Development of HDM-4

Neil Robertson PIARC ISOHDM Project Coordinator

The World Road Association

What is HDM-4?

The World Road Association

Purpose of HDM-4
The Highway Development and Management System is a decision tool to help you investigate your road investment choices.

Scope of HDM-4
• providing, maintaining and upgrading urban and rural roads and highways • investigating the effect of vehicles, traffic characteristics, road user costs • investigating the social and environmental effects of investments • investigating long term issues which arise over asset life cycles.

Supporting Road Investment Decisions The World Road Association .

Progress in HDM Technology The World Road Association .

The HDM Predecessors Highway Cost Model RTIM HDM RTIM2 RTIM2 PC version HDM-III HDM-III PC version RTIM3 spreadsheet HDM-Q HDM Manager 1971 1977 1979 1982 1985 1987 1989 1995 1994 1994 .

Benefits and Costs road assets. work options and costs. justification – network level strategies & programs • Primarily decision support to Loan Programs • In use for more than 10 years .1999 • Analyse and justify road investments – – – – new works maintaining existing roads life cycle economic focus .high level design.HDM-III Applications 1986 . user costs • Types of analysis – project level . demand.

a road investment analysis system with global application. .ISOHDM and HDM-4 ISOHDM The International Study of Highway Development and Management Tools is developing HDM-4 The Highway Development and Management System .

The ISOHDM Study • Internationally sponsored • Objectives – Update the knowledge and technology – user friendly – use in funding agencies & road authority PMS • In progress for 7 years – technical studies – software development and testing – software release. support and training • PIARC leading the implementation phase .

Levels of HDM Technology Knowledge Base Software Models Models RDWERUE SEE .

target 2002 .error fixes • Version 1.1 update August 2000 • major software maintenance release .0 .5 HDM-4 software Case studies database English. French & Russian editions • Version 1.0 released February 2000 • • • • HDM Series Volumes 1 .HDM-4 Product Releases • Version 1.2 update April 2001 • major software maintenance and enhancement release • Spanish edition released • Version 2.

HDM Series Collection .

HDM-4 • HDM-4 is based on a well established economic analysis framework • Models derived from large scale field experiments conducted world-wide • Significant change in scope and software technology from HDM III • International standard tool for road sector planning and management • Provides a common framework for analysis of road management options .

What has Changed from HDM-III ? • • • • • • • • • Types of Analysis & Outputs Road Deterioration Models Road User Effects Models Data Dimensions Road works Social and Environmental Effects Models Software HDM-4 is superceding HDM-III .

File Converter File Converter transfer data transfer data to external to external systems systems Vehicle Fleets Vehicle Fleets Road Networks Road Networks Road Works Road Works Projects Projects Programmes Programmes Strategies Strategies Core Data Core Data Models Model libraries can be used in other systems SEE RDWE RUE External Systems Databases. Energy and Environmental Effects SEE Safety. etc.HDM-4 System Architecture Data Managers Analysis Tools Road Vehicle Network Fleet Project Program Strategy Road Works HDM Config. PMS. RDWE : :Road Deterioration and Works Effects RDWE Road Deterioration and Works Effects RUE : :Road User Effects RUE Road User Effects SEE : :Safety. Energy and Environmental Effects PMS : :Pavement Management System PMS Pavement Management System .

Implementation in 2001 The World Road Association .

per Country 240 529 6 5 4 3 0 to 62 (38) to 6 (7) 45 to 5 (5) to 4 (15) to 3 (40) 64 .Distribution of Interest in HDM-4 Registrations (769) Developing countries Developed countries Countries (109) Developing countries Developed countries HDM-4 Interest Registrations No.

Regional Distribution of All Interests Distribution of Regional Interests Latin America/ Caribbean 17% Western Europe 22% North America 12% Central / East Europe 10% Oceania 9% East / South East Asia 8% South Asia 6% Middle East 3% Africa 11% Central / North Asia 2% .

Distribution of Industry Sector Interests Other 2% Works contractor 2% Works agency 3% Owner/management 4% Distribution of Industry Sector Interest Gov't administration 19% Gov't agency 3% Funding agency 4% Consultancy 32% Education/training 15% R&D 16% .

Implementation • Growth of user information and services • • • • • HDM-4 Information Centre Training and dissemination activities User Group and SIG activities ISOHDM / user interactions publications .

PIARC HDM-4 on the Web http://hdm4.piarc.org A source of: • support information for HDM-4 users • how to obtain the products • training opportunities • user feedback • documents • download facilities .

North and South America • user information resources • • • • training materials local customisation data case studies distance learning activities . Middle East. Latin America. South and Central Africa. Oceania. North Asia. South Asia. Africa • promoting growth of local training and support services • 65 training and dissemination events 31 countries • Western & Eastern Europe.Training Programs • promoting T&D Strategies (country / regional) • Asia. South East Asia.

Training Achievements HDM-4 Training & Dissemination Events an be ib ar C a/ ic a ia er ic As Am er st tin Am Ea La rth nia th ia a No ou As ce / S sia O rth st A No h Ea ut l/ pe So ntra ro e st Eu a C st Ea ric e Af Ea pe dl l/ ro id M tra Eu en rn C te es W 0 8 No. of Events 10 6 4 2 rs es ks ho De Se ps m m in on ar st Pr s ra C es on tio en fe ns re ta Us nc tio e ns er Pa C on pe fe rs re nc es W or C ou .

Training Achievements T & D Events by Event Type Conference Papers 8% Presentations 9% Demonstration 2% Seminars 17% Workshops 12% User Conferences 2% Courses 50% .

according to local needs – sharing information • • • • Regional meetings local practice guides web site data sharing – – – – – local self-help support circles coordinating calibration efforts assisting integration and transition efforts identifying R&D requirements coordinating interaction with ISOHDM Secretariat . responding to local needs • PIARC ISOHDM will provide support • purpose .Regional User Groups • Must be regionally managed.

User Support • First contact user support • Technical user support • User community support – user group interactions – user discussion list (email) – user meetings • General information dissemination – HDM-4 web site – PIARC dissemination – publications .

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HDM-4 Applications Management Function Planning Programming Preparation Operations Research HDM-4 Application Strategy Analysis Programme Analysis Project Analysis -all .

Example Applications • Policy & strategy studies – – – – Budget effects of minimum network standards Allocation for competing needs (eg road classes) Road use charging for establishing Road Funds Impact of transport policy on energy consumption • Works programming options – applying fixed work standards – economic optimum constrained by budget – program optimised to a network performance standard .

Example Applications • Project preparation analysis – Selection from design alternatives on life cycle cost • maintenance and rehabilitation options • widening and geometric improvement options • pavement upgrading and new construction – economic justification of project proposal • Research Studies – – – – Network implications of new vehicles Network impact of axle load limits Effectiveness of alternative road maintenance practices Impact of maintenance and rehabilitation standards .

Policy Formulation Road pricing – fuel levies – congestion charges – weight-distance charges Vehicle regulations – axle load limits – energy consumption. vehicle emissions & noise Engineering Standards – sustainable road network size – pavement design and maintenance standards .

HDM-4 Applications • Road sector policy studies • Strategic planning of road network development. maintenance and funding requirements • Optimal allocation of funds to competing needs • Formulation of national road sector funding programmes • Economic appraisal of individual road projects • Research studies .

Analytical Framework Predicts road network performance as a function of: – Traffic volumes and loading – Road pavement strength – Maintenance standards Quantifies benefits to road users from: – – – – Savings in vehicle operating costs (VOC) Reduced road user travel times Decrease in number of accidents Environmental effects .

Project Level Outputs • • • • • • Road condition indicators Road user cost details Energy & emissions Economic indicators Sensitivity analysis results Scenario analysis .

7 41.8 32.5 5 Reconstruct 30.9 56.1 1 Reconstruct : : : Year 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 : 2001 2001 2001 : 2002 2002 2002 : $m 5.Multi-year programme Rank 1 2 3 4 5 : 1 2 3 : 1 2 3 : Road Section N1-2 N4-7 N2-5 R312-1 R458-3 : N4-16 R13-23 N521-5 : N1-6 N7-9 F2140-8 : km District Work Type 20.3 : .8 3 Overlay 60mm 56.4 16.4 10.9 : Σ$m 5.2 2 Widen 4 lane : : : 30.1 6 Reconstruct 22.3 : 22.4 16.3 72.9 8.3 : 8.5 7 Overlay 40mm 12.2 9.8 9.0 4 Widen 4 lane 36.2 34.2 3 Overlay 60mm : : : 32.8 : 8.5 73.2 17.3 24.6 31.2 4 Resealing 17.6 : 22.5 2 Resealing 23.4 4 Overlay 40mm 45.4 52.

0 4.0 6.0 3.Network Condition Forecasts Effect of funding levels on network performance 7.0 5.0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Feeder Roads $30m/yr Secondary Roads $35m/yr Trunk Roads $20m/yr Roughness 2004 .

0 3.Effect of budget levels 7.0 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 100% Target .0 4.0 Roughness 80% Annual Budget 50% 5.0 6.

Optimal budget requirements 250 200 150 100 50 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 Development Improvement Periodic Routine US $ m/year .

What is HDM-4 capable of? The World Road Association .

Features of HDM-4 • Road Deterioration & Works Effects Models for current practice: – – – – – bituminous concrete cement concrete granular stabilised unpaved • Road User Effects Models – motorised & nonmotorised traffic effects – wide range of vehicle types – vehicle operating costs – time costs – congestion effects .

Environment & Energy Models – accident costs – emission effects – total energy balance • Customise to local requirements – calibrate models to local experience – establish local default data settings – define aggregate data classes – localise reports .Features of HDM-4 • Safety.

Features of HDM-4 • Assess the worth of road investments – life cycle analysis – economic return – total energy balance • Spectrum of applications – – – – broad policy studies works programming detailed project studies research studies • Spectrum of extent – road networks – single section .

Features of HDM-4 • User interface – Familiar and intuitive (Win95/98/NT) – Data management functions – User-definable reports and standard templates • User documents – – – – – overview applications software technical calibration .

The HDM-4 Products • HDM-4 software on CD ROM • Case study data sets • HDM Series documents .

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