CHICKEN POX

PREPARED BY: Ana Katrina J. Ocana

. which mostly heal without scarring. raw pockmarks.What is Chicken pox? • a highly contagious illness • it usually starts with vesicular skin rash mainly on the body and head rather than at the periphery and becomes itchy.

Causative Agent • Varicella zoster virus .

Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) • is one of eight herpes viruses known to infect humans (and other vertebrates). . It commonly causes chicken pox in children and Herpes zoster (Shingles) in adults and rarely in children.

Type of virus • Group: Group I (dsDNA) • Double stranded DNA • Virus Family :Herpesviridae .

Target population • chickenpox is primarily a disease of children • It is one of the classic diseases of childhood. . with the highest prevalence in the 4–10 year old age group.

.Modes of Transmission • Chickenpox is an airborne disease spread easily through coughing or sneezing of ill individuals • Or through direct contact with secretions from the rash.

Portal of Entry • Newly infected mouth .

skin . GI tract. on the lungs.Target System/Organ • mouth. the brain.

Signs and Symptoms In Adolescents and Adults: • Myalgia • nausea • Fever • headache • sore throat • pain in both ears • complaints of pressure in head • swollen face • malaise .

Signs and Symptoms In children: • Papular rash • development of malaise • Fever (a body temperature of 38 °C (100 °F). but may be as high as 42 °C (108 °F) in rare cases) • Anorexia .

Portals of Exit • Sneezing .

Treatment • Chicken Pox Treatment Acetaminophen .

fever. . and muscle aches.• Patients with chicken pox typically have viral-type. These symptoms can be treated with acetaminophen with doses determined by the weight of the patient. fatigue. • Children should never be given aspirin or medications containing aspirin for chicken pox or any other viral illness because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome. prodomal symptoms such as headache.

Oatmeal baths can be prepared at home also by grinding or blending dry oatmeal into a fine powder and adding about 2 cups to the bath water. One-half to one cup of baking soda may also be added to bath water to reduce itching. Adding finely-ground (colloidal) oatmeal such as Aveeno can help improve itching. .Chicken Pox Treatment .Soothing Baths • Frequent baths are sometimes helpful to relieve itching.

Chicken Pox Treatment . This or any similar over-the-counter preparation can be applied to the blisters to help dry them out and soothe the skin.Lotions • The most common lotion used for chicken pox is Calamine lotion. .

.Chicken Pox Treatment .Antihistamines • Over-the-counter and prescription antihistamines may be used to control severe itching.Dipenhydramine (Benadryl) is available over-the-counter and Hydroxizne(Atarax) is available by prescription. • The newer antihistamines such as loratadine (claritin) certrizine (Zyrtrec) and fexofenadine (allegra) can be used to control itching but do not cause drowsiness. Both of these antihistamines cause drowsiness and may be helpful at night to help the patient sleep.

fewer lesions. In uncomplicated cases acyclovir taken 5 times a day has been shown to cause shorter periods of new lesion formation. > Oral acyclovir is more strongly recommended for children with underlying skin disease such as eczema. newborns. IV acyclovir is used for people with compromised immune systems. and more rapid healing but only if started within 24 to 48 hours of the onset of the rash. Acyclovir has not been shown to decrease the rate of complications in otherwise healthy children who get chicken pox. and smokers since this group is at greater risk for complications. adults. .Chicken Pox Treatment – Acyclovir > Acyclovir (Zovirax) is an anti-viral drug that may be used to treat chicken pox.

Chicken Pox Treatment . the antiviral medications valacyclovir(Zovirax) and used to treat herpes simplex virus infections. .Other Anti-Virals • Currently acyclovir (Zovirax) is the only FDA-approved treatment for chicken pox. However. have been shown to be effective for chicken pox and are often prescribed.

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