Optical Instrument

Eyes
‡ All of the camera parts are in our eyes (humans are plagiarized the perfect optical instrument, in this case are eyes).

Eye parts
‡ Cornea
Cornea is the part of eye with transparent characteristic. It function is to cover the eye. It is tear-stained.

‡ Aqueous liquid
Placed behind the cornea, it function is to refracts the coming light so that focused on the eye lens.

‡ Iris
It has much pigment and placed behind the cornea. Pigment is determines the color of humans eyes.

‡ Pupil
Placed in the center of iris, pupil can dilates and declines its size (depends on the coming light). If there is much light pupil will be declined and if there is lack of light pupil will be dilated.

‡ Retina
Formed from the membrane contained sense cells, retina is used as a screen to forms the shadow.

‡ Crystalline Lens
It is an eye lens formed from transparent, fibrous, and elastic material. It used to focusing the shadow on retina (with curving and thinning the lens).

Visually impaired
‡ Normal eyes will see clearly in the nearest distance of 25 cm and in the farthest distance of infinity. ‡ People who can t see clearly the very near object and very far object or both are called people with flawed eye(s).

‡ Myopia
It is one of flawed eye(s) types that is unclear to see the very far object. It happened because the eyeball is too thick so the shadow is arrived in front of retina. Concave or negative lens is the need of myopia sufferer.

‡ Hyper-myopia
It is one of flawed eye(s) types that is unclear to see the very near object. It happened because the eyeball is too flat so the shadow is arrived behind the retina. Convex or positive lens is the need of hyper-myopia sufferer.

‡ Presbyopia
It is one of flawed eye(s) types that is unclear to see the very far and very near object. It happened because the eyeball is too weak to thickened and flattened because of age factor. Concave and convex or negative and positive lens is the need of presbyopia sufferer.

Camera
‡ A camera is a device that records images, either as a still photograph or as moving images known as videos or movies. ‡ Cameras may work with the light of the visible spectrum or with other portions of the electromagnetic spectrum.

‡ A camera generally consists of an enclosed hollow with an opening (aperture) at one end for light to enter, and a recording or viewing surface for capturing the light at the other end. ‡ A majority of cameras have a lens positioned in front of the camera's opening to gather the incoming light and focus all or part of the image on the recording surface.

‡ The diameter of the aperture is often controlled by a diaphragm mechanism, but some cameras have a fixed-size aperture. ‡ A typical still camera takes one photo each time the user presses the shutter button. A typical movie camera continuously takes 24 film frames per second as long as the user holds down the shutter button, or until the shutter button is pressed a second time.

Loop
‡ A magnifying glass (called a hand lens in laboratory contexts) is a convex lens which is used to produce a magnified image of an object. The lens is usually mounted in a frame with a handle

Microscope
‡ A microscope is an instrument to see objects too small for the naked eye. The science of investigating small objects using such an instrument is called microscopy. ‡ Microscopic means invisible to the eye unless aided by a microscope.

Periscope
‡ A periscope is an instrument for observation from a concealed position. In its simplest form, it consists of a tube in each end of which are mirrors set parallel to each other at 45 degree angle

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