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UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADOR

INSTRUMENTAL ENGLISH ESP TEACHER:MSC. DANIEL HERRERA COURSE: GTH “A” STUDENTS: ANDREA VILLACÍS, LUIS CAJAS LUIS ARMAS, MONICA CONTENTO MAURICIO CANDO, WILSON ALVAREZ

THE NEEDS OF ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES

THE NEEDS OF ESP USING GLOBALIZATION AS MODEL TRENDS IN TEACHING FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES A NEEDS ANALYSIS SETTING _Employment opportunities. * Development in ESP praxis: -The socio discoursal to ESP -Socio cultural -Socio political * Target Situation Analysis. cross cultural. . multilateral issues. *Present Situation Analysis.

A NEEDS ANALYSIS SETTING TARGET SITUATION ANALYSIS: Tries to establish what the learners are expected to be like at the end of the language course PRESENT SITUATION ANALYSIS: Attempts to identify what they are like at the beginning of it Refers generally to the activities that are involved in collecting information that will serve as the basis for developing a curriculum that will meet the needs of the particular group Ss. .

Classroom culture B.ESP PEDAGOGIC NEEDS ANALYSIS DATA ABOUT LEARNER AND THE LEARNER ENVIROMENT deficiency analysis STRATEGY ANALYSIS OR LEARNING NEEDS ANALYSIS MEANS ANALYSIS A. TARGET SITUATION Wants . PRESENT SITUATION Needs Environment .EAP staff -Pilot target situation -Status of service operations Lacks -Study of change agents .

HOW TO COMMUNICATE IN THE TARGET SITUATION Description of the language in ESP Register analysis Discourse analysis Genre analysis Vocabulary and grammar of the text How sentences combine into discourse Regularities of structure that distinguishes one type of text from another .

ESP TEACHING Teaching English for Specific Purpose was and is a controversial issue among EFL teachers and others. .

They are qualified for the job Poor subject knowledge .EFL teacher GP Scored higher in every aspect of the final achievement test. teacher Teaching specific terminology.

The attention to strategy analysis. Deficiency analysis. Strategy analysis. The register analysis approach Rhetorical coherence of discourse Grammatical cohesion of text .ESP Background Authenticity Language learning Skills brazed approach to materials development and design in ESP courses The language of the target situation.

Review Literature semantic Syntactic According to Ziahosseiny • the meaning and the functions of the Key words in the text. • the Key grammatical structures in the text •The cohesive devices and coherence in the text .

ENGLISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES .

Teaching and materials are founded on the results of needs analysis .English for specific purpose ESP focal point is that English is not taughtas a subject separated from the students’ real world and it is integrated into a subject matter area.

FEATURES OF ESP • • • • Limited duration Adult learners It May be designed for specific disciplines Generally designed for intermediate or advanced students. • it can be used with beginners. .

CLASSIFICATION OF ESP English for Academic Purposes (EAP) English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) English for General Business Purposes (EGBP) English for Science and Technology (EST) English for Vocational Purposes (EVP) English for Occupational Purposes (EOP) .

.RESEARCH • The responsibility of the teacher: • ESL teacher has to look the way in which teaching skills can be adapted for the teaching of ESP • Organizing Courses: • The teacher has to set learning goals and the transform them into an instructional program.

• Responsibility of the students: • They are in charge of developing their skills to reflect their native language knowledge. .• Evaluating students: • The teacher has to be a resource that helps students identify their language learning problems and find solutions.

• Subject content knowledge: • The ESP content has to be directed to a specific field besides it has to make students identify a real context for the vocabulary and structures of the ESP classroom .

Engineering. aviation.GRE EOP Business. etc Use for specific purpose Learners’ skills are developed .ESL AS APPLIED ELT EAP Preparation for TOEFL .

IMPORTANCE Increasing of vocational training Use of English because of Globalization Some countries train their workers in specific areas .

ESP Teacher’s skills CURIOSITY COLLABORATION CONFIDENCE USE OF REALIA USE OF REAL CONTEXT .

DIFFERENCES BETWEEN GENERAL ENGLISH AND ESP USE OF SPECIFIC TOPICS USE OF AUDIOVISUALS USE OF SPECIFIC TERMS USE OF REALIA .

ESP TEACHING APPROACHES TEACHERS TAKE IN MIND STUDENTS’ NEEDS By using Question Skills and words language Time Place .

. • It’s a great opportunity for the students to hear different voices and accents. • It’s an extraordinary resource USE THE INTERNET VISUAL MATERIALS • It’s fantastic an ideal forum for the students to practice PRESENTATIONS with the teacher. pictures. USE THE STUDENT AUDIO & VIDEO GIVE FEED BACK HOMEWORK GRAMMAR • It will be checked in class to clarify some difficulties. maps which provide rich vocabulary • One to one classes will be with proffesionals. AUTHENTIC MATERIAL • Don’t be afraid of silence students need free time USING SILENCE too. • The class can develop into a pleasant and interesting chat. They have very specific needs. • Ask the students to bring examles of the English materials they need to work with. • They work: photographs.LINGUISTICS • Teacher tries sitting next to or opposite of them.

do a speaking game 1. To make the error correction more relevant to them. Introduce new vocabulary into discussion questions. 5. If they want to chat let them to do it. . TYPICAL LESSON FOR THIS KIND OF STUDENT 3. TIPS FOR MAINTAINING THE LANGUAGE FOCUS Photocopies from a text book or grammar book into class.Contrast pairs-minimal pairs (mademad) Try to steer the conversation into an area where they can ‘t avoid using it. 2. (10 minutes) Chat plans about weekend. To correct the errors they make when they ‘re speaking. Chat about work (10 minutes) Quick review of a language they have problems Discussion topic or speaking game based around particular grammar or vocabulary Error correction from feedback sheet. 4. Talking about their office is good opportunty to count the errors with a and the.

brands . what do the teachers do? If the student is unhappy because they found it boring. tax jobs. business vocabulary Topics of general and specialist interest are: Money. To try and keep everyone happy. Let them chat about language travel. if they do not do homework you can do it togetrher It is good to choose a topic that combines social English or topics of general interest in the bank. Stuff based on their work or a Reading. experiences Do not start the lesson asking them about their weekend. prices in the local area. The secret is to havae a balance between the two extrems. travel for business and pleasure.TEACHING TIPS FOR KEEPING BUSINESS ENGLISH AND ESP ONE-TO-ONE LESSONS FOCUSED Student’s company wants its learners to do Business English or ESP but they don’t want. Try to start with the most serious things.

A Typical lesson with this kind of student IT MIGHT BE: Check the last homework together Ask what they are working on at work at the moment. . Do more funtional language with a business slant. Extend the conversation from 3 or 4 into more personal stuff. Introduce some ESP vocabulary or suitable ESP grammar worksheet. Go to the feedback sheet from the lesson. Finish by asking them about their plans for the next week and give them the homework.

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