National Rural Employment Guarantee ACT-2005

PRESENTED BY, P.PRASHANTH, M.Sc. (Ag). ANGRAU, HYDERABAD TELANGANA.

NREGA -INTRODUCTION

Hon’ble Prime Minister and Hon’ble Chairperson NAC Smt. Sonia Gandhi launched the program on 2 nd Feb 2006 in Ananthapur(Di)Bandlapalli village was enacted on august25,2005.

It

NREGA -INTRODUCTION
 An

act to provide for enhancement of livelihood security of households in rural areas of the country (except J&K )by providing at least one hundread days of guaranteed wage employment in every financial year to every house hold  Ongoing programmes of SGRY and NFWP are subsumed with in NREGS.

NREGA -INTRODUCTION
The launch of ambitious scheme at centre has been guided by success of Maharastra Employment Guarantee Scheme which is implemented for over last 30 Yrs in Maharastra  MEGS can make possible of Horticulture Revolution so also NREGP can make productivity Revolution on lands of poor

– 62 types of works are identified under 8 categories of works permitted in the act

NREGA -INTRODUCTION
The programme was launced covering 200districts in 1st phase(1.75 lakh panchayats across 28 states)and was extended to 330 additionl districts in 2nd phase in 2007-08  The act cover all of india from april 1 2008

Salient features of the act
 1.Right

based Frame work  Adult members of a rural household are willing to do un skilled work may apply for registration to the local Gram panchayat in written or Orally  The Gram panchayat after verification issue a job card will bear photogaph of all adult members ofhousehold and is free of cost.

2.Time bounded Guarantee
After applicaton Gram panchayat will providing employment with in 15 days operation.  If employment is not provided with in 15 days daily unemployment allowance in cash has to be paid.  Work should be provided with in 5KM radius of village or else extra wages of 10% are paid .  Disbursement of wages has to be done on weekly basis and not beyond fortnight.

3.Women Empowerment

At least 1/3rd of persons to whom work is alloted have to be women .

4. work Site Facilities  Creche , drinking water , shade have to be provided at working places.  5.Minimum Requirement for starting a new work  50 Applicants are required

6.PROVISON OF WAGES
At national level Average minimum wage Rate will be Rs 60/- per man which shall be equal to 7 hrs normally  KERALA 125 RUPEES  WEST BENGAL 100RUPEES  HARYANA 99.21RUPEES.  A.P&T.N 80RUPEES

7.WAGE MATERIAL RATIO.
 60:40

 Contractors

allowed  8.PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY  9.SOCIAL AUDIT& TRANSPERENCY

&Machines are not

10.PERMISSABLE WORKS
          

WATER CONSERVATION LAND DEGRADATION RESTOATION OF RURL TANKS ENVIRONMENT PROTCTION IRRIGATION CANALS (micro &minor irrigation works) WATER HARVESTING AFFORESTATION ,TREE PLNTATIOIN ROAD CONNECTIVITY LAND DEVPT ON SC STS FIOOD PROTECTION SCHOOL BUILDING&WATER SUPPLY

11.Nature of works taken up

   

80 % water conservation 10 % Irrigation related 5% Plantations 2 % road connectivity 3 % others

12.UNEMPLOYMENT ALLOWANCE.
 If

the authorities fail to provide job with in 15days allowance will be equal to 1/4th of wages for 1st 30days and remainig period @50%wage which shouldnot exceed 100days.

13.SOCIAL SECURITY PROVISION
 Free

medical facilities incase of injury during work ;Daily allowance equal to 50%wages in case of hospitalisation along with accomadation treatment medicines.  Exgratia payment 25000/-in case of death or permanent disability.

14.FUNDING.
 CENTRE

GOVT BEARS COSTS ON  Entire wages costs of un skilled labour  75% wages cost of skilled&semi skilled labour  Administrative costs  Expenses of NREGS COUNSIL

STATE GOVT BEARS ON
 25%

wages cost of skilled&semi skilled labour  Administrative costs  Expenses of STATE NREGS COUNSIL  UN EMPLOYMENTALLOWANCE

17.OUT COMES SO FAR
1.Increased employment opportunities in rural areas  UnderSGRY 85Crore person days  Under NREGS 120 Crore person days  2.Inclusive growth  Employment provided is117.54%of B.P.L rural house holds ;indicating that nregs has been reach out to rural poor.  IN 2007-08This was 127%  Upto feb2009 135%

 In

state wise 610%in RAJASTAN  28% in MAHARASTRA  19%IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH  GOOD PERFORMANCE STATES  M.P, RAJASTAN ,CHATTISGARH,A.P.  UNDER PERFORMANCE STATES  BIHAR, U.P,W.B., ORISSA

3.INCREASED WOMEN WORK FORCE RATIO
 It

is increased to 42.18% ,previously 39%.  Highest percentage of women participation in TAMILNADU.(82%) followed by RAJASTSN .  IN A.P it is 69%.  This is also significant increase against 25% women participation under SGRY

4.UTILISATION OF YOUTH FORCE IN RURAL AREAS
 39%

WORKERS FROM AGE GROUP 30-40YRS  35% WORKERS FROM AGE GROUP 20-30YRS  Rest of them are below 40 yrs

5.SHARE OF SC/ ST HOUSE HOLDS IN EMPLOYMENT
Total share 62% in 2006-07.  Sc-25.3%, ST-36.5%  6.IMPACT OF MINIMUM WAGES  In maharastra min . Wages went up from 47 to 70/ In karnataka min . Wages went up from 62to 74/ In U.P min . Wages went up from 58to 100/ In Nagaland min . Wages went up from 66to 100/

    

7.WAGE DIFFERENCES IN MALE &FEMALE IS REDUCED 8.USHERED TO MEET THE RAISING PRISES IN THE MARKET . 9.HELPED LOT IN REDUSING DISGUISED &SEASONAL UN EMPLOYMENT. 10.REDUSEDTHE MIGRATION LEVEL TO OTHER AREAS 11.HELPS IN PAYING THEIR DEBTS. 12.GROUND WATER LEVELS INCREASED

PROBLEMS
 Lack

of awareness about the scheme  High corruption  Casual laboures prefer to bunk the NREGAfor more assurance no. of days  Lack of planning & trained working days  Women face lot of problems

THANK YOU

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