•Yes, green marketing is a golden concept. • As per Mr. J. Polonsky, green marketing can be defined as, "All activities designed to generate and facilitate any exchange intended to satisfy human needs or wants such that satisfying of these needs and wants occur with minimal damaging input on the national environment.“ •Green marketing involves developing and promoting products and services that satisfy customer's want and need for Quality, Performance, Affordable Pricing and Convenience without having a unfavorable input on the environment.

GREEN MARKETING  It is the marketing of products that are assumed to be environmentally safe. .

the evolution of green marketing has three phases.Evolution of Green Marketing :  The green marketing has evolved over a period of time. It came . which take care of pollution and waste issues. and during this period all marketing activities were concerned to help environment problems and provide remedies for environmental problems.  Second phase was "Environmental" green marketing and the focus shifted on clean technology that involved designing of innovative new products.  Third phase was "Sustainable" green marketing.  According to Peattie (2001).  First phase was termed as "Ecological" green marketing.

)  Interest of customers towards environment. and  Enjoy a competitive advantage over the companies which are not concerned for the environment.  Increase their profit sustainability.. (As resource are limited & wants are unlimited. .Why Green Marketing?  Proper utilization of resources:. Benefits of Green Marketing :  Invention of new products &services.

They are –      Opportunities or competitive advantage Corporate social responsibilities (CSR) Government pressure Competitive pressure Cost or profit issues .Adoption of Green Marketing There are five reasons for which a marketer should go for the adoption of green marketing.

 Competitor's environmental activities pressure firms to change their environmental marketing activities.  Organizations believe that have a moral obligation to be more socially responsible. .  Governmental bodies are forcing firms to become more responsible. Organizations recognize environmental marketing to be an opportunity that can be used to achieve its objectives.  Cost factors associated with waste disposal or reductions in material usage forces firms to modify their behavior.

Example…. .  Macdonald’s have stopped packing their hamburgers etc in polystyrene containers and now use cardboards which comes from a renewal resource and is biodegradable or recyclable..

Role of Government:  Government regulations relating to environmental marketing are designed to protect consumers in several ways.  Reduce production of harmful goods or by products.  Modify consumer and industry’s use and/or consumption of harmful goods. .  Ensure that all types of consumers have the ability to evaluate the environmental composition of goods.

The 4 P's of green marketing are that of a conventional marketing but the challenge before marketers is to use 4 P's in an innovative manner.Green Marketing Mix  Every company has its own favorite marketing mix. Place and Promotion. .  Product. Price.

.Product  The ecological objectives in planning products are to reduce resource consumption and pollution and to increase conservation of scarce resources .

. This value may be improved performance. Most consumers will only be prepared to pay additional value if there is a perception of extra product value. Green marketing should take all these facts into consideration while charging a premium price. function. or taste.Price  Price is a critical and important factor of green marketing mix. visual appeal. design.

) Ads that present a corporate image of environmental responsibility.Promotion There are two types of green advertising:  Those that promote a green lifestyle by highlighting a product or service. (for example Panasonic.)  . Tata. (for example Videocon.

Place  The choice of where and when to make a product available will have significant impact on the customers. . Very few customers will go out of their way to buy green products.

Develop a marketing plan outlining strategies with regard to 4 P's .Strategies: The marketing strategies for green marketing include:   Marketing Audit . .

. which requires huge investment in R & D .  Majority of the consumers are not willing to pay a premium for green products . Requires a technology. which is too costly . which is costly .  Majority of the people are not aware of green products and their uses .  Water treatment technology.Challenges for Green Marketing :   Green products require renewable and recyclable material.

You must find an opportunity to enhance you product's performance and strengthen your customer's loyalty and command a higher price.  If you think customers are not concerned about environmental issues or will not pay a premium for products that are more eco-responsible. think again. Green marketing is still in its infancy and a lot of research is to be done on green marketing to fully explore its potential .Conclusion :  Green marketing should not neglect the economic aspect of marketing. Marketers need to understand the implications of green marketing.

Do this………        Less use of polythene Less use of mobile phone Crush plastic bottle after use Use disposable items Save water Save fuel avoid smoking .


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