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Engineering Mechanics

Rigid Body Mechanics Deformable Body Mechanics Fluid Mechanics

Statics EMCH 011 Dynamics EMCH 012

Strength of Materials EMCH 013

• Material behavior .Mechanics of Materials • Study relationship between external loads applied to a deformable body and the intensity of internal forces acting within the body. • Computation of the deformation of bodies due to external loading.

Course Outcomes 1 • Solve axially loaded members for stresses and deflections in statically determinate or indeterminate cases including thermal stresses. Develop shear and moment diagrams. . • Solve transversely loaded beams for internal shear forces and bending moments. • Solve torsionally loaded shafts for stresses and deflections in statically determinate or indeterminate cases. • Solve beams under bending for stresses.

and superposition. • Solve for the stresses in beams with combined axial and transverse loads. . • Solve axially loaded slender beams for buckling under a variety of boundary conditions.Course Outcomes 2 • Solve beam deflection problems using integration. principal stresses and construct and interpret Mohr's circle for stresses. • Solve for transformed stresses. • Solve for stresses in general cases of combined loading and check for yielding using simple yield criteria.

Statics Review: External Loads Small contact area. treat as a point FR is resultant of w(s) = area under curve. acts at centroid One body acting on another Acting on narrow area One body acting on another w/o contact .

Supports & Reactions Coplanar force systems Surface forces at supports or points of contact between bodies are called REACTIONS .

Supports & Reactions Translations and Rotations Forces and Moments .

Degrees of Freedom .Pin connections allow rotation. Reactions at pins are forces and NOT MOMENTS.

Perpendicular to the plane containing the forces .Equilibrium • Vectors: ΣF = 0 ΣM = 0 • Coplanar force systems: ΣFx = 0 ΣFy = 0 ΣMo = 0 • Draw a FBD to account for ALL loads acting on the body.

Example: Find the vertical reactions at A and B for the shaft shown. .

.150 m) = 120 N 225 N A B Ay By Comment on dashed line around the distributed load. See Page 10.FBD (800 N/m)(0. Procedure for Analysis for FBD hints.

1 1 ) − 1 1 (.1 1 (B y ) − 1 1 (.1 N 1 1 Ay = 1 . 1 ↑ N + ΣFy = 1= Ay − 1 1 + 1 11 N − 1 1 1 N 1.1 1 1m B y = 1 11 1. 1 ↓ 11N .1 1 ) 1m 1N 1m 1N 1m − 1 1 (.1 1 ) 1N 1m 1N 1m By = − .Equilibrium Equations + ΣM A = 1= . 1 1N A y = −1 .1 1 ) − 1 1 (.

. • Write and solve equilibrium equations. • Determine the centroid of an area.You need to be able to… • Draw free-body diagrams. • Know support types and their corresponding reactions. • Determine the moment of inertia about an axis through the centroid of an area.

Internal Reactions • Internal reactions are necessary to hold body together under loading. • Method of sections make a cut through body to find internal reactions at the point of the cut. .

FBD After Cut • Separate the two parts and draw a FBD of either side • Use equations of equilibrium to relate the external loading to the internal reactions. .

the section is generally taken perpendicular to the longitudinal axis. like a rod or beam. • If the member (body) is long and slender. • Section is called the cross section.Resultant Force and Moment • Point O is taken at the centroid of the section. .

• Internal reactions are used to determine stresses. .Components of Resultant • Components are found perpendicular & parallel to the section plane.

N and M. 1-3(b) V .Coplanar Force System Start with internal system of forces as shown below to get proper signs for V. Different than Fig.

(1-114) .Example: Determine the resultant internal loadings acting on the cross sections located through points D and E of the frame.

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