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Labour Rights

Week 5

International Labour Organisation • The ILO was created in 1919. justice and peace? . to reflect the belief that universal and lasting peace can be accomplished only if it is based on social justice. • What is the connection between rights. as part of the Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I.

.Primary goal of ILO today • “…. equity.is to promote opportunities for women and men to obtain decent and productive work. ILO Director-General . in conditions of freedom. security and human dignity.” • Juan Somavia.

. ....Preamble to ILO Constitution • And whereas conditions of labour exist involving such injustice. hardship and privation to large numbers of people as to produce unrest so great that the peace and harmony of the world are imperilled. and an improvement of those conditions is urgently required... • Can you think of some areas which require improvement to protect human rights of workers? ..

• Recognition of the principle of freedom of association. • Organization of vocational and technical education. disease and injury arising out of his employment. • Provision for old age and injury. prevention of unemployment and provision of an adequate living wage. young persons and women. • Regulation of labour supply. • Protection of the worker against sickness. • Protection of children. protection of the interests of workers when employed in countries other than their own. . and other measures.Areas of improvement listed in the Preamble • Regulation of the hours of work including the establishment of a maximum working day and week. • Recognition of the principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value.

Decent work • Decent work sums up the aspirations of people in their working lives – their aspirations for opportunity and income. and fairness and gender equality. family stability and personal development. Ultimately these various dimensions of decent work underpin peace in communities and society. . rights. voice and recognition. who together provide the ILO with its unique tripartite identity. Decent work reflects the concerns of governments. workers and employers.

4 strategic objectives of decent work • Fundamental principles and rights at work and international labour standards. • These objectives hold for all workers. factories and offices. women and men. and • social dialogue and tripartism. in their home or in the community. • employment and income opportunities. in the fields. in both formal and informal economies. • social protection and social security. in wage employment or working on their own account. .

Eight conventions identified as "fundamental“ by ILO's Governing Body • They cover subjects that are considered as fundamental principles and rights at work: freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining. the elimination of all forms of forced or compulsory labour. the effective abolition of child labour. and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation. .

representing 86% of the possible number of ratifications.Eight conventions identified as "fundamental“ by ILO's Governing Body • These principles are also covered in the ILO's Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998). . the ILO launched a campaign to achieve universal ratification of these eight conventions.200 ratifications of these conventions. In 1995. There are currently over 1.

29) • Abolition of Forced Labour Convention. 87) • Right to Organise and Collective Bargaining Convention. 1951 (No. 1949 (No. 138) • Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention. 98) • Forced Labour Convention. 1957 (No. 105) • Minimum Age Convention. 100) • Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention. 182) • Equal Remuneration Convention. 1999 (No. 1930 (No. 1973 (No. 1958 (No.ILO’s 8 Fundamental conventions • Freedom of Association and Protection of the Right to Organise Convention. 111) . 1948 (No.

111 . Abolition of child labour Conv. 29 & Conv. 105 and Elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation Conv. 138 & Conv. 98. 87 & Conv. 182 • India has become a party to Elimination of forced and compulsory labourConv.India & ILO Conventions • India is yet to become a party to Freedom of association and collective bargaining Conv. 100 & Conv.

. the Declaration commits Member States to respect and promote principles and rights in four categories. • These categories are: freedom of association and the effective recognition of the right to collective bargaining. • Adopted in 1998. whether or not they have ratified the relevant Conventions. the abolition of child labour and the elimination of discrimination in respect of employment and occupation.Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work (1998). the elimination of forced or compulsory labour.

complaint. • special procedures (representation.Supervising implementation • The ILO has developed various means of supervising the application of Conventions and Recommendations in law and practice following their adoption by the International Labour Conference and their ratification by States. • There are two kinds of supervisory mechanism: • the regular system. special procedure regarding freedom of association). .

ILO Supervisory system • Regular system of supervision: • examination of periodic reports submitted by Member States on the measures they have taken to implement the provisions of the ratified Conventions • Special procedures: • a representations procedure and a complaints procedure of general application. together with a special procedure for freedom of association .

Towards this end. 138 and 182 (which India is yet to ratify). India fully recognizes that the child has to be protected from exploitation of all forms including economic exploitation. Government of India has taken a wide range of measures including prescribing minimum age of 14 years for employment in hazardous occupations. at eateries as well as in certain other areas. as domestic helps. 138 and 182 • Government of India fully subscribes to the objectives and purposes of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (to which India is a party) as well as the ILO Conventions No.Indian position reg. ILO conv. .

. as provided in the ILO Conventions. particularly paragraph 2 (a). 138 and 182 • Regulatory provisions regarding hours and conditions of employment have also been made.Indian position reg. The present socio-economic conditions in India do not allow prescription of minimum age for admission to each and every area of employment or to raise the age bar to 18 years. Recently. Government of India remains committed to progressively implement the provisions of Article 32 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. ILO conv. a National Commission for the Protection of Child’s Rights has been set up for speedy trial of offences against children or of violation of child’s rights. in accordance with its national legislation and international obligations.

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