primary airport serving the Seoul national capital area. the world's second busiest airport in terms of international cargo and freight. Incheon International Airport is the main hub for Korean Air.[4] The airport has a golf course. replacing the older Gimpo International Airport.Incheon International Airport . the capital and largest city of South Korea.[5] The airport opened for business in early 2001. The airport serves as a hub for international civilian air transportation and cargo traffic in East Asia. Shanghai (Hongqiao).  Located 70 km (43 mi) west of Seoul. it was rated the best airport in the world by the Airports Council International and received the full 5-star ranking by Skytrax. Osaka (Kansai) and limited service to Nagoya and Tsushima. which now serves mostly domestic destinations plus shuttle flights to Tokyo (Haneda). indoor gardens and a Museum of Korean Culture. a casino. private sleeping rooms. a recognition shared only by Hong Kong International Airport and Singapore Changi Airport. Incheon International Airport is also currently Asia's eighth busiest airport in terms of passengers. Asiana Airlines and Polar Air Cargo. and the world's ninth busiest airport in terms of international passengers in 2010. From 2006 to 2008.   . and one of the largest and busiest airports in the world. ice skating rink. spa.

by the late 1980s. effectively connecting the once separate Yeongjong and Yongyu islands.   It is connected to the mainland by Incheon International Airport Expressway (Expressway 130). Construction of Incheon Airport began in 1992. It replaces the city’s Gimpo Airport which. and several backup highway buses escort people from places within and outside Seoul. The airport is served by frequent bus service from all parts of South Korea as well as by traditional ferry service between Yeongjong pier and Incheon. . That area between the two islands was reclaimed for the construction project. The expressway also connects Gimpo International Airport to provide connections between domestic flight service with international air traffic. Airport limousines operate around the clock from Seoul to Incheon. an advantage that makes it much easier to travel from southern Korean regions to Incheon. and then to airports all over the globe. an administrative district of Incheon. a part of which is Yeongjong Bridge. by reclaiming 5. had reached capacityThe two islands were originally separated by shallow sea.615 hectares of land between Yeongjong Island and Youngyu Island.Overview  Incheon International Airport is located west of Incheon's city center. The reclaimed area as well as the two islands are all part of Jung-gu.

in the world by the (ACI). The Incheon International Airport Railroad connects Incheon International Airport to Gimpo International Airport and Seoul Subway Line 5 and Line 9 which opened March 23. with an additional six months to test. . The airport was officially opened in March 2001. It was constructed on reclaimed land between Yeongjong Island and Youngyu Island.[6] A further extension in December 2010 connects the airport to Line 2. The airport was awarded the Best in Service Award in Class at the 1st International Conference on Airport Quality and Service by the IATA and the Airports Council International (ACI). In the 1990s.[7]   History After the Seoul Olympics of 1988. and ranked second in Best Airport Worldwide. behind Hong Kong International Airport. construction of the Incheon airport began in November 1992. Line 4.[citation needed] To reduce the load on Gimpo International Airport. It was also ranked No. international air traffic to Korea increased. and took eight years to construct. 2007. it became apparent that Gimpo International Airport could not cope with the increase in air traffic. and Line 6.

As a result in February 2002. Originally the construction was supposed to have ended by December 2008. Tests on the runways. mostly involving baggage handling. and the airport began to operate normally. and because of regional disease epidemics in Korea and China. Most of the problems were fixed within a month. taxi-ways and ramps showed that the airport could handle the aircraft. the construction schedule was modified to allow the construction to end by July 2008. Initially there were numerous problems. On 15 November 2006 the Airbus A380 landed at the airport as part of the first leg of its certification trip. To further upgrade service Incheon and major Korean logistics firm Hanjin Corporation (parent company of the Korean Flag Carrier. the airport’s security and medical inspection equipment were upgraded. Due to the Beijing Olympics in 2008. the Yeongjong Medical Centre is expected to serve nearby residents and some of Korea's annual 30. 2001. Korean Air) agreed on 10 January 2008 to build a ninestory hospital near the airport. however.which required the system to be operated semi-automatically.000 medical tourists     .S. attacks in the U.. Air traffic increased markedly and by early 2002 it became apparent that the airport would be saturated by 2006.     After the September 11. Once construction is complete in 2011. the construction of the second phase was initiated.

                   February 1992: Master plan approved November 1992: Phase I construction and site preparation initiated July 1994: North and south dikes completed March 1996: Formally named Incheon International Airport May 1996: Passenger terminal construction Initiated December 1996: Runway construction initiated 30 June 2000: Construction of basic components completed July 2000: Test operations begin November 2000: Opening date announced 29 March 2001: Airport officially opened February 2002: Phase II construction started November 2002: New passenger airline parking stands constructed (Phase 2) October 2003: Construction of new cargo terminal initiated (Phase 2) November 2003: Intra Airport Transit (IAT) system construction initiated (Phase 2) December 2003: Third runway construction initiated (Phase 2) June 2004: Passenger concourse construction initiated (Phase 2) April 2005: Final construction of passenger concourse (Phase 2) March 2007: Airport railroad started operation June 2008: Phase II construction completed .

7 million metric tonnes yearly.340. and a cargo capacity of 1. This was changed. international business centre. a passenger terminal with a floor space of 496.Construction stages The airport was originally planned to be built in three phases.000 sq ft).000 square metres (5. and integrated operations centre. an administrative building. and a government office building were constructed. In this phase. to four phases after the airport was opened. a transportation centre (the Integrated Transportation Centre. a control tower. the airport had a capacity of 30 million passengers per year. . three cargo terminals. however. incrementally increasing airport capacity as the demand grew. designed by Terry Farrell & Partners). two parallel runways. Phase 1 In Phase 1.


500.  Phase 2 Phase 2 construction began in 2002 and was originally expected to be completed in December 2008.000 ft)-long runway and a 13-hectare cargo terminal area were added. including the newer and better ASDEX with MRI (Multi Radar Tracking) function. there were numerous equipment upgrSOIades during the phase. The installation of four additional sets of ASDE-X antennas is planned to reduce blind spots during heavy rainfall and in preparation for the new runway. the airport has an annual capacity of 410.5 hectare concourse connected to the main passenger building via two parallel 870 metres (2.000 passengers.[9] With the completion.000 flights. the schedule was modified and Phase 2 construction was completed on 20 June 2008. During this construction phase. However. and the ADS-B (Automatic Dependent Surveillance-Broadcast) system with the RIMCAS (Runway Incursion Monitoring and Conflict Alert System) function. with a "Shuttle train" Mitsubishi Crystal Mover APM shuttling passengers between the concourse and the main terminal. . 44.000.000 metres (13. in an attempt to have the airport ready for the 2008 Beijing Olympics which took place in August 2008. A 16. a third parallel 4.850 ft) long underground passageways was added. In addition.000 metric tonnes of cargo. and nearly 4.

5 million tonnes. Plans for Incheon's expansion also include adding more aprons to park planes and extending a railway line to the city centre of Seoul about 70 kilometres away from the airport. . which currently links the first terminal and the concourse. Upon completion. Upon completion. The terminals will be connected with each other by the underground "Starline" train. The South Korean government plans to add a second passenger terminal in the northern field of the airport and expand its existing cargo terminal and other infrastructure. up from the current capacity of 44 million passengers and 4.5 million tonnes.Phase 3 Plans to invest ₩4 trillion by 2015 to expand Incheon International Airport. up from the current capacity of 44 million passengers and 4.8 million tonnes of cargo a year.8 million tonnes of cargo a year. Construction will begin in 2011 with completion targeted for 2015. Incheon International Airport will be able to handle 62 million passengers and 5. Incheon International Airport will be able to handle 62 million passengers and 5.

Runway 15R/33L and 15L/33R are each 3. four satellite concourses. . Runways There are three parallel paved asphalt runways in operation.750 meters long. 15R/33L. and 1. and five parallel runways(one exclusively for cargo flights). This is evident from the amount of rubber present on each runway. 128 gates. It will be able to handle 100 million passengers and 7 million metric tonnes of cargo annually.05 meters thick. 60 meters wide. The airport is projected to be transformed into one of the top ten busiest in the world by 2020. Runway 15R/33L is used mostly for departures while runway 15L/33R is used mostly for arrivals. with further possible expansions. Upon completion. 15L/33R and 16/34. Runway 16/34 is 4000 meters long.Phase 4  Estimated to be completed in 2020 this is the final and the ultimate construction stage. the airport will have two passenger terminals.

The passenger terminal was designed by Curtis W. It is 1060 metres long. Landing and takeoffs of most passenger flights are done on the new runway and the existing runway 15R/33L while runway 15L/33R is mostly used for cargo flights for its proximity with the cargo terminals. Once Phase 4 construction is complete. RIBA of Fentress Architects.750 meters long and the other two 4. Fentress. 149 meters wide. and 33 metres high . all three runways have the same heading. the airport will have 4 parallel runways. A third parallel 16L/34R runway 4. FAIA. two of them 3. Although the runways are labelled 33 and 34.000 meters long.runway 15L/33R has more rubber on it due to the higher number of landings.000 meters long began operation in June 2008.

The terminal has 44 boarding ports (all of which can accommodate the new Airbus 380). 2 biological quarantine counters. 28 departure security ports. 252 check in counters. 8 arrival security ports. and 120 departure passport inspection counters. 6 stationary and 14 portable passenger quarantine counters. . 120 arrival passport inspection counters. 50 customs inspection ports.

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