You are on page 1of 17

Chemical Hazards

How can we prevent chemical toxicity?

an element or a compound produced by chemical reactions on a large scale for either direct industrial and consumer use or for reaction with other chemical. As broadly applied to the chemical industry.Introduction  What is a Chemical? A chemical is a substance that is produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules. .

These adverse effects can range from slight symptoms like headaches or nausea. to severe symptoms like coma and convulsions and death. .Introduction  Toxicity Toxicity is a general term used to indicate adverse effects produced by poisons.

Introduction  Chemical accident Chemical accidents are unanticipated releases. . While chemical accidents may occur whenever toxic materials are stored. Significant events include the Bhopal Disaster of 1984. the most severe accidents tend to involve major chemical manufacturing and storage facilities.000 people. explosions. fires and other harmful incidents involving toxic and hazardous materials. transported or used. which released a highly toxic gas at a Union Carbide pesticides facility and killed more than 3.

Sources of Chemical Intoxication .

Hazardous wastes are by-products of many industrial and commercial processes. They all have one thing in common. . It may be a liquid.Hazardous wastes  A hazardous waste can take on many forms. but they can also be produced in the home. solid or gas. they have harmful effects on humans and the environment.

flammable) oxidizing corrosives toxic radioactive eco-toxic explosive * * * * * * * .Hazardous wastes  a hazardous waste is waste that poses substantial or potential threats to public health or the environment and generally exhibits one or more of these characteristics: ignitable (i.e.

Hazardous wastes  Characteristic Hazardous Wastes are defined as wastes that exhibit the following characteristics: ignitability. corrosives. reactivity. . or toxicity.

The term often refers to marine oil spills. where oil is released into the ocean or coastal waters. including crude oil.Chemical or Oil spillage An oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment due to human activity. The oil may be a variety of materials. and is a form of pollution. oily refuse or oil mixed in waste. . refined petroleum products (such as gasoline or diesel fuel) or by-products. Spills take months or even years to clean up. ships' bunkers.

Effects of Chemical Intoxication .

many cases can be due to side effects of radiation (radiotherapy).Effects to human  Pulmonary toxicity -It is the medical name for side effects on the lungs. Other (non-medical) causes of pulmonary toxicity can be chemical compounds and particulate matter. Although most cases of pulmonary toxicity in medicine are due to side effects of medicinal drugs. .

3. 1. Particulate matter (cars. Pulmonary toxicity due to chemical compounds. . 2.Effects to human  there are several types of pulmonary toxicity: Pulmonary toxicity due to medicinal drugs. etc) leading to pulmonary toxicity. 4. industry. Pulmonary toxicity due to radiation (radiotherapy).

Effects on Environment .

These have destroyed. . covered 58hectares of seaweed farms and 200 kilometers of coastline with the thick.128 hectares of mangrove areas. with very little hope for recovery. sludgy oil.Environmental effect Guimaras Oil Spill has already affected marine sanctuaries and mangrove reserves in three out of the only five municipalities in Guimaras with Brgy La Paz in Nueva Valencia as the hardest hit. It has reached two municipalities in Iloilo and one in Negros Occidental. 1.

How to Prevent? .

Prevention The best way to fight chemical poisoning is to prevent it in the first place. . use and storage. it is vital that everyone in contact with toxic chemicals is well versed in their proper handing. Since the vast majority of chemical poisoning cases happen as the result of household and industrial accidents.

The accidental inhalation or consumption of industrial chemicals should be treated as a medical emergency. .Tips and warnings • Depending on the chemical and the extent of contact. chemical poisoning can be extremely harmful or fatal.