PERIODIC TABLE AND PROPERTIES OF ELEMENTS

Atoms and ions
• Atoms
have no charge

• Ions • Charged atoms
Cations ( + charged) Anions ( - charged)

Atomic number and atomic mass • Atomic number (Z) • Number of protons = number of electrons • Z = p+ = e• Atomic mass (A) • Number of protons + number of neutrons • A = p+ + n o .

COMPLETE THE TABLE: SYMBOL Z A p+ eno Na Fe Rb +1 S-2 11 26 85 37 16 12 30 16 .

Metalloids • Zigzag line dividing metals and nonmetals • Have properties of both metals and nonmetals • They are very good semiconductors (component of microchips in electronics) .

Metalloids .

H2 C12H22O11 .CHEMICAL FORMULAS • Consists of the symbols of the elements accompanied by subscripts to the right of the symbols • Ex.

22 hydrogen.CHEMICAL FORMULAS • Subscripts – tells the number of atoms of the element on the left C12H22O11 12 carbon. 11 oxygen atoms .

Rules for Writing Formulas 1. .Represent each kind of element in a compound with the correct symbol for that element.

. no subscript is used.Rules for Writing Formulas 2. Use subscripts to indicate the number of atoms of each element in the compound. If there is only one atom of a particular element.

Write the symbol for the MORE METALLIC ELEMENT first. .Rules for Writing Formulas 3.

Metallic property DECREASING METALLIC PROPERTY INCREASING METALLIC PROPERTY .

•Oxygen is written last since it is less metallic •There are 2 atoms for oxygen. the more metallic element. is written first.EXAMPLE •Sulfur. thus a subscript of 2 is written after the symbol SO2 .

Naming Binary Compounds • Binary compounds –Made up of two elements • Ionic compounds –Contains a metal + nonmetal • Covalent compounds –Contains two nonmetals .

Ionic compounds (metal + nonmetal) • Examples: • Na and Cl • Mg and S NaCl MgS • Rule: • Name the metal (Na is Sodium) • Name the nonmetal ending in –ide (Cl is Chlorine + -ide = chloride) • NaCl is Sodium choride .

Ionic compounds (metal + nonmetal) • Examples: • Mg and O2 MgO2 • Rule: • Name the metal (Mg is Magnesium) • Name the nonmetal ending in –ide (O2 is Oxygen + -ide = oxide) • MgS is Magnesium oxide .

CaBr2 3.Na2O .Exercises: Name the following: 1.Al2O3 4.KI 2.Li3N 5.

Al2O3 4.Aluminum oxide 4.Potassium iodide 2.KI 2.Sodium oxide .Li3N 5.Na2O 1.Lithium nitride 5.Answer: 1.CaBr2 3.Calcium bromide 3.

Drop the last syllables (or two/three) in the final element and add –ide. Name the elements in the order that they appear in the formula 2.Covalent Compounds (nonmetal + nonmetal) • Examples: • C and O2 CO2 • Si and C SiC • Steps: 1. .

Add prefixes to the name of each element to indicate the number of atoms. PREFIX NUMBER MonoDiTriTetraPentaHexaHeptaOcta- 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 .Covalent Compounds (nonmetal + nonmetal) Step 3.

CO2 is Carbon dioxide carbon CO2 Two indicates the suffix Di- Oxygen + -ide is oxide .

SiC is Silicon monocarbide Silicon SiC No subscripts Carbon + -ide is carbide .

CS2 4.S4N2 .CCl4 5.Exercise: Name the following 1.SF6 3.CSe2 2.

CCl4 5.SF6 3. Sulfur hexafluoride 3. Carbon tetrachloride 5.S4N2 1.CSe2 2.CS2 4. Tetrasulfur dinitride . Carbon diselenide 2.Answer: 1. Carbon disulfide 4.

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