Introduction

India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters on account of its unique geo-climatic conditions 

  

RISK ASSESSMENT 60% of the landmass is prone to earthquakes 40 million hectares is prone to floods About 8% of the total area is prone to cyclones 68% of the area is susceptible to drought

The biggest problem with the disasters is the suddenness and swiftness with which they arrive. Hence, in order to reduce the severity of a disaster the response also has to equally swift

FLOODS

BE PREPARED 
Find out if you live in a flood prone area.  Stockpile emergency building materials.  Plan and practice an evacuation route.  Have emergency supplies on hand.  Develop an emergency communication plan  Make sure that all family members know how to respond after a flood or flash flood

What to do during an evacuation???

EARTHQUAKES

BE PREPARED 
Become aware of fire evacuation and earthquake plans of your society  Practice cover and hold on in each safe place  Shut off the gas valves  Handy emergency supplies kit

What to do during an evacuation???

TSUNAMI

BE PREPARED

‡ Plan evacuation routes ‡ Move quickly to higher ground away from the coast ‡ Use the media

DURING A TSUNAMI WARNING???

DROUGHT

BE PREPARED
‡ Examine your water use efficiency and irrigation needs ‡ Keep up-to-date forage inventories. Accurate forage inventories help you determine feed supplies during a drought ‡ Consider alternative on-farm related businesses

During Draught ‡ Adjust fertilizer rates ‡ Protect livestock from heat ‡ Consider alternative crops

MAN-MADE DISASTER

What can you do to prepare?

‡ Create an emergency communications plan ‡ Establish a meeting place ‡ Check on the school emergency plan of any school-age children you may have

If disaster strikes
‡ Follow the advice of local emergency officials. ‡ If the disaster occurs near you, check for injuries. Give first aid and get help for seriously injured people. ‡ Another useful preparation includes learning some basic first aid. ‡ People who may have come into contact with a biological or chemical agent may need to go through a decontamination procedure and receive medical attention

INDIAN EXPERIENCE
Some of the ongoing initiatives of Government of India with support from various stakeholders are: a. Inclusion of Disaster Management in the curriculum b. Training of teachers

Conclusion

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