Assessing the Community

Chapter 11

Defining the Community • A permeable and dynamic collection of citizens who interact with each other and their environment. • See page 217 for WHO definition . and who share common traits. qualities. and/or geographical boundaries (Hitchcock et al. features. social structures. 2010). culture.

Defining the Community con’d • Context and resource • Community as client • Political and Relational Aspects of Community The Holographic Community pg 219 Communities of Interest .

In order to reach a full state of physical. seen as a resource of everyday life. an individual or group must be able to identify and to realize aspirations. mental and social well-being. to satisfy needs. therefore. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources. . not the objective of living. Health is. and to change or cope with the environment.Defining Healthy Community • Health Promotion defined by the WHO (1986). is the process of enabling people to increase control over. and to improve their health. as well as physical capacities.

planning. and evaluation as detailed in the document Health for all by the year 2000.WHO identified the belief in the importance of active community participation and partnership during all stages of health care services delivery including assessment.Dimensions of community Competence Table 11-1.• Community participation in community assessment. delivery. . overcome a problem or meet a need in the community. • Community organization is a strategy used to promote health. How Community Organization Enhances Community Competence Table 11-2.

Felt need 2. Normative need 4. Expressed need 3. Comparative need .Defining Need • Types of Need According to Bradshaw (1972) 1.

8. . 4. 3. 6. 5. 10.The Community Assessment Process 1. 9. 7. Identification of available resources Establishment of project team and steering committee Development of a research plan and time frame Collection and analysis of information already available Completion of community research Analysis of results Reporting back to the community Setting priorities for action Determination of responses to the needs identified. 2. Planning and implementation.

Community Assessment Tools • • • • • • • • • Demographic and epidemiological data Liturature review Previously conducted community survesy Participant observation (windshield survey) Key informants Surveys of community members Focus groups Community forum Nominal group process .

other health care professionals and stakeholders in order to achieve a common identified goal (PHAC 2007).The future • Working together with members of the community. groups and communities toward the discovery of their strengths and their ability to take action to improve quality of live (CHNAC 2003) . • CHN utilize empowering strategies that help to build capacities by moving individuals.

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