The mobile phone (also called a wireless phone or cellular phone) is a short-range, portable electronic device used

for mobile voice or data communication over a network of specialized base stations known as cell sites. In addition to the standard voice function of a telephone, current mobile phones may support many additional services, and accessories, such as SMS for text messaging, email, packet switching for access to the Internet, gaming, Bluetooth, infrared, camera with video recorder and MMS for sending and receiving photos and video. Most current mobile phones connect to a cellular network of base stations (cell sites), which is in turn interconnected to the public switched telephone network (PSTN) (the exception is satellite phones).

Advantage and factors involving risk on the following topics
• Nowadays, cell phones are very popular. Nearly each of us have it. We like talking on cell phones, sending SMS, playing games etc. But is that a good way to communicate? To start with, with cell phones we can communicate with others wherever we are. If necessary, we can ask someone for help any minute now. Secondly, cell phones can help us with organize our daily plans. They can remind us of meetings, duties etc. They can also help us with our work ( calculator, currency converter etc.). Also, they are information sources. From Internet, WAP or new EraOmnix we can read news from country and world, sport news, interesting facts and other. Thirdly, they can give us some entertainment with phone games, WAP and SMS games. On the other hand, everybody can find us. In the long run it is very annoying. Also connections costs more money than in stationary phones. Also, cell phones are harmful to our health, because they create radiation ( from phone receiver ). In conclusion, I think that although cell phones have their weak points, they are very usable and necessary. In my opinion this is a good way to communicate.

State any laws and the punishment of the crime enforce by the law makers
• • Connecticut, New York, New Jersey and the District of Columbia each have enacted a jurisdiction-wide ban on driving while talking on a handheld cellular phone. Five states (Illinois, Massachusetts, New Mexico, Ohio and Pennsylvania) allow localities to ban cell phone use. Localities that have enacted restrictions on cell phone use include: Chicago, IL; Brookline, MA; Santa Fe, NM; Brooklyn, North Olmstead and Walton Hills, OH; and Conshohocken, Lebanon and West Conshohocken, PA. Seven states (Florida, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Nevada, Oklahoma and Oregon) prohibit localities from banning cell phone use. Eleven states (Arizona, Arkansas, California, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Rhode Island, Tennessee, and Texas) and DC prohibit the use of all cellular phones while driving a school bus. Ten states (Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Illinois, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, New Jersey, Tennessee, and Texas) and DC restrict the use of cellular phones by teens in the graduated licensing system. All but three states with cell phone bans have primary enforcement laws. New Jersey’s ban is a secondary enforcement law for everyone except school bus drivers and learner’s permit and intermediate license holders. Colorado and Maryland have secondary enforcement laws. Secondary enforcement laws may only be enforced when a driver has been stopped for another infraction.

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Actions taken on such risk on the company concern the government and you.
• The use of mobile phones by people who are driving has become increasingly common, either as part of their job, as in the case of delivery drivers who are calling a client, or by commuters who are chatting with a friend. While many drivers have embraced the convenience of using their cellphone while driving, some jurisdictions have made the practice against the law, such as the Canadian provinces of Quebec, Nova Scotia, and Newfoundland and Labrador as well as the United Kingdom, consisting of a zero-tolerance system operated in Scotland and a warning system operated in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Officials from these jurisdictions argue that using a mobile phone while driving is an impediment to vehicle operation that can increase the risk of road traffic accidents. Like all high structures, cellular antenna masts pose a hazard to low flying aircraft. Towers over a certain height or towers that are close to airports or heliports are normally required to have warning lights. There have been reports that warning lights on cellular masts, TVtowers and other high structures can attract and confuse birds. US authorities estimate that millions of birds are killed near communication towers in the country each year.[44]

An example of the way mobile phones and mobile networks have sometimes been perceived as a threat is the widely reported and later discredited claim that mobile phone masts are associated with the Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD) which has reduced bee hive numbers by up to 75% in many areas, especially near cities in the US. The Independent newspaper cited a scientific study claiming it provided evidence for the theory that mobile phone masts are a major cause in the collapse of bee populations, with controlled experiments demonstrating a rapid and catastrophic effect on individual hives near masts. [45] Mobile phones were in fact not covered in the study, and the original researchers have since emphatically disavowed any connection between their research, mobile phones, and CCD, specifically indicating that the Independent article had misinterpreted their results and created "a horror story".[46][47][48] While the initial claim of damage to bees was widely reported, the corrections to the story were almost non-existent in the media.

Implementation on law enforcers
• Law enforcement have used mobile phone evidence in a number of different ways. In the EU the "communications of every mobile telephone user are recorded". In other countries, evidence about the physical location of an individual at a given time has been introduced by triangulating the individual's cellphone between several cellphone towers. This triangulation technique can be used to show that an individual's cellphone was at a certain location at a certain time. The concerns over terrorism and terrorist use of technology prompted an inquiry by the British House of Commons Home Affairs Select Committee into the use of evidence from mobile phone devices, prompting leading mobile telephone forensic specialists to identify forensic techniques available in this area. NIST have published guidelines and procedures for the preservation, acquisition, examination, analysis, and reporting of digital information present on mobile phones can be found under the NIST Publication SP800-101. In the UK in 2000 it was claimed that recordings of mobile phone conversations made on the day of the Omagh bombing were crucial to the police investigation. In particular, calls made on two mobile phones which were tracked from south of the Irish border to Omagh and back on the day of the bombing, were considered of vital importance.Further example of criminal investigations using mobile phones is the initial location and ultimate identification of the terrorists of the 2004 Madrid train bombings. In the attacks, mobile phones had been used to detonate the bombs. However, one of the bombs failed to detonate, and the SIM card in the corresponding mobile phone gave the first serious lead about the terrorists to investigators. By tracking the whereabouts of the SIM card and correlating other mobile phones that had been registered in those areas, police were able to locate the terrorists.

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