GUIDED BY:GAYATRI NAYAK LECTURER

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CONTENTS
o Introduction
o Diamond chip o Carbon nanotubes

o Carbon features
o Carbon transistor o Advantages o Limitation

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INTRODUCTION
o Electronics without silicon is unbelievable
o Today, we are using silicon for the manufacturing

of Electronic Chip

o But, it has many disadvantages such as being

bulky in size, slow in operating speed etc group in the periodic table

o Carbon, Silicon and Germanium belong to the same

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WHAT IS DIAMOND CHIP? HOW IS IT POSSIBLE?
oDiamond chip is nothing but carbon chip. o Carbon chip is an electronic chip

manufactured on a diamond structural carbon wafer. oit is possible through doping process

Source:www.seminarprojects.com
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WHAT IS A CARBON NANOTUBE?
o Carbon nanotubes were

Invented in 1991 o It is a nanosize cylinder of carbon atoms o They are made of one or several concentric walls in which carbon atoms are arranged in hexagonal pattern
Source:www.technologyreview.com
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HOW NANOTECHNOLOGY WORKS?
o Imagine a sheet of carbon

atoms, which would look like a sheet of hexagons. o If we roll that sheet into a tube, we have a carbon nanotube. o Carbon nanotube’s properties depend on how you roll the sheet.

Source:www.seminarprojects.com

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CARBON FEATURES….
o Carbon will succeed silicon

as the predominate semiconducting material for the integrated circuits of the future. o Carbon--which sits just above silicon on the periodic table can surpass silicon’s abilities in thermal performance, frequency range and perhaps even superconductivity.
Source:www.technologyreview.com
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CARBON TRANSISTORS
o Transistors less than one-quarter

the size of the tiniest silicon ones - and potentially more efficient - can be made using sheets of carbon . o Graphene also conducts electricity faster than most materials since electrons can travel through in straight lines between atoms without being scattered.

Source:www.seminarprojects.com

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TRANSISTORS
o Piece of graphene are placed on the top of silicon and position this over matallic grate. o Acid was used to dissolve the silicon, leaving graphene suspended across 500 nm gaps. o The ripples extend about 1 nm up and down and are around 25 nm across. It's not flat at all.
Source:www.technologyreview.com
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ADVANTAGES
o SMALLER COMPONENT
 As the size is smaller—it is possible to cut very smaller line through diamond structure carbon.

o FASTER THAN SILICON CHIPS
 Mobility inside carbon is higher than that of silicon.  As size of silicon is higher than that of carbon, the chance of collision of electrons ,with larger silicon atom increases as compared to carbon chips.

Source:www.seminarprojects.com

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ADVANTAGES
 IT WORKS AT HIGHER TEMPERATURE  At very high temperature crystal

structure of silicon will collapse
 LARGER POWER HANDLING CAPACITY  It is assumed that carbon transistor

will deliver one watt of power at rate of 100 GHZ

Source:www.seminarprojects.com
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LIMITATIONS
o MUCH MORE EXPANSIVE THAN SILICON  A four-millimeter-square diamond substrate costs several tens of thousands of dollar compared to virtually nothing for silicon.
o ELECTRICITY CANNOT TRAVEL SMOOTHLY

THROUGH DIAMOND
 Researches are seeking impurities that can be

added to aid electricity flow.

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CONCLUSION
o This chip would be most useful in devices located

near hot burning engines. o Diamond chip thus replaces the need of silicon in every aspect of future generation.

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REFERENCESS
o Diamond science and technology, volume- 1

o Chip technology

Jörg D. Hoheisel – Technology & Engineering o Electro technology ,volume- 41 o www.chipcatelog.com o www.cpucollector.com

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THANK YOU

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