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Moldova

The Flag

Population: ~ 4 million people


Moldovans - 75,81% Ukrainian - 8.4% Russians - 6% Gagauz 4,46% Bulgarians 1,94%

Language: Romanian

The main population is Moldovans however Moldova is a multiethnic country where Moldovans, Russians, Ukrainian, Gagauz, Bulgarian cultures coexist together making up one of the most unique and exquisite nations in Europe.

Moldova has 4 seasons:

Autumn

Moldova - the country of Orchards

and Vineyards

Moldova has been called the horn of plenty because of the fertile soils and the abundance of fruit and vegetables that are collected in autumn. Moldovan farmers dont use herbicides and pesticides as well as fertilizers this is why all Moldovan frut and vegetables are 100% organic and THE BEST TASTING

Autumn is also harvest time

And fun time with a celebration of a rich harvest called Golden Autumn

With an Autumn Fairy and Fruit and Vegerable contest

1st of September Day of Knowledge and official start of school throughout the country

Wine Festival

Moldovan wines are well known throughout the world for their delicate taste, aroma and refinement.

Old wines that are stored in wine cellars and in the chateau, had become a distinctive feature of Moldova.

Millestii Mici the longest wine cellar with the largest wine collection in Europe

Underground cellars "Milestii Mici" have a length of more than 200 km and were included in the Guinness Book of Records as the largest wine collection in Europe. The "Golden Collection" includes about 2 million bottles of harmonious wine. It is a true underground wine city with its infrastructure, roads (more than 120 km of underground streets!), traffic signs, lights, wine rivers flowing through special tubes, on the banks of which, instead of houses are huge barrels.

Cricova Winery

The second largest underground city is considered "Cricova". Cricova collection consists of over one million of bottles of old vintage wines. Of course, most of them are produced by Cricova, but there are also wines from many countries of the world, including the famous collection of Hering.

Hramul Orasului/Satului

Winter with snow and extreme temperatures

Time for leisure and spiritual sharing Time for ezatoare

Winter - time for fun and dress up

Time for Christmas and New Year Caroling (Colindatul)

The Little Plough Plugusorul


Plugusorul is a small plough. In Romanian folklore is a traditional procession with a decorated plough, on New Years' Eve. This is a well wishing custom for the field fruitfulness into the new year. This custom arises from "Carmen arvale", a Roman wish for bountiful crops. The ploughmen are teenagers and children carrying whips, bells and pipes in their hands.

Sorcova

"Sorcova" is a special bouquet used for New Year's wishes early New Years morning. Children wish people a Happy New Year! while touching them lightly with this bouquet. After they have wished a Happy New Year to the members of their family, the children go to the neighbors and relatives. Traditionally, the "Sorcova" bouquet was made up of one or several fruit - tree twigs (apple-tree, pear-tree, cherry-tree, plum-tree); all of them are put into water, in warm place, on November 30th (St. Andrews Day), in order to bud and to blossom on New Year's Eve.

Sorcova, vesela, S triti, s-mbtrniti, Ca un mr, ca un pr, Ca un fir de trandafir,Tare ca piatra, Iute ca sgeata, Tare ca fierul, Iute ca otelul,Peste var, primavar, Nici capul s nu te doar, La anu' si la multi ani ! Merry Sorcova,May your health be strong And you life long: As an apple tree As a pear stately As a rose bush fair Blossoming beyond compare: Strong as a granite rock Quick as an arrows shock Hard as an iron bar Tougher than steel by far, Over summer, over spring,May your health be great A New Year with happinessAnd in everything success.

The Goat Tradition Capra


Throughout the season, teenagers and young adults especially enjoy caroling with the Goat. The Goat is actually a usually boisterous young person dressed up in a goat costume. The whole group dances through the streets and from door to door, often with flute music. This tradition comes from the ancient Roman people and it reminds us of the celebration of the ancient Greek gods.

Bear Custom Ursul

This custom is known only in Moldavia, a part of Romania, on the Christmas Eve. In this case a young person dresses up in a bear costume adorned with red tassels on its ears, on his head and shoulders. The person wearing the bear costume is accompanied by fiddlers and followed by a whole procession of characters, among them a child dressedup as the bear's cub. Inspired by the crowds singing: "Dance well, you old bear, And Ill give you bread and olives", the bear grumbles and imitates the steps of the bear, striking strongly against the earth with the soles of its feet to the sound of drums and pipes.

Ursul

The Star Carol Steaua

Children make a star using colored paper and then they put in its middle an icon of Jesus. Many of children decorate their star using shiny tinsel. The Star Carol is a tradition during the 3 days of Romanian Christmas. While holding the star in the hands the children sing: "The star has appeared on high, Like a big secret in the sky, The star is bright, May all your wishes turn out right"

Spring the time of joy and hard work as well as more holidays

Martisor is a traditional celebration of the beginning of spring, on March 1st. It is a tradition in Romania , Moldova

Mrior, is the name for the red and white string from which a small decoration is tied, and which is offered by people on the 1st day of March. Giving this talisman to people is an old custom, and it is believed that the one who wears the red and white string will be strong and healthy for the year to come.

Calusarii

Due to their connection with the fairies, the Calusari were believed to be able to cure the victims of fairies and for around two weeks - from three weeks after Easter till Whitsunday would travel to all the local communities where they would dance, accompanied by a few fiddlers, in order to do so.[3] In their dance, the Cluari carried clubs and a sword, as well as a flag and a wooden horsehead.

Dragaica - Sanzienele

It is a ritual dance that celebrates the prosperity and the protection of the crops

Wells

Traditional Interior