This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
Recently, the application of nanotechnology in the textile processing has increased extensively due to its unique and valuable properties. The properties imparted to textiles using nanotechnology include anti-microbial, water repellence, wrinkle resistance, UV protection and self cleaning effect etc. In spite of the numerous functional properties imparted by the nanoparticles coated on the fabrics, antimicrobial in particular antifungal finishing is gaining much attention. Contamination by microorganisms such as mildew may result in the damage and discoloration of fabrics. Researchers have turned to looking for substitutes of organic antibacterial agents-natural antibacterial agents and inorganic antimicrobial agents, because of the limitations of traditional organic antimicrobial agents. Nanometer titanium dioxide (TiO2), as an antibacterial material, in the textile field, explored for its UV shielding properties, photocatalytic properties and there is no literature exploring use of nanoparticles of TiO2 for the development of antifungal textiles. In this work we describe a rapid one step synthesis of nanosols of TiO2 for antifungal finishing in cotton fabrics.
Titanium tetra isopropoxide (Ti[OCH(CH3)2]4). India and used as received. Double distilled water from Millipore unit was used for all the synthesis and measurements.HNO3 and Acetic acid were obtained from HIMEDIA Chemicals Pvt. The Sol-gel method was carried out for synthesis of TiO2 nanoparticles according to Kaihong et al.. Mumbai. . In this procedure Titanium tetra isopropoxide (10ml) was added drop wise into acidic water (0. Synthesis of TiO2 Nanoparticles. 2006.. Chandigarh. Ltd.Materials and Methods Materials.7% nitric acid) containing ethanol (5ml) and acetic acid (5ml) under vigorous stirring. India. The mixtures were heated at a temperature of 40°C and kept vigorously stirred for 16 hour and finally TiO2 nanosols were obtained. con. Standard test fungal cultures were obtained from MTCC.
XRD The phase and structural analysis of the TiO2 nanoparticles were analyzed using X ray Diffraction technique. intercalation and orientation of the nanoparticles can be visualized through TEM. TEM The extent of the exfoliation.SEM Characterization of TiO2 nanoparticles The topographical characterization of the TiO2 Nanoparticles was analyzed by using high resolution JEOL-JSAL 6360 SEM. .
At the end of the incubation period.. . Potato dextrose agar medium was used as a growth medium for valuation.. Fusarium sp. the zone of mycostasis underneath and alongside of the fabric were measured. The test specimens were placed in contact with the hardened agar medium over which 0.0±0. bulk TiO2 treated fabric and untreated fabric (control).01 ml of the inoculum was evenly distributed by means of a sterile pipette. and they were cut in to pieces according to convenient size (3.5 cm). Aspergillus sp.1 ml of inoculum was distributed evenly over the surface of the agar.Antifungal Assessment of finished fabrics (AATCC test method 30-2004). The plates were incubated at 27o C for 72 hours. Test specimens (non sterile) were taken. and Pencillium sp. The antifungal activity was carried out by agar diffusion method (SN 195920) for TiO2 nanoparticles treated fabric. Potato dextrose agar medium was prepared and dispensed in petriplates and the spores of fungi were inoculated in to 50±2 ml of sterile distilled water containing few glass beads and shaked vigorously to bring the spores into suspension..2±0.8±0. 1. were used as test cultures for assessing the antifungal activity as per AATCC standards.
There were some agglomerations found with the nanoparticles because of the high surface energy of TiO2. especially when the synthesis was carried out in aqueous medium. it depict that the synthesized materials were in nano regime and morphology of the particle was identified as roughly spherical in structure. The grain size calculated by using Debye Scherrer approximation formula was found to be 52 nm under zero strain and is strongly supporting the results from the SEM analysis. The XRD pattern of the as-prepared TiO2 nanoparticles is shown in Fig.Result & Discussion SEM analysis: The surface morphology of the TiO2 nanoparticles was viewed through scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and is shown in the Fig. The TEM images of the TiO2 nanoparticles were shown in Fig3. The structure was found as hexagonal quartzite structure. . TEM Analysis. XRD analysis.The particle size is found also to be approximately in range of 22-50 nm.2.1. The sharpness of the peaks reveals that the grown samples were in highly crystalline state.
Inset pictureDiffraction pattern of TiO2 nanoparticles .1 SEM images of TiO2 nanoparticles Fig.Fig.2 XRD pattern of the as-prepared TiO2 nanoparticles. Fig-3 TEM image of TiO2 nanoparticles.
5 15 Nil 12 Nil 12 Nil .5 Antifungal activity (Zone of inhibition in mm) Fusarium sp Aspergillus sp 21 Penicillium sp 20. with a zone of inhibition of 22. The fabrics finished with TiO2 nanoparticles possessed antifungal activity against all the test cultures used and maximum antifungal was recorded in Fusarium sp. Table-1 Antifungal activity assessment by AATCC-30 Fabric Treatments TiO2 nanoparticles coated fabric TiO2 bulk coated fabric Untreated fabric 22.5 mm. large surface area and high surface energy of the TiO2 nanoparticles. Bulk TiO2 nanoparticle treated fabric showed comparatively lower antifungal activity. This maximum antifungal activity of the TiO2 nanoparticles treated fabric may be attributed to the high surface to volume ratio.Antifungal Assessment of Finished Fabrics.
. This study is like trapping new potential antimicrobial substance from inorganic metal oxides and the new development such as textile with antifungal finish would help reduce the ill effects and possibly could comply with the statutory requirements imposed by regulating agencies. In this regard TiO2 nanoparticles proved quite fruitful as the synthesized TiO2 nanoparticles gave antifungal activity against the three test fungi used in the study. there is a good deal of demand for the fabrics having functional/specialty finishes in general or antifungal finishes in particular.Conclusion Presently. The availability of entirely new class of antifungal agents is opening new opportunities for treatment for fungal infections.