Groupthink

Groupthink

1

book “Victims of Groupthink”)that refers to faulty decisionmaking in a group • Groupthink has been used over the years to help understand group dynamics and why certain groups are successful and others lead to disaster Groupthink 2 .History of Groupthink • Groupthink is a concept that was identified by Irving Janis (In the 1972.

• Groupthink is the name given to a theory that was developed by Irving Janis (1972) to describe faulty decision making that can occur in groups as a result of forces that bring a group together (group cohesion) Groupthink 3 .

Symptoms of Groupthink Overestimation of the Group Closed-Mindedness Pressures Toward Uniformity Illusion of Invulnerability Collective Rationalization Self-Censorship Belief in inherent morality of the group Stereotypes of OutGroups Illusion of Unanimity Loyalty Pressure Self-appointed mind guards Groupthink 4 .

Groupthink 5 .Illusion of Invulnerability • Creates excessive optimism that encourages taking extreme risks • The group starts to think it always makes the right decisions – they can do no wrong.

Belief in Inherent Morality • after making many correct decisions the group begins to overlook the negatives • Members believe in the rightness of their cause and therefore ignore the ethical or moral consequences of their decisions Groupthink 6 .

Collective Rationalization • Group discount warnings and do not reconsider their assumptions • The group creates rationalizations such as. “We know there is contrary opinion to this decision but we’ve been right before in the face of negativity and we’ll we right this time too” Groupthink Pre – Sep/11 warnings 7 .

Self-censorship • Individuals fear /question if they might look like a fool for raising their concerns. • Fear of been laughed at by the group Groupthink 9 .

Illusion of Unanimity • Does everyone agree with this decision? • Everyone might disagree but everyone thinks that everyone else agrees • The majority of team members view and judgments assumed to be unanimous Groupthink 10 .

• Matt always said “ here is MR.Loyalty Pressure • Team members under pressure not to raise any contrary opinion against the group’s view. it wont work” Groupthink 11 .

Self-appointed ‘mindguards’ • People who protect the leader or group from hearing disagreeable facts from inside or outside the group to protect the group cohesiveness • (787-747 leaders) Groupthink 12 .

• Second chance meetings where experts get the opportunity to review and challenge decisions Groupthink 13 . • Higher-ups shouldn’t express and opinion when assigning a task to a group • Team members should ask for feed back from trusted members from other groups • Invite experts to the group meeting to challenge the group view and ideas.How to deal with Groupthink? • Encourage the team members to speak their mind. • Each team member should have a critical evaluation role.

Questions? Please don’t ask!!! Let’s move on…… Groupthink 14 .

Back up Groupthink 15 .

Illusion of unanimity where the deafening silence is taken as a sign that everyone agrees. Groupthink 16 .Illusion of invulnerability where people are too optimistic and upbeat and ignore the problem signs. • 5. • 4.Illusion of morality where everyone in the group believes their decisions are morally correct. • 6.Self-censorship where people are frightened of raising any doubts or asking questions.Rationalization where the group explains away information or opinions that are contrary to the prevailing point of view.Collective conformity where members of the group pressure anyone dissenting to get into line.• 1. • 3. • 7. leading to poor risk management and a failure to plan for contingencies.Self appointed gatekeepers who make sure that any information contrary to the prevailing point of view does not get through. • 2.

References • • • • http://en.s:0&bi w=1311&bih=625 http://inventorspot.html&docid=EpkK95kB9hp2dM&w=640&h=512&ei=ykYyTtG0I6PViAKrurnDCA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1014&vpy=2 75&dur=4028&hovh=201&hovw=251&tx=137&ty=98&page=1&tbnh=137&tbnw=176&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429.html&docid=_eRu2XSZlQRuM&w=200&h=200&ei=sY0vTv2wB8ffiALqgsQr&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=200&vpy=239&dur=40&hovh=160&hovw=1 60&tx=86&ty=76&page=6&tbnh=136&tbnw=137&start=91&ndsp=19&ved=1t:429.com/imgres?q=groupthink&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&tbm=isch&tbnid=wrtKWGROgF0UM:&imgrefurl=http://www.com/self-censorshipcensorship-challenge-demotivational-posters104092.com/charlotte/?p=367 http://ariane-arianeatu.com/2007/11/21/we-will-not-be-silent/we-will-not-be-silent/ http://www.com/articles/does_social_media_produce_groupthink_30660 • • • • Groupthink 17 .r:6.wordpress.s:91&biw=1311&bih=625 http://www.wikibooks.r:11.com/ http://www.com/Connected_Decisions-group-decision-makinggroupthink.com/2011/04/ http://spokanepoliceabuses.org/wiki/Managing_Groups_and_Teams/Groupthink http://rebarcamp.superheronation.motifake.decision-making-solutions.google.blogspot.google.com/imgres?q=selfcensorship&um=1&hl=en&sa=G&tbm=isch&tbnid=wBl8FFXr8vIaFM:&imgrefurl=http://www.

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