You are on page 1of 47

After I won the Oscar, my salary doubled, my friends tripled,

my children became more popular at school, my butcher made a pass at me, and my maid hit me up for a raise. Shirley Jones Develop success from failures. Discouragement and failure are two of the surest stepping stones to success. Dale Carnegie Formal education will make you a living; self-education will make you a fortune. Jim Rohn I don't know the key to success, but the key to failure is trying to please everybody. Bill Cosby I've failed over and over and over again in my life and that is why I succeed. Michael Jordan

If you want to achieve things in life, you've just got to do

them, and if you're talented and smart, you'll succeed. Juliana Hatfield One secret of success in life is for a man to be ready for his opportunity when it comes. Benjamin Disraeli Success is simple. Do what's right, the right way, at the right time. Arnold H. Glasow Success to me is having ten honeydew melons and eating only the top half of each slice. Barbra Streisand

Unemployment as defined by

the International Labor organization (ILO) occurs when people are without jobs and they have actively looked for work within the past four weeks.
Unemployment rate is a

measure of the prevalence of unemployment , calculated as a percentage by dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in the labor force.

Unemployment rates for women are higher than those for men. WPR was 31% in Rural and 14% in Urban compared to 56% for women in both urban and rural areas. The incidence of unemployment among the educated is much higher than the overall unemployment.

There are more than 1 billion young people aged 15-24 in the world today, and 89 per cent of them live in developing countries The youth labour force participation rate declined from 58.9 to 54.7 per cent between 1995 and 2005, mainly as a result of young people staying longer in education. But this has not sufficed to improve their employment prospects dividing the number of unemployed individuals by all individuals currently in the labour force. In 2005, of the 657 million in the youth labour force, 85 million were unemployed (13.5 per cent). The incidence of unemployment is much higher in urban areas than in rural areas. Source :wikigender

Sl. No.

State/Union Territory 1Andhra Pradesh 2Arunachal Pradesh 3Assam 4Bihar 5Chhattisgarh 6Delhi 7Goa 8Gujarat 9Haryana 10Himachal Pradesh 11Jammu & Kashmir 12Jharkhand 13Karnataka 14Kerala 15Madhya Pradesh 16Maharashtra 17Manipur 18Meghalaya 19Mizoram 20Nagaland 21Orissa 22Punjab 23Rajasthan 24Sikkim 25Tamil Nadu 26Tripura 27Uttarakhand 28Uttar Pradesh 29West Bengal 30A&N Islands 31Chandigarh 32Dadra & Nagar Haveli 33Daman & Diu 34Lakshadweep 35Puducherry All India

Rural 1.8 2.5 6.8 4.3 1.3 5.1 26 1.4 5.5 4.2 4.1 3.7 1.5 26.8 1 2.7 2.6 0.7 0.8 5.5 10.2 9.7 1.8 6.4 3.5 32.1 3.3 1.5 6 13.2 6.2 6.9 0.6 16.7 18.3 4

Urban 8.5 4.8 19.9 17.4 7.6 10.8 18.5 4.9 9.3 9.7 13.6 18.6 6.4 32.5 7.3 8.4 17.4 10.7 4.8 18.9 31.7 10.5 6.2 7.9 8.2 60.1 12.2 7.4 13.2 21.5 13.9 7.9 4.9 45.5 25.5 10.1

Child labour is most rampant in Asia with

44.6 million or 13% percent of its children doing In India 14.4 % children between 10 and 14 years of age are employed in child labor In Bangladesh 30.1%, in China 11.6%,in Pakistan 17.7%, in Turkey 24%, in Cote D lvoire 20.5%, in Egypt 11.2%, in Kenya 41.3% , in Nigeria 25.8%, in Senegal 31.4%, in Argentina 4.5%, in Brazil 16.1%, in Mexico 6.7%, in Italy 0.4% and in Portugal 1.8%. Common causes of child labour are poverty, parental illiteracy, social apathy, ignorance, lack of education and exposure, exploitation of cheap and unorganized labor. The family practice to inculcate traditional skills in children also pulls little ones inexorably in the trap of child labor, as they never get the opportunity to learn anything else.

The Indian Constitution provides a quota system whereby a certain number of

posts in the Government/public sector units, in all public and private educational institutions, (except in the religious/ linguistic minority educational institutions) in order to mitigate backwardness of the socially and educationally backward communities and the Scheduled Castes and Tribes. After India gained independence, the Constitution of India listed some particular groups as Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) The Constitution laid down 15% and 7.5% of vacancies to government aided educational institutes and for jobs in the government/public sector, as reserved quota for the SC and ST candidates respectively for a period of five years, after which the situation was to be reviewed. This period was routinely extended by the succeeding governments. The central government of India reserves 50% of seats in central institutes of higher education, and individual states may legislate further reservations. Reservation cannot exceed 50%, as per the rulings given by the supreme court certain Indian states like Rajasthan have proposed a 68 % reservation which includes a 14% reservation for forward castes. Wikipedia

Mr Azim Premjee chairman of Wipro Ltd.

STATUTORY WARNING:IF YOU ARE A PRODUCT OF THE QUOTA SYSTEM PLEASE DONT TAKE IT PERSONALLY. THIS IS A COMMENT ON THE SYSTEM AND NOT ON YOU IN PARTICULAR. * I think we should have job reservations in all the fields. I completely support the PM and all the politicians for promoting this. Let s start the reservation with our cricket team. We should have 10 percent reservation for Muslims. 30 percent for OBC, SC /ST like that. Cricket rules should be modified accordingly. The boundary circle should be reduced for an SC/ST player. The four hit by an SC/ST/OBC player should be considered as a six and a six hit by a SC/ST/OBC player should be counted as 8 runs. An SC/ST/OBC player scoring 60 runs should be declared as a century. We should influence ICC and make rules so that the pace bowlers like Shoaib Akhtar should not bowl fast balls to our SC/ST/OBC player. Bowlers should bowl maximum speed of 80 kilometer per hour to an SC/ST/OBC player. Any delivery above this speed should be made illegal. Also we should have reservation in Olympics. In the 100 meters race, an SC/ST/OBC player should be given a gold medal if he runs 80 meters. There can be reservation in Government jobs also. Let s recruit SC/ST and OBC pilots for aircrafts which are carrying the ministers and politicians (that can really help the country.. ) Ensure that only SC/ST and OBC doctors do the operations for the ministers and other politicians. (Another way of saving the country..) Let s be creative and think of ways and means to guide INDIA forward Let s show the world that INDIA is a GREAT country. Let s be proud of being an INDIAN.. May the good breed of politicians long live.. *

Corruption is the abuse of public power for private gain. Corruption comes under many different guises: bribery, misappropriations of public goods, nepotism (favoring family members for jobs and contracts), and influencing the formulation of laws or regulations for private gain are common examples of wrongdoing or misconduct. Between $1 trillion and $1.6 trillion dollars are lost globally each year to illegal activities, according to World Bank estimates Corruption decreases the amount of wealth in a country and lowers the standard of living. Corruption affects you even if you don't come into direct contact with it,how it effects you : Discourages businesses from operating in a corrupt setting, reducing the overall wealth in a country. Reduces the amount of money the government has available to pay workers and buy supplies, such as books, medicine and computers. Distorts the way the government uses its money, lowering the quality of the services it provides: schools, health clinics, roads, sewer systems, police. Allows those with money or connections to bend the law or government rules in their favor. Undermines everyone's trust in government

In Economics, the term recession generally describes the reduction of a country Gross Domestic product for atleast two quarters National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) is the official According to them recession is Significant decline in Economic activity lasting more than few month which normally visible in real GDP,real income,Employment,Industrial production and whole sale and retail sales In February 2008 63000 jobs were lost. In September 2008 159000jobs were lost. On September 5,2008 the United state department of labor issued a report that its unemployment rose to 10.90% highest in five years. General motors cut 2000 jobs Foot wear industry cut 5450 jobs Pfizer shredded 19000 jobs Philips cut 6000 jobs after first loss over a half decade

Growth in Global Working Age Population (15-64)

Stock Position 2005 World India Africa China South East Asia Latin America Southern Asia USA Europe Japan 4,168

Addition to Working Age Population by 2010




934 362 359 132 200 497 85

-3 -5 45 95 145
In Million

33 31 17 10 0





Countries worldwide are anticipating a shortage of working population in the future. India is expected to emerge as a clear winner, and by 2050, it will have the largest working age population.

At Individual level
Mental stress Loss of Self Esteem Directly linked to Poverty and malnutrition 37.2% of the population (about 410 million people) remains poor, making India home to one third of the world s poor people people below poverty line: about 260 million (acc. to AB Vajpayee feb 04) - poor living in India: one quarter of the world's poor [BBC Aug 04] - people living on less than 1 Euro per day (50-55 Rs) 2004: about 30 % of population - * number of people in India living on less than 50 pence per day: about 300 million [BBC News Night, Oct 2006] - number of people living in slums: 150 million [BBC 15 sep 2004] - people in Mumbai living in shanty towns, open spaces, or on pavements: 50% of Mumbai's population [BBC, Nov 2005]

At Individual level
- world's largest slum: located in Mumbai; Dharavi, 432 acres - number of inhabited buildings declared as dangerous or dilapidated in Mumbai: 19,000 [BBC; Sep 2005] - number of children in India who die before the age of 5: 63 out of 1000 according to UN report [BBC; Sep 2005] - children under 3 years of age in Orissa severely malnourished: 21 % (Feb 04, acc to National Family Health Survey); or 3.8 % (acc. to data collected by the state) - tribal children below the age of six who have died of malnourishment-related causes in 15 districts of Maharashtra: 9,000 (between Apr 2003 and May 2004) - number of street children in Delhi: 150,000 estimate [BBC; Sep 2005

At Social level
Civil Unrest Law & Order Problem Eg: Naxalites, Crime, Thefts etc Trade barriers :protectionism in case of height unemployment, for immigrants Report says that crime rate from 1953 to 2006. The report noted that burglary declined over a period of 53 years by 38% (from 1,47,379 in 1953 to 91,666 in 2006), whereas murder has increased by 231% (from 9,803 in 1953 to 32,481 in 2006).[Kidnapping has increased by 356% (from 5,261 in 1953 to 23,991 in 2006), robbery by 120% (from 8,407 in 1953 to 18,456 in 2006) and riots by 176% (from 20,529 in 1953 to 56,641 in 2006). In 2006, 51,02,460 cognizable crimes were committed including 18,78,293 Indian Penal Code (IPC) crimes and 32,24,167 Special & Local Laws (SLL) crimes, with an increase of 1.5% over 2005 (50,26,337). IPC crime rate in 2006 was 167.7 compared to 165.3 in 2005 showing an increase of 1.5% in 2006 over 2005.[ SLL crime rate in 2006 was 287.9 compared to 290.5 in 2005 showing a decline of 0.9% in 2006 over 2005. National crime records Bureau


Limitatio to t

Surv y

y The first limitation is that the accuracy of the project and conclusion is

totally dependent on the accuracy of data collected and data analysis. y Due to time constraint the survey is confirmed to measures the respondents were selected randomly and therefore might not be a true representation of total consumers due to such a large universe. y Over projections by the respondent to impress the surveyor is also possible. y The recommendation is given totally based on the information collected through questionnaires and personal interviews.

Age Group
31-40 35 21-25 73

26-30 78

Under Graduate 14

Post Graduate 78

Graduate 94

180 160 140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0


8 Home maker Salaried

Self employed



19 1 0-2 3-4 5-7 6-8

What is Success
Status Position Higher salary Higher position Happiness of family 5 4 3 46 128

On what basis you will hire a candidate

138 3 26 17 2

Which mode youth use today for applying jobs

Placement 74

Reference 20 Job Portal 79 Direct application 3 Placement/Job portal 10

Youth participation in employment wage programs like NREG,MGNREGA increased?

Yes 71

No 115

When asked to identify the types of skills / attributes that employers are looking for, the participants identified the following qualities
Work experience of any kind Work experience of all kind Training certificate Good interpersonal skills Ability to work quickly 45 2 54

21 64

In house training & orientation changes the perception of youth towards success
No 31

Yes 155

How long you have been without job or job seeking job
120 100 80 60 40 20 26 0 1 1 year Less than 6 months 8 more than a year One year #N/A 39


Why you were unsuccessful in finding a job

you don t have right skills 11 you don t have the right people,employers hire friends and family 8 Salary does not match expectation 26 you don t have experience 21

you don t do well in interviews 23

There are jobs but you don't have enough information about available jobs 65

You are living too far 14 There are not enough jobs 15

You don t have enough education 3

Reasons for youth changing the job frequently

134 20 1 lack of training at the time joining the job lack of traning

29 2 lack of transport facilities Transport facility

Work culture doesn't suit

Slow economic growth any way related to unemployment

NO 62

Yes 124

Female education and family planning will eradicate unemployment?





Unemployment promotes alcohol, drug abuse,suicides,thefts and crime in India

NO 36 Yes 97

To Some extent 53

Corruption is one of the cause of unemployment?

140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 No 64 Yes 122

Nepotism is one of the cause of unemployment?

No 48

Yes 108

To Some extent 30

Illiteracy is the cause of unemployment cause of unemployment?









Campus interviews play an important role in promoting employment?

NO 7

Yes 179

Quota is the cause of Unemployment?

140 120 100 80 60 40 20 0 No 44 14 To some extent Yes 128

Child labor is the cause of Unemployment?

Yes 77 NO 109

Advanced teaching skills are necessary to be implied in schools?

no 12

Yes 174

Global Economic crisis is the cause of unemployment?

NO 48

Yes 138

Is there a decline in unemployment?













In your view who is responsible for taking action?

92 21

7 3 6


Related Interests