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Essential Questions

In what ways were the societies of this era more interconnected and interdependent than before, and what were the consequences²positive and negative²of these connections?

Hittite Kingdom

Spread of Mesopotamian Culture ‡ Babylon and Hittite Kingdom ‡ In Late Bronze Age trade and diplomatic contacts between states fostered the flow of goods and ideas ‡ Hittites used technologies of chariot warfare and iron metallurgy to dominate Antolia.

The New Kingdom of Egypt
‡ Hatshepsut ± became first female pharoah of Egypt. ‡ Engineering an Empire: Egypt ± Hatshepsut video link ‡ 1473-1458 BCE Rose to power and her temple is a one of a kind structure. ‡ She disappeared from power suddenly & her reign was hidden from history by her sucessor.

‡ Egyptian pharaoh (1353-1335 BCE) He built a new capital at Amarna, fostered a new style of naturalistic art, and created a religious revolution by imposing the worship of the sun-disk. ‡ Scholars have credited him with the invention of monotheism ± believe in only one god.

The Aegean World, 2000-1100 BCE

‡ Minoan & Mycenaean: far flung trading civilizations; asserted the power of early Greek cultural in the Mediterranean world. ‡ Shaft graves ± ancient burial sites ‡ Linear B writing system has not been fully decoded.

Geography of Greece

Mountainous peninsula & numerous islands play significant roles in development

The Minoan Civilization

Crete Island palace complex of Cnossos

empire based on trade

catastrophic collapse around 1450 B.C. tidal wave or volcanic eruption Invasion by Mycenaeans

Palace of Cnossos

Minoan Palace at Cnossos

Throne room at Palace of Cnossos

Minoan Palace

Minoan Bull Jumping



Lion¶s Gate at Mycenae

Mycenae Today