Prepared by:Santosh Sachdeva Science Mistress Govt. Sr. Sec.

Model School, PAU Ludhiana

Teacher Trainer: Ms. Harinder Kaur Computer Faculty

Student Trainer: Ms. Rachna Computer Faculty

The Solar system consists of the Sun, its nine orbiting planets, and their moons as well as asteroids, comets, and meteoroids. The planets are, in order from the Sun: Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune and Pluto

Any major celestial body that orbits a star and does not emit visible light of its own but instead shines by reflected light.

Planet:

These are Smaller bodies that also orbit a star and are not satellites of a planet.

Asteroids or Planetoids:

Star:

Star (astronomy), massive shining sphere of hot gas. The stars visible to the naked eye all belong to the Milky Way Galaxy

Anything that revolves around a Planet is called a Satellite. These are of two types:- 1. Natural 2. Man Made

Sattelite:

Sun, closest star to Earth. The Sun is a huge mass of hot, glowing gas. The strong gravitational pull of the Sun holds Earth and the other planets in the solar system in orbit. The Sun’s light and heat influence all of the objects in the solar system and allow life to exist on Earth.

Earth would not have any life on it without the Sun’s energy, which reaches Earth in the form of heat and light. This energy warms our days and illuminates our world. Green plants absorb sunlight and convert it to food, which these plants then use to live and grow. In this process, the plants give off the oxygen that animals breathe. Animals eat these plants for nourishment.

Mercury orbits closer to the Sun than any other planet, making it dry, hot, and virtually airless. Although the planet’s cratered surface resembles that of the Moon, it is believed that the interior is actually similar to Earth’s, consisting primarily of iron and other heavy elements.

Venus is the brightest and hottest planet with a surface temperature of about 460° C (about 860° F). Scientists believe that a greenhouse effect causes the extreme temperature, hypothesizing that the planet’s thick clouds and dense atmosphere trap energy from the sun. Swirling clouds of sulfur and sulfuric acid obscure Venus’s surface and inhibited study of the planet from Earth until technology permitted space vehicles, outfitted with probes, to visit it.

An oxygen-rich and protective atmosphere, moderate temperatures, abundant water, and a varied chemical composition enable Earth to support life, the only planet known to harbor life. The planet is composed of rock and metal, which are present in molten form beneath its surface. The Apollo 17 spacecraft took this snapshot in 1972 of the Arabian Peninsula, the African continent, and Antarctica (most of the white area near the bottom).

The planet’s atmosphere consists primarily of carbon dioxide, with small amounts of nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor,& other gases. Because the atmosphere is extremely thin, daily temperatures can vary as much as 100 Celsius degrees (190 Fahrenheit degrees). The temperatures are too cold & In general, surface temperatures & pressures too low for water to exist in a liquid state on Mars. The planet resembles a cold, high-altitude desert.

Jupiter is the largest of the planets, with a volume more than 1,300 times greater than that of Earth. Jupiter’s colorful bands are caused by strong atmospheric currents and accentuated by a dense cloud cover. The massive planet, upper right, is shown here with its four largest satellites:

Saturn, distinguished by its rings, is the the second largest planet in the solar system. This processed Hubble Space Telescope image shows the planet’s cloud bands, storms, and rings as they would appear to the human.

Uranus’s blue-green color comes from the methane gas present in its cold, clear atmosphere. The dark shadings at the right edge of the sphere correspond to the day-night boundary on the planet. Uranus’s northern hemisphere remains in a four-decade-long period of darkness because of the way the planet rotates. Scientists compiled this view of Uranus from images returned from Voyager 2 in 1986, when the probe was 9.1 million km (5.7 million mi) away from the planet

The planet’s most prominent features are The large, dark oval body, surrounded by white clouds near the planet’s equator is the Great Dark Spot, a storm similar to Jupiter’s Great Red Spot. The smaller dark oval with a bright core below and to the right of the Great Dark Spot is another storm known as Dark Spot.

Pluto is farther from the Sun than the other planets in the solar system, although it occasionally moves in closer than Neptune due to an irregular orbit. The small, rocky, and cold planet takes 247.7 years to revolve around the Sun. This artist's rendition depicts Pluto, foreground; its moon, Charon, background; and the distant Sun, upper right. Pluto has the longest period of revolution: 247.7 years.

For instance, Mercury, a small, hot planet is on average, 58 million km (36 million mi) from the Sun, while icy Pluto is 5.9 billion km (3.67 billion mi) away.

Venus rotates relatively slowly around its axis, so that one day on the planet equals 58 Earth days. Jupiter is the largest planet in the system, a volume 1,400 times greater than that of Earth.

Saturn has a broad set of rings and features more than twenty satellites, the most of any planet. Mars is characterized by orange coloration and distinct polar ice caps, while methane in the atmospheres of Uranus and Neptune makes these planets a bright blue-green.

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DEFINE SOLAR SYSTEM? NAME PLANETS OF SOLAR SYSTEM. DEFINE THE FOLLOWING: 1. PLANET 2. STAR 3. SATELLITE. NAME THE BIGGEST PLANET. NAME RED PLANET. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN? 1. THE PLANET&STAR 2. PLANET&SATELLITE. WHICH IS THE NEAREST PLANET? WHICH IS THE HOTTEST PLANET? WHY MERCURY IS HOTEST? WHICH PLANET IS CALLED AS THE MORNING & EVENING STAR?

THE MATERIAL FOR THE PROJECT IS COLLECTED FROM 1MICROSOFT ENCARTA. 2TEXT BOOK OF SCIENCE CLASS IX N.C.E.R.T.

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