Labour Rights

Week 5

justice and peace? . to reflect the belief that universal and lasting peace can be accomplished only if it is based on social justice. as part of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I. • What is the connection between rights.International Labour Organisation • The ILO was created in 1919.

in conditions of freedom.” • Juan Somavia.Primary goal of ILO today • “…. security and human dignity.. ILO Director-General . equity.is to promote opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work.

and an improvement of those conditions is urgently required. ..... hardship and privation to large numbers of people as to produce unrest so great that the peace and harmony of the world are imperilled..Preamble to ILO Constitution • And whereas conditions of labour exist involving such injustice. • Can you think of some areas which require improvement to protect human rights of workers? ...

young persons and women. • Recognition of the principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value.Areas of improvement listed in the Preamble • Regulation of the hours of work including the establishment of a maximum working day and week. disease and injury arising out of his employment. • Organization of vocational and technical education. and other measures. . • Protection of children. prevention of unemployment and provision of an adequate living wage. • Protection of the worker against sickness. protection of the interests of workers when employed in countries other than their own. • Provision for old age and injury. • Regulation of labour supply. • Recognition of the principle of freedom of association.

and fairness and gender equality.Decent work • Decent work sums up the aspirations of people in their working lives – their aspirations for opportunity and income. rights. family stability and personal development. . Decent work reflects the concerns of governments. who together provide the ILO with its unique tripartite identity. workers and employers. Ultimately these various dimensions of decent work underpin peace in communities and society. voice and recognition.

in the fields. and • social dialogue and tripartism. . in wage employment or working on their own account. in their home or in the community.4 strategic objectives of decent work • Fundamental principles and rights at work and international labour standards. factories and offices. • employment and income opportunities. in both formal and informal economies. women and men. • social protection and social security. • These objectives hold for all workers.

the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour. the effective abolition of child labour. .Eight conventions identified as "fundamental“ by ILO's Governing Body • They cover subjects that are considered as fundamental principles and rights at work: freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining. and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.

Eight conventions identified as "fundamental“ by ILO's Governing Body • These principles are also covered in the ILO's Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998). There are currently over 1. representing 86% of the possible number of ratifications. the ILO launched a campaign to achieve universal ratification of these eight conventions. . In 1995.200 ratifications of these conventions.

1949 (No. 1999 (No. 29) • Abolition of Forced Labour Convention. 138) • Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention. 105) • Minimum Age Convention. 87) • Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention. 1973 (No. 1958 (No. 1951 (No. 182) • Equal Remuneration Convention. 1957 (No. 98) • Forced Labour Convention. 100) • Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention. 1930 (No. 111) . 1948 (No.ILO’s 8 Fundamental conventions • Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention.

100 & Conv. 111 . 138 & Conv.India & ILO Conventions • India is yet to become a party to Freedom of association and collective bargaining Conv. 182 • India has become a party to Elimination of forced and compulsory labourConv. Abolition of child labour Conv. 87 & Conv. 29 & Conv. 105 and Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation Conv. 98.

. the Declaration commits Member States to respect and promote principles and rights in four categories. • These categories are: freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining.Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998). • Adopted in 1998. the abolition of child labour and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation. whether or not they have ratified the relevant Conventions. the elimination of forced or compulsory labour.

Supervising implementation • The ILO has developed various means of supervising the application of Conventions and Recommendations in law and practice following their adoption by the International Labour Conference and their ratification by States. • special procedures (representation. special procedure regarding freedom of association). complaint. . • There are two kinds of supervisory mechanism: • the regular system.

together with a special procedure for freedom of association .ILO Supervisory system • Regular system of supervision: • examination of periodic reports submitted by Member States on the measures they have taken to implement the provisions of the ratified Conventions • Special procedures: • a representations procedure and a complaints procedure of general application.

at eateries as well as in certain other areas. India fully recognizes that the child has to be protected from exploitation of all forms including economic exploitation. as domestic helps.Indian position reg. 138 and 182 • Government of India fully subscribes to the objectives and purposes of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (to which India is a party) as well as the ILO Conventions No. Towards this end. Government of India has taken a wide range of measures including prescribing minimum age of 14 years for employment in hazardous occupations. . 138 and 182 (which India is yet to ratify). ILO conv.

as provided in the ILO Conventions. Recently. a National Commission for the Protection of Child’s Rights has been set up for speedy trial of offences against children or of violation of child’s rights. ILO conv. Government of India remains committed to progressively implement the provisions of Article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. .Indian position reg. in accordance with its national legislation and international obligations. 138 and 182 • Regulatory provisions regarding hours and conditions of employment have also been made. particularly paragraph 2 (a). The present socio-economic conditions in India do not allow prescription of minimum age for admission to each and every area of employment or to raise the age bar to 18 years.

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