School Outreach Programme Auroville Water Harvest 2005
Did you know that the water you drank this morning might have been the same water a dinosaur drank millions of years ago? There is the same amount of water on Earth today as there has always been. The water keeps moving around in an endless cycle called the water cycle.
THE WATER CYCLE
Water evaporates from oceans, rivers and lakes (water in its liquid form) and rises into the atmosphere (water in its gas form) where it condenses to form clouds. Precipitation then falls to the earth in the form of rain (water in its liquid) or snow (water in its solid form) where it flows into oceans, rivers and lakes and the process begins again
Moisture over land Evapotranspiration
Moisture over land
Evaporation from ocean
74% is in glaciers and icecaps 0. It's true! 96. only a small amount is available for us to use.Amount of fresh water in the world «
Of all the water on Earth.8% is fresh water! That 2.0132% is in lakes and streams (we can use some of this water) 1.5% of the Earth's water supply is salt water.001% is water vapor
.8% is divided like this: 0. Only 2.76% is groundwater (we can use some of this water) 0.
Pollution of water
DOMESTIC POLLUTION Safe water supply Sanitation ± open defecation Drainage Solid waste disposal
AGRICULTURE POLLUTION Pesticides Fertilisers Over extraction of ground water
Chemicals Untreated water Ground water contamination
8 million people die from diarrhoeal death where 90% are children. We cannot live without water for more than 24 hours. 1. inadequate sanitation and hygiene.
.Water and health
The body is comprised of 75%of water. 88% is attributed to unsafe water supply.
How water is linked to health
rinking dirty water leads to ill health. water sources like latrines near hand pumps or taps can contaminate the water from the ground.
. washing hands before eating.
Household wastes near homes leading to breeding ground for flies. No proper drainage near homes ± stagnant water where mosquitoes breed.
Leaving drinking water containers uncovered.
How to avoid health problems «
Protect all drinking water sources Drink water from only protected water sources Wash hands after going to the toilet Use toilets ± don¶t openly defecate Wash hands before eating Wash vegetables well before cooking Cover all food
Have bath daily Comb hair daily Brush teeth daily twice Cut your nails Wash hands with soap after going to toilet Wash hands before eating Wear clean clothes
Don¶t defecate in the open Always wash yourself Use toilets where they are Don¶t defecate near water sources Dispose of your waste in a responsible manner Reuse your bathing water
Don¶t throw your household waste near drinking water sources Clean your house and surroundings daily Don¶t throw paper. households wastes into open drains that run through the street Throw litter into a bin and dispose of it properly Don¶t cut down trees but grow more plants See that the drains are not blocked
o you know «.
Today she has less than 1500 and it will get lesser in the future.
than 1 billion people in the world have no access to improved water sources and nearly 2/3 live in Asia. an Indian citizen had 5000 cubic meters of water at her disposal.In 1955.
Because there is not enough water left for everyone«... So we must try to conserve water and harvest rain
whenever we can
.Why do you think so «.
population growth and climate change are placing increasing demands on our water supplies. It's important that we do not take this precious resource for granted and that we all use water wisely to ensure that there is enough for everyone in years to come.
.Using water wisely Lifestyle choices.
Saving water starts with
. vegetables in a pan of water rather than running water
Collect the water you use for rinsing produce and reuse it to water houseplants.
Check your water meter and track your bills
Time your shower to keep it under 5 minutes.
. don't throw the old water down the drain. Use it to water your trees or shrubs. don't let the water run while you lather. When you are washing your hands. You'll save up to 4000 ltrs a month. When you give your pet fresh water.
You waste 6 liters a minutes with running water. Turn off the water while you brush your teeth and wash your face. Keep water in a mug.
Turn off the water while you soap and shampoo yourself. Check all taps and pipes for leakages. You can save more than 200 ltrs a week. A dripping tap can waste 140 liters a week.
REMEMBER ± every drop counts
o one thing every day
that will save water.
Do you know how much water it takes to «
Bath Brushing teeth with tap running Brushing teeth with water from mug Dripping tap Washing machines 50 lts 6 lts per min 1 lt 140 lts per week 65 lts
Why do we need to harvest rainwater?
The rain used to fall on the ground and slowly seep inside till the underground storages were filled up.The ultimate source of water that we utilise in our daily life is from the monsoons. But today.
. there are more building and roads and less water is being able to seep inside.
The result being that there is less and less water for us to use.At the same time.
. people are drawing out more and more water from the underground storages.
.ur duty is to see that we can get enough water to use and also have some left for the future.
water can be used in non monsoon months.You can do something to save the environment Save Water : Reduce the demands on scarce and ground water sources.
erosion and storm water run-off
natural resource presently wasted ground water
water conservation &
water that would
otherwise lead to flooding.
.How do we harvest rain? Simple «.
simply put a tank/drum beneath where the rainwater runs off your roof and you have started harvesting. Once you have a container.Catch it in anything that holds waters.
Methods of saving water
Rain water harvesting in Chennai and Bangalore
We need to protect nature or else we get fucked up Nature fucked up ± we pretty big fuck up
We depend on nature for life.
Wastes) into different containers Dig a pit and put organic wastes in to it with a layer of soil ± can be used for compost Don¶t burn plastic or bury it Recycle paper. plastic. glass
.. metal.Solid waste management
Separate solid wet and solid dry (organic and «.
What schools can do «
Form committees for drinking water and sanitation These committees will be in charge of the school and see that the drinking water areas and toilets are maintained well. Ensure that the school practices water conservation and water harvesting Have exhibitions in their own schools for the neighbourhood
MAKING PONDICHERRY WATER FRIENDLY