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# Capacitance of a single core cable

## Capacitance of a single core cable

Single core cable consists of two long co-axial cylinders. Inner cylinder is conductor and outer cylinder is a lead sheath.
R=D/2 R=d/2

## Flux density = Here charge=Q Surface area =2 Radius =2 x

Flux density , Dx Cm

Since

Since

or

## Capacitance for cable is given by

or Substitute the values of F/m

or

Dielectric Stress

Dielectric Stress: Here dielectric stress is equal to electric field intensity at point p

Since

Substitute Q in

## Minimum stress will be at the Sheath, x=R Since,R=D/2

So dielectric stress is

Maximum stress will be at the surface of the conductor and minimum stress will be at the sheath. To avoid breakdown of insulation it is necessary to have uniform distribution of stress all along the insulator The process of obtaining uniform distribution of stress in the insulation of cables is called grading of cables

## Use of inter sheaths for grading

In this method of grading the between the core and lead sheaths number of metallic sheaths are placed which are called as inter sheaths

## Use of intersheaths for grading

Let V1 be the voltage between core and inter sheath1 Let V2 be the voltage between intersheath1 and inter sheath2 Let V3 be the voltage between intersheath2 and Lead sheath

## Maximum stress between core and sheath given by

Let V1 be the voltage between core and inter sheath1 Let V2 be the voltage between intersheath1 and inter sheath2 Let V3 be the voltage between intersheath2 and Lead sheath

Now

## Voltage between conductor and lead sheath is

In this type grading is done by using layers of dielectrics having different permittivitties between core and sheath Let d be the diameter of conductor Let d1 be the diameter of dielectric with permittivity Let d2 be the diameter of dielectric with permittivity

## As we know, dielectric stress is given by

Here the stress at inner dielectric is given by (1) Here the stress at outer dielectric is given by

(2)

## Total voltage can be expressed as

Since

We know

From (1) the maximum stress at the surface of conductor is ,i.e x=d/2
(3)

From (2) the maximum stress at the surface inner dielectric is , i.e x=d1/2

(4)