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SP2040 So Paulo Strategic Plan

Mobility and Accessibility

Diagnostic Trends Propositions Looking back...

Population and Employment

Year Area Popul. (1000) Met. Reg. 1997 So Paulo Other Mun. Met. Reg. 2007 16,792 9,857 6,935 19,535 Empl. (1000) 6,959 4,627 2,332 9,066 3,601 HH Cars Emp/Pop (1000) 3,092 0,41 0,47 0,34 0,46 184 Car/Pop (veh/1000) 184

So Paulo
Other Mun.




Source: 2007 OD Survey

Population density 2007

Employment density 2007

Consequences on travel
Average travel time 1997 and 2007

Transport Supply

Metr ~70 km slow growth (~2km/year) expanding faster recently Trains ~110 km share tracks with freight on-going improvement program Bus corridors ~130 km existing plans for extension exists, but no commitment Road system highly congested rotation system based on license plate

Travel demand 2007

RMSP ~ 40 million trips/day (all modes) So Paulo ~23 million trips/day (all modes) ~2 trips/person x day (all modes) Modal split (2007) ~1/3 each private/public/walking motorized: 55% public / 45% private

Policy, Finance and Institutions

Non-integrated transport and land use policies Investment limited to fiscal sources subsidy to operations (metro, train, bus) No regional coordination fragmentation of responsibilities superposition of authorities Lack of policy addressing logistics


Demand for floorspace in 2040 25% to 30% addition to current stock where will this be located? Demand for motorized travel ~50% growth from current levels how to cater for this demand? Demand for freight limited data double between 2000 and 2020 (State) how to minimize impacts?

13 Propositions - Delphi

Demand management through land use (2) Demand management through congestions charging (1) Extending and improving supply (4) Priority to non-motorized travel (1) Financing (1) Access to the city (1) Freight logistics (1) Emissions (1) Institutions (1)

Land use propositions

Improve jobs-housing balance Agree: 96% / Importance: 96% move jobs or population?
Selective higher density with mixed use Agree: 94% / Importance: 96% e.g., urban operations on brownfields Transport in a supporting role

Transport supply propositions

Wide-coverage integrated public transport network - Modal split: 80% / 20% Agree: 88% / Importance: 90%

Metro extension to 240 km in 2040 Disagree: 18% / Importance: 86% from 7 to 20 km/million pop.

Transport supply propositions

Trains upgraded to metro standards Agree: 98% / Importance: 100% on-going project Intermediate capacity public transport system BRT, LRT... Agree: 98% / Importance: 100% what function in the integrated network?

Demand management

Congestion charging, when public transport network reaches minimum density levels Disagree: 20% / Importance: 76%

Non-motorized travel

Safe and comfortable sidewalks and cycle network Agree: 91% / Importance: 93%


Value capture Agree: 88% / Importance: 86% value added by gains in differential accessibility

Access to the city

Rail services to neighbouring major cities

(Santos, Campinas, S. J. dos Campos, Sorocaba)

Agree: 95% / Importance: 92% Rail access to airports Agree: 95% / Importance: 95% Substantial improvementes to airports capacity and service standards Agree: 100% / Importance: 97%

Freight logistics

Promote logistics projects under a coallition of stakeholders Agree: 95% / Importance: 100% ring road and ring railway projects peripherical logistic platforms with intermodal terminals

Vehicular emissions

Use new technologies to reduce emissions Agree: 98% / Importance: 93% high and intermediate capacity public transport electrified cars, buses, trucks, motorcycles to move to non-fossil energy sources

Institutional issues

Cooperative (city,state, federal) governance mechanism for planning and operation of public transport network Agree: 98% / Importance: 98%

Related catalytic projetcs

Compact city 30 minute city Can the latter be obtained without the former?

To make a long story short...

Looking back
Everybodys wish list Many are not under city responsibility Serious mobility and accessibility problems Require significant change Reacted with (current) conventional thinking although different from past policies No priorities have been clearly set

Resources needed for change


Ideas (Including ideas for obtaining money)

Some possibilities
Lots of money, lots of metro Less money, more BRTs or similar are BRTs really a Plan B? No money, one priority pedestrians the rest will come? Wide-reaching x local projects