A mechanical device that sometimes resembles a human and is capable of performing a variety of often complex human tasks on command or by being programmed in advance.A machine or device that operates automatically or by remote control Therefore.What is ROBOT? 1. 2.what device was considered the first robot and when was it developed? A CLOCK~270 BC .




which is slower than flash memory updating. It is a variation of electrically erasable programmable read-only memory (EEPROM) which.FLASH MEMORY: Flash memory (sometimes called "flash RAM") is a type of constantly-powered nonvolatile memory that can be erased and reprogrammed in units of memory called blocks. . unlike flash memory. A special form of EEPROM is flash memory. EEPROM: EEPROM (electrically erasable programmable read-only memory) is user-modifiable read-only memory (ROM) that can be erased and reprogrammed (written to) repeatedly. which uses normal PC voltages for erasure and reprogramming. is erased and rewritten at the byte level.EEPROMs do not need to be removed from the computer to be modified.

. IR Sensor: An infrared sensor is an electronic device that emits and/or detects infrared Radiation in order to sense some aspect of its surroundings.SRAM: Static RAM is a type of RAM that holds its data without external refresh. Infrared sensors can measure the heat of an object. This is contrasted to dynamic RAM (DRAM). as well as detect motion. which must be refreshed many times per second in order to hold its data contents. for as long as power is supplied to the circuit.

the other or both of the wheels is rotating. All that is required to change the robot's direction of travel is to adjust the speed and/or reverse the direction that one. along the same axis. These are mounted parallel to each other.Essentially the same technique used to maneuver a wheelchair. on opposite sides of the robot. This arrangement makes it possible to both drive and steer the robot without the need for additional steering mechanisms. differential steering employs two independently powered and controlled wheels. .

the robot will move in a straight line. .CASE 1 If both wheels rotate at the same speed and in the same direction.

. both wheels will traverse a circular path around a point centered half way between the two wheels. but in opposite directions. Therefore the robot will pivot. or spin in place.CASE 2 If the wheels rotate at equal speed.

If one of the wheels is stopped. while the other continues to rotate. . the robot will pivot around a point centered approximately at the mid-point of the stopped wheel.

CASE 4 If one wheel rotates faster than the other. the robot will follow a curved path. turning inward toward the slower wheel. .

3V Pin-50 mA Flash Memory-16 KB (2 KB used by bootloader) SRAM-1 KB EEPROM-512 bytes Clock Speed-16 MHz .ARDUINO ATMEGA168 Operating Voltage-5V Input Voltage(recommended)(7-12 )V Input Voltage (limits)-6-20 V Digital I/O Pins-14 (of which 6 provide PWM output) Analog Input Pins-6 DC Current per I/O Pin-40 mA DC Current for 3.

authorstream.APPLICATIONS http://www.com/Pr esentation/Manila-79289-historyrobots-bryan-education-pptpowerpoint/ .

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