Unit Focus

• • • • What is a map? Different types of maps Uses of maps Lines of latitude and longitude

Interactive Geography One - Unit 3

What is a map?
A map is a graphic representation, on a flat surface,of what a part of the Earth’s surface looks like from above.

Interactive Geography One - Unit 3

Unit 3 .Different types of maps A political map Interactive Geography One .

Unit 3 .Different types of maps A geological map Interactive Geography One .

Different types of maps A rainfall map Interactive Geography One .Unit 3 .

Different types of maps A population distribution map Interactive Geography One .Unit 3 .

Unit 3 .Different types of maps A flow map Interactive Geography One .

Unit 3 .Different types of maps A relief map Interactive Geography One .

what direction to take to go to a place. places of interest and historic landmarks Interactive Geography One .The Value of Maps •People have been using maps for a very long time •Maps are even more widely used today •There are several reasons why this is so: Valuable sources of information •Maps tell us where we are. what the different ways to go to a place are and what we will find there •Tourists use maps to find their way to tourist information centres. how far it is between two places.Unit 3 .

Unit 3 .Useful ways of storing and displaying information about the Earth’s surface •Maps are light and portable •Different types of information can be put on different maps •A weather map shows the weather patterns for an area •A geological map shows the types of rocks in an area •Maps can be used to present information of large area and even the world Interactive Geography One .

Useful ways of storing and displaying information about the Earth’s surface •Street and topographic maps show detailed information on smaller areas Important bases for planning and decision-making •During a war. the series of maps will give us a record of the changes that have taken place Interactive Geography One . the military uses maps to plan which areas to attack and the most effective routes to take •Urban planners use maps to decide where to build the different features of the human landscape Good records of landscape changes Maps show the features of the Earth’s surface at a certain point in time When new maps of the same area are drawn every few years.Unit 3 .

Unit 3 . the title is usually the name of the largest settlement in the region Grid Lines •A series of vertical and horizontal numbered lines drawn on a map •Used to locate features Interactive Geography One .Basic elements of maps Title: •States what the map shows •Appears at the top of the map •On topographic maps.

south.Unit 3 .Directional Indicator •Shows where north. east and west lie on the map Symbols •Used to represent the different physical and man-made features found on the surface of the Earth •It is possible to fit a lot of information into a small space using symbols Interactive Geography One .

roads and rivers are often named on maps Interactive Geography One .Unit 3 .Legend •Explains what each symbol on the map means •Lists all symbols used and explains the meaning of each of them •Also called the key Names of Features •Certain features such as settlements.

Scale •Shows the size of the map compared to the actual size of the area that the map represents •Helps us to calculate the size of a feature on the Earth’s surface Types of Symbols •Can be of different shapes and sizes •The size or thickness of a symbol shows the importance of a feature •Certain colours are used to represent certain features Interactive Geography One .Unit 3 .

railway tracks.Types of Symbols Line or linear symbols •Represent line features like roads. rivers and power lines Interactive Geography One .Unit 3 .

churches. mosques and temples Interactive Geography One .Types of Symbols Point symbols : •Represent point-like features like schools.Unit 3 .

Unit 3 .Types of Symbols Area symbols •Represent features that occupy an area such as lakes and forests •Some of these symbols look like the features they represent Interactive Geography One .

Unit 3 .Types of Symbols Abbreviations •May appear beside other symbols to explain what they are or on their own Interactive Geography One .

Types of Symbols Height symbols •Height of places is shown on maps by contours •Contours are imaginary lines joining places of the same height above or below sea level Interactive Geography One .Unit 3 .

Unit 3 .Height symbols •To show the exact height of a physical feature. a trigonometrical station is shown by a triangle symbol with the height above sea level written beside it Interactive Geography One . a trigonometrical station is used •This is a circular disc placed in the ground to show the specific height of the place •On maps.

Unit 3 .Lines of latitude Lines that are drawn around the globe parallel to the Equator. Interactive Geography One .

Lines of longitude Lines that are drawn around the globe through the poles. Interactive Geography One .Unit 3 .

Unit 3 .Lines of latitude & longitude Interactive Geography One .

Unit 3 .Summary Interactive Geography One .

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