd rite ‡ Acid Gases ‡ major dilution. SAPP. lime/gyp treatments. dilute. add lime for CO2 1 3 © COPYRIGHT 2000. pH ‡ pH to 10. dilute ‡ increase pH. All Rights Reserved . dilute ‡ density. HT additives ‡ treat w/bicarb/soda ash. improve solids control ‡ treat w/bicarb.7. polymers ‡ reduce solids/MBT. lignosulfonate.

Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based Fluids Cement Contamination ‡ Identification ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ increasing fluid loss high pH high Pm/Pf alkalinity high calcium ‡ Treatment ‡ bicarb ‡ SAPP ‡ add thinners ‡ reduce the pH 1 4 © COPYRIGHT 2000. All Rights Reserved .

Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based Fluids Salt Water Flows ‡ Identification ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ increasing fluid loss drop in pH drop in Pm/Pf alkalinity increase chlorides CO2 ‡ Treatment ‡ add fluid loss controller ‡ adjust the pH ‡ add salt tolerant polymers ‡ dilute if necessary ‡ increase pH. All Rights Reserved . add lime Increase the mud weight 1 5 © COPYRIGHT 2000.

Drilling Fluids Basics Water-Based Fluids Performance Indicators ‡ Solids Content ‡ Chloride/Cation Content ‡ Suspension. carrying capacity.type and amount ‡ determines the effectiveness of additives. inhibition effectiveness ‡ can get on a roller coaster ‡ excessive ECDs are a problem 1 6 © COPYRIGHT 2000. and ECD ‡ Gel Strengths ‡ The most critical . All Rights Reserved .

List the key performance indicators for these mud systems and how they can be maintained within stated limits. 1 7 © COPYRIGHT 2000. YOU should be able to.Water-Based Fluids ‡ Now. 1 .Demonstrate knowledge of the differences among the various polymer groups. All Rights Reserved .Demonstrate knowledge of the fluid additives used to maintain water-based muds. 3 . 2 . 4 .Explain how to recognise and treat a variety of contamination types (including salt water influx and cement).

Network of Excellence in Training Any questions before the test? The test is Closed Book . .please put away your notes now.