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EM Bokashi

(Fermented Organic matter with EM )


Anaerobic EM Bokashi
Can be used for agriculture as organic fertilizer, animal husbandly/aquaculture as a feed additive, kitchen garbage treatment. Longer fermentation period compared to aerobic type. The quality is stable under anaerobic condition and can be kept longer than aerobic type.

EM Bokashi

Aerobic EM Bokashi
Mainly used for agriculture as organic fertilizer. Easily produced on a large scale compared to the anaerobic type.

Anaerobic EM Bokashi

Materials
-Suitable Materials for anaerobic Bokashi
As main materials(over 50% by volume): Rice bran, Wheat bran, corn meal etc *material with high carbohydrate content Can be mixed with: Soybean meal, Oil Cake, Rice husk, Wheat husk, Bean husk, Fish meal, Bone meal, Crab Shell etc 1-5 % to the water volume

*contaminated materials can -EM 1 and Molasses not be mixed

-Clean water
About 30% of Materials by weight (20-30L for 100kg materials)

Preparation of EM solution
EM
E E M M 1 1

1-5% of water volume

Molasses 1-5% of water volume

Water
About 30% of Materials by weight (20-30L for 100kg materials) *depending on the water content of materials

Mix Organic Materials and EM solution

The moisture content of the final mixture

30 - 40 %

Fermentation - Keep in an air-tight condition

Plastic containers

Plastic Bags

EM Bokashi is ready for use, when it has a sweet-sour fermented smell.

2 - 3 weeks

Anaerobic EM Bokashi can be matured with longer fermentation period.

Keep anaerobic during fermentation and storage!!


If the anaerobic Bokashi is exposed to the air, white mold will appear on the surface. This is harmless itself but gradually leads to quality deterioration and to putrefaction finally. Especially for feeding animals check the smell and make sure the quality of Bokashi. *Remove the moldy part.

Aerobic Type EM Bokashi

-Suitable Materials for aerobic Bokashi


Materials group 1: Use at least 10% of total amount. Rice bran, Wheat bran, Corn meal etc *material with high carbohydrate content

Materials

Materials group 2: Animal dung, Soybean meal, Oil Cake, Fish meal, Bone meal etc *material with high nutrient content Materials group 3: Rice husk, Wheat husk, Bean husk, rice straw charcoal *material with high C/N ratio or other organic matter *The mix ratio depends on the purpose. -Clean water -EM 1 and Molasses
1-5 % to the water volume

Preparation of EM solution
EM 1 1-5% of water volume
E E M M 1 1

Molasses 1-5% of water volume

Water 90%
About 30% of Materials by weight (20-30L for 100kg materials) *depending on the water content of materials

Mix Organic Materials and EM solution

The moisture content of the final mixture

40 - 50 %

During Fermentation

No Rain

No direct sunlight

Management during fermentation

Turn over the mixture if its temperature exceeds 50 o C

About 1 week
EM Bokashi is ready for use when - it has a sweet-sour fermented smell. - its temperature is stable.

Storage of EM Bokashi
(Aerobic Type) Packing

Dry without direct sunlight

Aerobic EM Bokashi can be kept about 6 months under good storage

EM Compost
EM can be applied to normal composting method to improve the quality, accelerate the decomposition process and suppress odor.

Preparation of EM solution

EM 1 or EMAS 1 %

Water
*1% Molasses can be added to enhance the decomposition process.

EM-Molasses 1% solution

Case study

1 m

Soaked Straw Rice Bran + Chicken Manure

Making EM compost with rice straw and chicken manure in Myanmar.

Cover

About 45 days

EM Bokashi and Compost


Compost
Nutrient Effect Producing Period Energy Loss Soil Improvement Microbes Population Low Long High Good Good

EM Bokashi
High Short Low Excellent Excellent

*EM Bokashi cannot be applied directly to the root zone. When used as base fertilizer or for nursery soil, it should be mixed with soil in advance(at least 1 week before planting).

EM Bokashi and Compost


EM Bokashi Keeps This Amount of Energy Inside EM Bokashi Compost

time
Complete Compsting

Consume Energy as Heat and Gases