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Global summary of the AIDS epidemic, 2008

Number of people living
with HIV in 2008

Total
Adults
Women (aged 15 and above)
Children under 15 years

33.4 million [31.1 – 35.8 million]
31.3 million [29.2 – 33.7 million]
15.7 million [14.2 – 17.2 million]
2.1 million [1.2 – 2.9 million]

People newly infected
with HIV in 2008

Total
Adults
Children under 15 years

2.7 million [2.4 – 3.0 million]
2.3 million [2.0 – 2.5 million]
430 000 [240 000 – 610 000]

AIDS-related deaths
in 2008

Total
Adults
Children under 15 years

2.0 million [1.7 – 2.4 million]
1.7 million [1.4 – 2.1 million]
280 000 [150 000 – 410 000]

December 2009

1

7 million [ 2.4 million] December 2009 2 .1 – 35.0 million [1.4 million [31.7 – 2. 2008 • People living with HIV 33.4 – 3.0 million] • Deaths due to AIDS in 2008 2.8 million] • New HIV infections in 2008 2.Global estimates for adults and children.

3] [220 000 – 310 000] 850 000 75 000 <0.1 million] [1.0 million 170 000 0.3 million] [240 000 – 320 000] [0.0 million] [<0.6 77 000 [1.2 – 0.8 million 280 000 0.2 1.2 – 0.1 – 35.8 – 2.4 – 1.4 – 4.7 million 0.1 – 1. 3 .9 – 1.5 million 110 000 0.8 million] [2.1] [46 000 – 71 000] 2.3 – 0.2 – 1. based on the best available information.4 million [20.4 million 1.9 – 5.4 – 3.6] [66 000 – 89 000] 240 000 20 000 1.5 – 0.7 million] 310 000 35 000 0.3 13 000 [710 000 – 970 000] [23 000 – 35 000] [0.0 million [31.4] [1100 – 3100] 33.6 million] [36 000 – 61 000] [0.4] [1.8] [1.6 – 2.4 million 2.7 87 000 [1.7] [9100 – 55 000] 59 000 3900 0.3] [15 000 – 25 000] 3.1 59 000 [700 000 – 1.4 million 55 000 0.Regional HIV and AIDS statistics and features.7 million] [100 000 – 130 000] [0.0 12 000 [220 000 – 260 000] [16 000 – 24 000] [0.2 – 0.6 – 0.1] [9300 – 14 000] 1.3] [10 000 – 15 000] 1.0 million] [58 000 – 88 000] [<0.8 – 24.2 million] [4. 2008 Adults & children living with HIV Sub-Saharan Africa Middle East & North Africa South and South-East Asia East Asia Latin America Caribbean Eastern Europe & Central Asia Western & Central Europe North America Oceania TOTAL December 2009 Adults & children Adult prevalence newly infected with HIV (15‒49) [%] Adult & child deaths due to AIDS 22.5 – 0.7 – 2.2 million] [150 000 – 200 000] [0.4 million] The ranges around the estimates in this table define the boundaries within which the actual numbers lie.3 270 000 [3.9 million 5.6 23 000 [1.3 2000 [51 000 – 68 000] [ 2900 – 5100] [<0.8] [72 000 – 110 000] 850 000 30 000 0.8 2.8 – 0.2 20 000 [250 000 – 380 000] [24 000 – 46 000] [<0.

0 million] South & South-East Asia 3.4 million (31.7 million] Middle East & North Africa 240 000 [220 000 – 260 000] 310 000 [250 000 – 380 000] Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America 2.Adults and children estimated to be living with HIV.3 million] Oceania 59 000 [51 000 – 68 000] Total: 33.8 – 2.1 million] East Asia 850 000 [700 000 – 1.2 million] 22.4 – 4.8 million [3.4 – 1.0 million [1.4 million [20.6 million] Caribbean [710 000 – 970 000] 1.4 million [1.2 – 1. 2008 Eastern Europe Western & Central Europe & Central Asia 850 000 North America 1.8 million) December 2009 4 .1 – 35.5 million [1.8 – 24.

6 – 2.4 – 3. 2008 Eastern Europe Western & Central Europe & Central Asia 30 000 North America 55 000 [36 000 – 61 000] Caribbean [23 000 – 35 000] 110 000 [100 000 – 130 000] Middle East & North Africa 20 000 [16 000 – 24 000] 35 000 [24 000 – 46 000] Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America 170 000 [150 000 – 200 000] 1.9 million [1.Estimated number of adults and children newly infected with HIV.0 million) December 2009 5 .2 million] East Asia 75 000 [58 000 – 88 000] South & South-East Asia 280 000 [240 000 – 320 000] Oceania 3900 [2900 – 5100] Total: 2.7 million (2.

0 million (1.1 – 1.4 million [1.Estimated adult and child deaths due to AIDS.7 – 2. 2008 Eastern Europe Western & Central Europe & Central Asia 13 000 North America 25 000 [20 000 – 31 000] Caribbean [10 000 – 15 000] 87 000 [72 000 – 110 000] Middle East & North Africa 12 000 [9300 – 14 000] 20 000 [15 000 – 25 000] Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America 77 000 [66 000 – 89 000] 1.7 million] East Asia 59 000 [46 000 – 71 000] South & South-East Asia 270 000 [220 000 – 310 000] Oceania 2000 [1100 – 3100] Total: 2.4 million) December 2009 6 .

0 – 2. 2008 Eastern Europe Western & Central Europe & Central Asia <100 North America <100 [<100] Caribbean [<100] 20 000 [12 000 – 28 000] Middle East & North Africa 11 000 [7400 – 16 000] 15 000 [7600 – 24 000] Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America 31 000 [22 000 – 40 000] 1.1 million (1.5 million] East Asia 16 000 [11 000 – 23 000] South & South-East Asia 140 000 [91 000 – 200 000] Oceania 1500 [<1000 – 2600] Total: 2.Children (<15 years) estimated to be living with HIV.2 – 2.9 million) December 2009 7 .8 million [1.

2008 Eastern Europe Western & Central Europe & Central Asia <100 North America <100 [<100 – <200] Caribbean [<100 – <200] Middle East & North Africa 2300 [1400 – 3400] 4600 [2300 – 7500] Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America 6900 [4200 – 9700] 390 000 [210 000 – 570 000] 3700 [1700 – 6000] East Asia 3200 [2100 – 4500] South & South-East Asia 18 000 [11 000 – 25 000] Oceania <500 [<500 – <1000] Total: 430 000 (240 000 – 610 000) December 2009 8 .Estimated number of children (<15 years) newly infected with HIV.

2008 Eastern Europe Western & Central Europe & Central Asia <100 North America <100 [<100 – <200] Caribbean [<100 – <200] Middle East & North Africa 1300 [<1000 – 2100] 3300 [1600 – 5300] Sub-Saharan Africa Latin America 3900 [2100 – 5700] 230 000 [120 000 – 350 000] 1400 [<500 – 2700] East Asia 1500 [<1000 – 2300] South & South-East Asia 11 000 [4900 – 17 000] Oceania <100 [<100 – <500] Total: 280 000 (150 000 – 410 000) December 2009 9 .Estimated deaths of children (<15 years) due to AIDS.

Over 7400 new HIV infections a day in 2008 • More than 97% are in low. of whom: — almost 48% are among women — about 40% are among young people (15–24) December 2009 10 .and middle-income countries • About 1200 are in children under 15 years of age • About 6200 are in adults aged 15 years and older.

2008 global HIV and AIDS estimates Children (<15 years) • Children living with HIV 2.9 million] • New HIV infections in 2008 430 000 [240 000 – 610 000] • Deaths due to AIDS in 2008 280 000 [150 000 – 410 000] December 2009 11 .1 million [1.2 – 2.