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Industrial Training Report Of Submersible Motor at


Suthar vishnukumar.H.

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Definition of Submersible Motor:-

 A motor whose housing and terminal box is designed so that the motor can run under water (or another allowable liquid) -- completely submerged at a temperature of water not above 25° C.

. rotor current is produced whose direction .as given by Lenz’s law.m. to reduce the relative speed. magnetic flux produce in stator at constant magnitude.  Its magnitude is proportional to the relative velocity between the flux and the conductors and its direction is given by Fleming's right-hand rule.m. according to faraday’s laws of electro magnetic induction . the rotor starts running in the same direction.Working principle of submersible motor: Working principle of submersible motor same as Induction motor.  Due to the relative speed between the rotating flux and the stationary conductors.The frequency of the induced e.  When the 3-phase stator winding s are fed by a 3-phase supply. In this case.  The flux passes through the air gap.  Since the rotor bars or conductors form a closed circuit. an e. the cause which produces the rotor current is the relative velocity between the rotating flux of the stator and the stationary rotor conductor. as yet are stationary. is such as to oppose the very cause producing it.  Hence. Sweeps past the rotor surface and so cut the rotor conductors which.f is induced in rotor. but rotating at synchronous speed.f is the same as the supply frequency.

Cut section of submersible motor:- .

Construction parts detail of submersible motor:STATOR  Stator core Stator winding Upper bracket Lower bracket Bush bearing Motor base ROTOR Rotor shaft Rotor core Rotor bar(conductor) End ring .

5 mm according to design parameter. The slots of motor are 24.Stator core:- In this company stator core was fabricated from the cold rolled steel lamination and thickness variation of the lamination was 0. Motor is design for two poles.53 mm to 0. .

Stator winding:- .

.V. Insulated Wire. It provides more nos. Thus it is more suitable for low voltage and higher motor rating winding data. (1) P. The wire is having excellent mechanical strength to prevent any damage during its insertion in the slots.According to rating of motor two types of winding wire for the motors were used like. (2) Polly Proper Insulated Wire.C. of the turns of the same conductor size due to its lower thickness of insulation as compared to PVC insulated Wire.

Upper bracket:- Lower bracket:- Upper and lower bracket are fitted on upper and lower side of Stator body. . Brackets support provided to rotor shaft. Above brackets made of cast iron material.

Bush bearing are fitted in lower and upper Brackets for support to the rotor shaft.Bush bearing:Bush bearing made of mostly bronze material. This bearing is water lubricated in the motor. .

Motor base:- .

Thrust Bearing in Submersible Motors:- The " thrust" bearing in the motor is a fairly simple device. These bearings are not continuously rated and only take light loads. which rubs against the underside of the Stainless steel Thrust Bearing Support plate. . which consists of a resin fiber ring.

CABLE JOINTING:- Connect the leads as per red. And ensure all joints should be tightening by crimping pier as per I. and apply single layer of rubber compound tape in anticlockwise start from tape in cable insulation in such a way to cover all the leads to protect from inside water of cable then similarly apply PVC insulating tape in clockwise tape.S. Start tapping as per figure second apply single layer of rubber compound tape in clockwise on joint the apply as per I. A single layer of PVC insulation tape in clockwise follow the same tapping procedure on all the leads then makes all the together as per figure 3. . yellow. blue in required connection with the help of butt connectors.S.

Continuity test Insulation test High voltage test Rotation check .Testing of submersible motor: In this company different types of test in three phase motors are below. 4. 1. 3. 5. Hydro pressure test 2.

In this test pressure is created 10 cm/kg2 2. We then refill each chamber and pressure test the seal on each chambers’ o-rings. It should show zero resistance. . Hydro pressure test:The testing of seals consists of visually checking each chamber for well fluid or water. Continuity test:Connect the two wires of megger between two phases of the motor it shows zero resistance.1. Take this test with all the phase one by one.

is show minimum 50-mega ohms resistance.  Keep coil in water minimum 30 minutes then the connect the +Ve terminal in the terminal of the coil.megger 500/1000 V. Procedure:  Two terminals short of the megger instrument then check the reading of the megger when press button will be show be show zero.  Keep the negative terminal of megger in water or land. I.Insulation test: Apparatus: .R. If the insulation Resistance is indicating more than 200 mega ohms this reading note .

The one terminal of the high voltage in the water and another terminal gives the windings for charging. . the voltage is rapidly decreased but the voltage is not interrupted suddenly to avoid the possibility of switching transients. then this terminal discharge in the water.High voltage test: In this company high voltage test is done by at 3000 volts of the motor. • The test voltage is raised and is maintained for specific time. which may affect the result. After the The specified time.

. It should coincide with the marked arrow. connect the motor to the supply (Ensure that motor is filled with water). Check the rotation of the motor.Rotation check: To determine the correct rotation.

6. 5. 4. 2.Bearings worn out.Inadequate water level.Shaft bent. 3.VIBRATION: 1.Improper top face of tube well pipe. .Improper alignment.Impeller or rotors are unbalanced.PUMP TROUBLE AND THEIR REASONS:1.

PUMPS TAKES TOO MUCHPOWER:1. .Motor is running in reverse direction. 2. 5.Gas in water.Low voltage.Higher total head.2. 6.Mechanical friction. 4.LESS DISCHARGE: - 1.Inadequate water level. 2. 3.Mis-alignment 3.Low voltages. 3.Leakage in delivery parts.

3.NO CHARGE: 1. 2. .JAMMING: 1.Coupling broken. 5. 4. 5.Mis-alignment. 2.Higher total head.Sandy tube well.Improper assembly.Strainer / impeller choked.Lowest bowl not submerged in the water. 3.Failure of bearings. 4.Low speed. 5.4.Dry running of pump.

Jamming.6. 5. 4.Overflow relay tripped.Motor defective.PUMPS DOES NOT START: - 1.Low voltage.Starting equipment defective. 2. 3. . 6.Fuses blown off.

7.Advantage of using submersible pump:1. There is less maintenance needed in it. 6. The overall efficiency is high of the pump. The power consumption are less. 2. Its operation cost are less . It is easily installment and no need for foundation. 4. There is no problem in suction because it is arranged in the deep in water. The unit are work less noise. 5. 3.

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