3G OPTIMIZATION GUIDELINES

3G OPTIMIZATION OVERVIEW
Network Optimization Capacity Management

Netact OSS

Performance Monitoring

NETWORK OPTIMIZATION

OBJECTIVE

Poor Quality

Poor Coverage

Optimum Area

Poor Coverage

COVERAGE & DOMINANCE
Drive Test Measurement
Coverage problem area

A

No
Best server¶s CPICH RSCP> 95 dBm

Coverage area optimization

Yes No

B C
Dominance area optimization

Best server¶s Ec/No > -10 dB

Yes
4th Best server¶s Ec/No < 6 dB (ref to Best server)

No

Dominance area optimization

Yes

Dominance problem area (Low best server Ec/No)

Complete Measurement Analysis

Dominance problem area (High best server Ec/No)

drop call and degradation to the PS throughput Items required for analysis  RSCP and Ec/No plots for best server on map  Plot of RSCP vs Ec/No to have quick understanding of the problem  Measurement log files Solution  Up-tilting. HO failure.BLOCK A   Task  To identify area where RSCP is less than ±95 dBm and to optimize the coverage of that affected area Reason  Area where RSCP is less than ±95 dBm and poor Ec/No value would be consider coverage problematic area or has poor coverage  This would lead to call set up failure. panning and height of antenna changes  Increase CPICH power  Antenna type changing to a higher gain  Check missing neighbors  Use NetAct to check coverage prediction by changing the inputs of the site  Use the MapInfo/UMTS tool for antenna tilting to estimate coverage improvement (optional)   .

decrease CPICH of interfering cells  Check for missing neighbors  Check co-scrambling code  Change antenna type to lower gain   . drop call and degradation to the PS throughput Items required for analysis  Plots of Ec/No and RSCP for best server on map  Plots of Ec/No of each scrambling in the affected area  Plots RSCP vs Ec/No  Measurement log files Solution  Down-tilting.BLOCK B   Tasks  To identify area which RSCP > -95 dBm but Ec/No < -10 dB and to optimize the affected area Reasons  In this area problems are more on the dominance and pilot pollution  This would lead to call set up failure. panning and antenna height changes  Increase CPICH of serving cell. HO failure.

BLOCK C  Task  To identify the 4th best server is < 6dB to the reference of best server and optimize the area  Reasons  To meet the KPI  Too many best servers would cause unnecessary HO  Wasting resources (hardware channels. panning and antenna height changed  Increase CPICH of serving cell. decrease CPICH of interfering cells  Use MapInfo/UMTS to generate the percentage  Antenna type change to lower gain . Iub capacity etc)  Item required for analysis  Measurement log file  Solution  Down-tilting.

CAPACITY MANAGEMENT .

BLOCKING POINTS IN 3G NETWORK .

§ AVE _ PRXTOT _ CLASS _ k v PRXTOT _ DENOM _ k RNC_101b ! Average UL Load (in dBm) ! k ! All _ Classes § PRXTOT _ DENOM _ k k ! All _ Classes ?dBm A RNC_102b Average DL Load (in dBm) ! k! All _ Classes § AVE _ PTXTOT _ CLASS _ k v PTXTOT _ DENOM _ k ?dBmA § PTXTOT _ DENOM _ k k ! All _ Classes .NODE B LOADING: UL/DL LOADING (1)  Depends on the dimensioning. UL Load = 50% & DL Load = 65%.  Counters & KPIs that needs to be monitored. typically.

NODE B LOADING: UL/DL LOADING (2)  Counters that will be triggered if there is a limitation on the Node B load/Power.  Feature Dynamic Allocation such as Power WPA from Call Setup Failure due to Radio Interface resource shortage would be triggered in RRC and RAB call setup failure cause ³AC´ .  Solutions:  Upgrade 20W to 40W  Parameter Tuning.

L 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 8 12 16 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 9 10 11 8 8 13 14 15 9 9 10 10 1 1 1 11 11 1 1 1 12 12 1 1 1 16 16 1 1 1 14 14 2 2 2 15 15 2 2 2 16 16 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 8 9 10 11 12 16 14 15 16 1 2 8 9 10 11 12 16 14 15 16 1 2 Common channels (for 3 carriers) HS PA 5 codes HS PA associated CH (16 users.NODE B CAPACITY: CHANNEL ELEMENT (1) WSPC 1 WSPC 2 L L L 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 2 3 4 1 1 1 1 10 5 6 7 2 2 2 2 11 3 3 3 3 12 4 4 4 4 13 5 5 5 5 14 6 6 6 6 15 7 7 7 7 16 Example baseband configuration with 2 W SPC cards Associated dedicated channels are required for HS PA users: 16 kbps L for uplink power control and SRB and 64«384 kbps L channel for TCP ACK¶s and uplink user data and SRB HS PA and associated CHs effectively balance the baseband L/ L resource consumption even if the traffic is L oriented. 16 kbps L. 128 kbps L) 384 / 64 kbps CH users (2 users) .

 Parameter tuning.NODE B CAPACITY: CHANNEL ELEMENT (2)  Counters/KPI that needs to be monitored in case of lack of CEs  Solutions:  Upgrade WSPC or add more CEs. .

CHANNELIZATION CODES (1) Code Blocking Monitoring Code Occupancy Monitoring Average Occupancy Formula _113a ! § £ ¢ ¥¤§ ¨§ ¦¥¤   ¡ ¡    £ ¢ ¥¤§   ¡ ¡    § _ I Y   ¦© _ _ I Y v100? A % .

If available. go for a 2nd Carrier Add more sites (Macrosite. . Microcell Site or In-building Site).CHANNELIZATION CODES (2)  Call Setup Failure due to Channelisation Code congestion would be triggered in RRC and RAB call setup failure cause ³BTS´  1) 2) Possible Solution: The code tree is per cell per carrier.

IuB INTERFACE(1) AAL2 connections are allocated and released by ATM Resource Management which will check AAL2 reservation using CAC. M550 measurement reports RNC CAC resource usage for Iub AAL2 user plane traffic downlink In RAS06. The measurement can also be used to detect interfaces that are congested and cause traffic loss. the new ATM Interface measurement (M532) gives indication of the ATM interface traffic load by reporting the traffic volumes and the bandwidth available for a specific interface. Congestion can be detected by following the number of ATM cells going in and coming out from the interface. .

IuB INTERFACE(1) Call Setup Failure due to Radio Interface resource shortage would be triggered in RRC and RAB call setup failure cause ³Transmission´ WBTS IuB 1E1 = 2Mbps 2E1 = 4Mbps RNC 5 (PS384) users = 1920 Kbps If 1 E1 = 1920/2000 = 96% IuB Util. .

PERFORMANCE MONITORING .

OSS KPI PERFORMANCE MONITORING ‡ CELL AVAILABILITY ‡ RRC SET-UP & ACCESS COMPLETE RATIO ‡ VOICE. VIDEO & PS RAB SET-UP SUCCESS & DROP RATE ‡ INTER SYSTEM HANDOVER SUCCESS RATE ‡ SOFT HANDOVER SUCCESS RATE ‡ SOFT HANDOVER OVERHEAD .

avail_wcell_blocked_by_user) start stop .avail_wcell_in_wo_state) / (cellres.CELL AVAILABILITY Alarm in the cell RNC_183c (Cell Avail)= 100*(cellres.avail_wcell_in_wo_state) / (cellres. excl BLU)= 100*(cellres.avail_wcell_exists_in_rnw_db) RNC_727a (CellAvail.avail_wcell_exists_in_rnw_db cellres.

00% .rrc_con_setup_comp_directed) / (servlev.RRC SETUP & ACCESS COMPLETE RATIO  RNC_94e (RRC SACR. NW) = 100*(servlev.rrc_conn_setup_comp_aft_dir .rrc_conn_acc_comp + servlev.servlev.rrc_conn_stp_att + servlev.rrc_conn_stp_rej_emerg_call))  Typical Value >99.

VOICE.00% ‡PS Data RAB Setup Success Rate (M1001C120 RAB Acc Comp PS Inter+M1001C121 RAB Acc Comp PS Background)/(M1001C71 RAB Setup Att PS Inter+M1001C72 RAB Setup Att PS BackgM1001C113 RAB Setup Fail Anchor PS Back)*100% Typical Value >99. VIDEO & PS RAB SET-UP SUCCESS RATE ‡Voice RAB Setup Success Rate (M1001C115 RAB Access Comp /M1001C66 RAB Setup Attempts)*100% Typical Value >99.00% FAILURE BREAKDOWN RAB SETUP Fail AC PS Inter RAB SETUP Fail RNC PS Inter RAB SETUP Fail Frozen BTS PS Inter RAB SETUP Fail Frozen Iub PS Inter RAB ACC Fail UE PS Inter RAB ACC Fail RNC PS Inter RAB SETUP Fail AC PS Backg RAB SETUP Fail RNC PS Backg RAB SETUP Fail Frozen BTS PS Backg RAB SETUP Fail Frozen Iub PS Backg RAB ACC Fail UE PS Backg RAB ACC Fail RNC PS Backg FAILURE BREAKDOWN RAB SETUP Fail AC RAB SETUP Fail BTS RAB SETUP Fail Transport RAB SETUP Fail RNC RAB SETUP Fail Frozen BTS RAB ACC Fail UE RAB ACC Fail RNC FAILURE BREAKDOWN RAB SETUP Fail AC RAB SETUP Fail BTS RAB SETUP Fail Transport RAB SETUP Fail RNC RAB SETUP Fail Frozen BTS RAB ACC Fail UE RAB ACC Fail RNC .00% ‡Video RAB Setup Success Rate (M1001C116 RAB Acc Comp/M1001C67 RAN Setup Att)*100% Typical Value >99.

VOICE.00% ‡PS Data RAB Drop Ratio (M1001C185 RAB Act Fail Iu PS Inter+M1001C186 RAB Act Fail Radio PS Inter+M1001C187 RAB Act Fail BTS PS Inter+M1001C188 RAB Act Fail Iur PS Inter+M1001C190 RAB Act Fail RNC PS Inter+M1001C191 RAB Act Fail Iu PS Backg+M1001C192 RAB Act Fail Radio PS Backg+M1001C193 RAB Act Fail BTS PS Backg+M1001C194 RAB Act Fail Iur PS Backg+M1001C196 RAB Act Fail RNC PS Backg)/(M1001C141 RAB Act Comp PS Inter+M1001C142 RAB Act Comp PS Backg+M100171 RAB Act Rel SRNC Reloc PS Inter+M1001C172 RAB Act Rel SRNC Reloc PS Backg+M1001C185 RAB Act Fail Iu PS Inter+M1001C186 RAB Act Fail Radio PS Inter+M1001C187 RAB Act Fail BTS PS Inter+M1001C188 RAB Act Fail Iur PS Inter+M1001C190 RAB Act Fail RNC PS Inter+M1001C191 RAB Act Fail Iu PS Backg+M1001C192 RAB Act Fail Radio PS Backg+M1001C193 RAB Act Fail BTS PS Backg+M1001C194 RAB Act Fail Iur PS Backg+M1001C196 RAB Act Fail RNC PS Backg+M1001C397 RAB Act Fail UE PS Inter+M1001C398 RAB Act Fail UE PS Back)*100% PS DATA FAILURE BREAKDOWN RAB Act Fail Iu PS Inter Act Fail Radio PS Inter RAB Act Fail BTS PS Inter RAB Act Fail Iur PS Inter RAB Act Fail Integ Chk PS Inter RAB Act Fail RNC PS Inter RAB Act Fail UE PS Inter RAB Act Fail Iu PS Backg RAB Act Fail Radio PS Backg RAB Act Fail BTS PS Backg RAB Act Fail Iur PS Backg RAB Act Fail Integ Chk PS Backg RAB Act Fail RNC PS Backg RAB Act Fail UE PS Back Typical Value <1. VIDEO & PS RAB DROP CALL RATE ‡Voice RAB Drop Ratio (M1001C145 RAB Act Fail Iu+M1001C146 RAB Act Fail Radio+M1001C147 RAB Act Fail BTS+M1001C148 RAB Act Fail Iur+M1001C149 RAB Act Fail Integ Chk+M1001C150 RAB Act Fail RNC+M1001C392 RAB Act Fail UE)/(M1001C136 RAB Act Comp+M1001C143 RAB Act Rel to SRNC Reloc+M1001C144 RAB Act Rel to Pre-Emp+M1001C145 RAB Act Fail Iu+M1001C146 RAB Act Fail Radio+M1001C147 RAB Act Fail BTS+M1001C148 RAB Act Fail Iur+M1001C149 RAB Act Fail Integ Chk+M1001C150 RAB Act Fail RNC+M1001C392 RAB Act Fail UE)*100% VOICE FAILURE BREAKDOWN RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail Iu Radio BTS Iur Integ Chk RNC UE Typical Value <1.00% ‡Video RAB Drop Ratio (M1001C155 RAB Act Fail Iu+M1001C156 RAB Act Fail Radio+M1001C157 RAB Act Fail BTS+M1001C158 RAB Act Fail Iur+M1001C159 RAB Act Fail Integ Chk+M1001C160 RAB Act Fail RNC+M1001C393 RAB Act Fail UE)/(M1001C37 RAB Act Comp+M1001C151 RAB Act Rel to SRNC Reloc+M1001C152 RAB Act Rel to PreEmp+M1001C155 RAB Act Fail Iu+M1001C156 RAB Act Fail Radio+M1001C157 RAB Act Fail BTS+M1001C158 RAB Act Fail Iur+M1001C160 RAB Act Fail RNC+M1001C393 RAB Act Fail UE)*100% VIDEO FAILURE BREAKDOWN RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail RAB Act Fail Iu Radio BTS Iur Integ Chk RNC UE Typical Value <1.00% .

SOFT HOSR & SHO OVERHEAD ‡ISHO RT SR 100 * sum( SUCC_IS_HHO_UL_DCH_Q_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_UE_TRX_PWR_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_DL_DPCH_PWR_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_CPICH_RSCP_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_CPICH_ECNO_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_IM_IMS_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_EMERG_CALL + SUCC_IS_HHO_LB_PRX_TOT_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_LB_PTX_TOT_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_LB_RES_LIM_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_LB_RSVR_SC_RT + SUCC_IS_HHO_SB_RT) ---------------------------------------sum( IS_HHO_ATT_UL_DCH_Q_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_UE_TRX_PWR_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_DPCH_PWR_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_CPICH_RSCP_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_CPICH_ECNO_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_IM_IMS_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_EMERG_CALL + IS_HHO_ATT_LB_PRX_TOT_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_LB_PTX_TOT_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_LB_RES_LIM_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_LB_RSVR_SC_RT + IS_HHO_ATT_SB_RT ) ‡ISHO NRT SR 100 * sum( SUCC_IS_HHO_UL_DCH_Q_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_UE_TRX_PWR_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_DL_DPCH_PWR_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_CPICH_RSCP_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_CPICH_ECNO_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_IM_IMS_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_EMERG_CALL + SUCC_IS_HHO_LB_PRX_TOT_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_LB_PTX_TOT_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_LB_RES_LIM_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_LB_RSVR_SC_NRT + SUCC_IS_HHO_SB_NRT) ---------------------------------------sum( IS_HHO_ATT_UL_DCH_Q_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_UE_TRX_PWR_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_DPCH_PWR_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_CPICH_RSCP_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_CPICH_ECNO_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_IM_IMS_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_EMERG_CALL + IS_HHO_ATT_LB_PRX_TOT_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_LB_PTX_TOT_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_LB_RES_LIM_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_LB_RSVR_SC_NRT + IS_HHO_ATT_SB_NRT ) TYPICAL VALUE > 98% ‡Soft Handover Success Rate (M1007C15 Succ ASU on SHO RT+M1007C32 Succ ASU on SHO NRT)/(M1007C10 Cell Add Req on SHO RT+M1007C11 Cell Del Req on SHO RT+M1007C12 Cell Rep Req on SHO RT+ M1007C27 Cell Add Req on SHO NRT+M1007C28 Cell Del Req on SHO NRT+M1007C29 Cell Rep Req on SHO NRT)*100% TYPICAL VALUE > 95% ‡Soft Handover Overhead ((M1007C0 One Cell in AS RT+M1007C1 Two Cells in AS RT+M1007C2 Three Cells in AS RT+M1007C19 One Cell in AS NRT+M1007C20 Two Cells in AS NRT+M1007C21 Three Cells in AS NRT)/((M1007C0 One Cell in AS RT+M1007C19 One Cell in AS NRT)/1+(M1007C1 Two Cells in AS RT+M1007C20 Two Cells in AS NRT)/2+(M1007C2 Three Cells in AS RT+M1007C21 Three Cells in AS NRT)/3)1)*100% TYPICAL VALUE <98% TYPICAL VALUE <40% .ISHO RT. ISHO NRT.

Check antenna bearing. Check that CPICH powers are balanced between the studied cells. Down tilt antennas to make cells dominant and limit effects of interfering cell(s). Possible solutions Check Antenna line installation (antenna position and quality. Call set-up failure & Call drop Poor dominance area.q. Check the cabling in antenna line.Common Call Performance Issues Behaviour Call set-up failure & Call drop Problem Poor coverage area Description If problem is poor coverage. Swapped sectors in WBTS. CPICH EcNo is usually very bad even the RSCP is good e. too many cells with weak CPICH level. A good usable neighbour is present within cells coverage area. cable length and quality). Use buildings and other environmental structures to isolate cell(s) coverage. can cause DL interference if it is not in the active set. Check scanner data and look for missing neighbours. High site in the neighbourhood may cause interference. Add a site to the area. Call set-up failure & Call drop Pilot Pollution Find interfering cell from Scanner results. Add interfering cell to the neighbour of the serving cell. Check presence of shadowing obstacles. RSCP ±80«-90 dBm but EcNo about ±10 dB Bad CPICH Ec/Io (<-12 dB) level although CPICH RSCP level is good. Adjust antenna bearing and down tilt or lower the antenna height (too much tilt will break the dominance). this means poor RSCP (<-95 dBm) thus also the EcNo degrades very rapidly (< -12 dB) when the coverage border is reached. Add a site. No main server in the area. Dropped call/SHO failure Missing neighbour .

(If MHA parameter is set to ON. RRC connection set-up complete message not heard by BTS. Possible solutions Try to figure the possible area/direction of the interference by checking PrxTotal level on neighbouring cells. Sintrasearch and Qhyst2 as per latest recommendation Long call set-up time The value of Parameter N312 is too high: maximum number of ³in sync´ indications received from L1 during the establishment of a physical channel Use smaller value N312 (2. In case of MHA is used in BTS check MHA and cables loss parameters. Cable loss parameter is used. Call set-up failure & Call drop High Prxtotal due to Installation problems Bad RRC connection set-up success rate due to slow Ue cell reselection Long time interval for sync between RNC and BTS before connection The PrxTotal level is significantly higher than expected in no/low load conditions.2 ED2) enables 200 to 500ms reduction for set up delay. Cell set-up failure Set parameters so that reselection process will start earlier: Qqualmin.Common Call Performance Issues Behaviour Call set-up failure & Call drop Problem High PrxTotal due to UL External interference Description The PrxTotal level is significantly higher than expected in no/low load conditions. Call set-up failure & Call drop High PrxTotal due to wrong MHA settings The PrxTotal level is significantly higher than expected in no/low load conditions.Use call set-up time optimisation feature Dynamic setting of ³ActivationTimeOffset´ (possible in RAN1. otherwise PrxTotal value will be too high. Cable loss = Real MHA gain = Feeder loss parameter) Check the antenna installation as the last alternative in high PrxNoise case. Alternatively use spectrum analyser & directive antenna to locate interferer. Inform operator/regulator about the found conditions.5. recommendation is 4). .

and therefore there is not enough time for SHO. HO list is created using RNC algorithm in the final stage some of the neighbours will randomly be removed. Dropped call Round the corner effect Use cell individual offset (positive value) parameter to balance the DL and UL coverage. as this cells¶ UL cannot be used efficiently due to SHO is decided upon DL (CPICH Ec/No). Dropped call/SHO failure Too many neighbours Delete unnecessary neighbours.Common Call Performance Issues Behaviour Dropped call Problem Cell suffering from UL interference = DL (CPICH) coverage much bigger than UL coverage DL CPICH coverage < UL coverage Description As the UE Tx power is not enough for target cell synchronisation. Cell with lower CPICH power than the surrounding is having ³too good´ UL performance. the SHO fails which will cause call drop later. Dropped call Use cell individual offset (positive value) parameter to balance the DL and UL coverage. In SHO area the number of combined neighbouring cells become more than 31. . The call drops due to too rapid CPICH coverage degradation for Cell A. Possible solutions Use cell individual offset (negative value) parameter to balance the DL and UL coverage. Improve dominance.

NetAct OSS .

exporting actual configurations.CM OPERATIONS MANAGER Select CM Operations Manager under Configuration Categories  CM Operations Manager is for uploading managed objects. prepare & delete plans. import & export radio network plans. . pre-activate & activate planned configurations to network.

edit & mass edit parameter values of managed objects.CM EDITOR  CM Editor is used to view actual radio network configuration. create managed objects. create templates. create. . modify & delete plans.

CM ANALYSER  CM Analyser can be used to perform checks or discrepancies on actual or planned radio network parameters to ensure parameters are defined according to consistency rules .

signaling. resources. subscriber. charging.REPORTING SUITES  Reporting Suites provide ready-made reports for analyzing the performance of the network. security. and Quality of Service. mobility. The reports are based on collected PM data and Nokia-defined KPIs and provide information on traffic. . quality.

REPORTING SUITES 1 3 2  Select needed RAN report .

Reporting Suites Sample Sample RAN report .

R A N R E P O R T S .

REPORT BUILDER  Report Builder is a reporting tool for post-processing & visualization of data. The results are presented in graphical & excel format. It is used to for customized reporting & has been designed for creating and running a wide range of various reports on the performance data. .

Report Builder Output Reports are represented in both excel file and graphical views. .

APPLICATION LAUNCHER .

RNW MEASUREMENT MANAGEMENT  It means that measurement is activated .

RNW ONLINE MONITORING  RNW Online Monitoring is used to view Cell Load  Click Start to view counters on a cell .

CALL FLOW .

AMR MOC MS RRC:RRC CONNECTION REQUEST NBAP:RADIO LINK SETUP REQUEST NBAP:RADIO LINK SETUP RESPONSE AAL2SIG: ERQ AAL2SIG: ECF RRC:RRC CONNECTION SETUP L1 synchronisation NBAP:SYNCHRONIZATION INDICATION RRC:CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE RRC:INITIAL DIRECT TRANSFER (CM Service Request) RANAP:INITIAL UE MESSAGE (CM Service Request) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (CM Service Accept) BTS RNC CS_CN RRC: DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (CM Service Accept) RRC: UPLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Setup) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Setup) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Call Proceeding) RRC: DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Call Proceeding) RANAP:RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST NBAP:RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION PREPARE NBAP:RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION READY AAL2SIG: ERQ AAL2SIG: ECF AAL2SIG: ERQ AAL2SIG: ECF NBAP:RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION COMMIT RRC: RADIO BEARER SETUP RRC: RADIO BEARER SETUP COMPLETE RANAP:RAB ASSIGNMENT RESPONSE RRC: DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Alerting) RRC: UPLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Connect) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Alerting) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Connect) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Connect Acknowledge) Call established RRC: DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Connect Acknowledge) .

AMR MTC MS RRC:PAGING TYPE 1 RRC:RRC CONNECTION REQUEST NBAP:RADIO LINK SETUP REQUEST NBAP:RADIO LINK SETUP RESPONSE AAL2SIG: ERQ AAL2SIG: ECF RRC:RRC CONNECTION SETUP L1 synchronisation NBAP:SYNCHRONIZATION INDICATION RRC:CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE RRC:INITIAL DIRECT TRANSFER (Paging response) RANAP:INITIAL UE MESSAGE (Paging response) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Setup) BTS RNC RANAP:PAGING CS_CN RRC: DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Setup) RRC: UPLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Call confirmed) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Call confirmed) RANAP:RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST NBAP:RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION PREPARE NBAP:RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION READY AAL2SIG: ERQ AAL2SIG: ECF AAL2SIG: ERQ AAL2SIG: ECF NBAP:RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION COMMIT RRC: RADIO BEARER SETUP RRC: RADIO BEARER SETUP COMPLETE RANAP:RAB ASSIGNMENT RESPONSE RRC: UPLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Alerting) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Alerting) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Connect) RRC: DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Connect) RRC: UPLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Connect Acknowledge) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Connect Acknowledge) Call established .

PS DATA MS RRC:RRC CONNECTION REQUEST NBAP:RADIO LINK SETUP REQUEST NBAP:RADIO LINK SETUP RESPONSE AAL2SIG: ERQ AAL2SIG: ECF RRC:RRC CONNECTION SETUP L1 synchronisation NBAP:SYNCHRONIZATION INDICATION RRC:CONNECTION SETUP COMPLETE RRC:INITIAL DIRECT TRANSFER (Attach Request) RANAP:INITIAL UE MESSAGE (Attach Request) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER RRC: DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Attach Accept) RRC: DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (Attach Complete) RRC: UPLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (SM:Activate PDP Context request) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (Attach Complete) RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (SM: Activate PDP Context request) RANAP:RAB ASSIGNMENT REQUEST RRC: RADIO BEARER SETUP RRC: RADIO BEARER SETUP COMPLETE RANAP:RAB ASSIGNMENT RESPONSE RANAP: DIRECT TRANSFER (SM: Activate PDP Context accept) (Attach Accept) BTS RNC PS_CN RRC: DOWNLINK DIRECT TRANSFER (SM: Activate PDP Context Accept) RRC: MEASUREMENT REPORT NBAP:RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION PREPARE NBAP:RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION READY AAL2SIG: ERQ AAL2SIG: ECF NBAP:RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION COMMIT RRC: TRANSPORT CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION RRC: TRANSPORT CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION COMPLETE Uplink and downlink data transfer .

v ent HO) Handover tres olds fulfilled ( .vent is tri ered HO)   "         eport equest equest esponse .SHO V S 1a V S 1b : easurement eport e asurement : adio ink ddition equest : ctive et Update : adio ink ddition esponse : c tive et Update omplete : ctive et U date equest : ctive et Update omplete A : adio ink Deletion 3 A : adio ink Deletion 3 3 @598 3 @ 598 3 4 3 6 6 )( 5 433 5 433 7 433    &  &  %$#  %$# 22 10 ' )    !  Handover tres o lds f lfilled ( is tri ered .

vent HO) P IH H GG FEB D e port ddition equest equest e sponse .SHO EVENT 1c E TS N H V : a dio ink Deletion H V H U PTS H U PTS I Q : ctive et Update o mplete H Q : ctive e t Update equest : adio ink Deletion H : adio ink ddition esponse H : adio ink P V P V H U PTS H U PTS H P IH H R I HH : easurement DC Handover tres olds fulfilled ( is tri ered .

ISHO (VOICE 3G -> 2G) .

ISHO (PS 3G -> 2G) .

THANK YOU .

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