# “CFD ANALYSIS ON BAFFLE PLATES IN HEAT EXCHANGER”

Guide – Dr.R.VIJAYAN Associate Professor Dept. of Mechanical Engineering.
Presented By - SOUNDAR.N 09CD09 M.E-CAD

OBJECTIVE

Exchanger to reduce Pressure Drops and
improve the Heat Transfer Rate by Numerical

Modeling.

PROBLEM DEFINITION
3

In the shell and tube heat exchangers many situations, the shellside pressure drop is too high with single-segmental baffles in a single-pass shell, even after increasing the baffle spacing and baffle cut to the highest values recommended.
To overcome this problem, the alternative technique is double-segmental baffles instead of single-segmental baffles because the cross-flow velocity is reduced approximately to half, because the shellside flow is divided into two parallel streams. This reduces the cross-flow pressure drop.

SOLUTION METHODOLOGY
4

The present problem can be solved by the following method NUMERICAL METHOD  Model generation

 Meshing

 Defining the Boundary condition
 Specifying Flow rates  Solution  Plot results

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

 

Zero gauge pressure is to be assigned to the outlet nozzle, in order to obtain the relative pressure drop between inlet and outlet. The inlet velocity profile is assumed to be uniform. No slip condition is assigned to all surfaces. The shell inlet temperature is set to 300K. The zero heat flux boundary condition is assigned to the shell outer wall, assuming the shell is perfectly insulated outside.

BOUNDARY CONDITIONS

Design Parameters (from TEMA Hand Book)

Shell size, Ds Tube outer diameter, do Tube bundle geometry and pitch Triangular, Number of tubes, Nt Heat exchanger length, L Shell side inlet temperature, T Baffle cut, Bc Central baffle spacing, B Number of baffles, Nb

90 mm 20 mm 30 mm 7 600 mm 300 K 25% 86 mm 6

2D – 6 BAFFLES

2D MESH – 6 BAFFLES

3D-MODEL

TUBE ASSEMBLY

WIRE FRAME MODEL

3D MESH MODEL

TURBULENCE MODELS

SPALART–ALLMARAS TURBULENCE MODEL Spalart PR, Allmaras SR. A one-equation turbulence model for aerodynamic flows. AIAA paper 92-0439. K–E TURBULENCE MODELS

ANALYTICAL METHODS

KERN METHOD REF- Kern DQ. Process heat transfer. New York (NY): McGraw-Hill; 1950. BELL-DELAWARE METHOD Bell KJ. Delaware method for shell side design. In: Kakaç S, Bergles AE, Mayinger F, editors. Heat exchangers: thermal–hydraulic fundamentals and design. New York: Hemisphere; 1981. p. 581–618.

REFERENCE

Bell KJ. Delaware method for shell side design. In: Kakaç S, Bergles AE, Mayinger F, editors. Heat exchangers: thermal–hydraulic fundamentals and design. New York: Hemisphere; 1981. p. 581–618.

Works to be Carried out…
 By

using FLUENT 5/6 the model is to be simulated.  Results are to be compared with Analytical calculation.  The same to be carried out for different number of baffles and baffle cut.

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THANK U