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What is mythology?
Some people use the word myth to mean fake, but…
Mythology is the study of stories that were used to explain the world and other human experiences.
In the same way, Greek Myths…
Were used to explain the creation of the earth, death and the afterlife, and human experiences: love, jealousy, revenge, & war. They were also used as entertainment and were only told orally because most people could not read.
love & anger. . • A god or goddess is immortal. • The immortals could not die but they did make mistakes and had human emotions such as: jealousy.Gods & Goddesses • Greek Myths include gods & goddesses. This means that they can never die and that they live forever.
• Sometimes the gods like to help. punish or even have romantic relationships with the mortals.Myths also include mortals • Mortals are men and women who live on earth. To be mortal means that you can die. .
The Immortals Here are some of them… .
• The King of the gods • God of the skies .Zeus QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are neede d to see this picture.
Zeus’ brother God of the Underworld (Land of the Dead) Hades QuickTime™ an d a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this p icture . .
QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.Poseidon QuickTime™ a nd a TIFF (U nc ompres sed ) d eco mpres sor are ne ed ed to se e this pictu re. • Zeus’ brother • God of the seas .
Hera Zeus’ Wife QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompre ssor are neede d to see this picture. Goddess of motherhood and child birth .
.Aphrodite »Zeus’ daughter »Goddess of love QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Un compressed) decompressor are neede d to see this picture.
Greek myths also include… .
Odysseus After fighting in a war for 10 years… He spends 10 more years trying to return home QuickTime™ an d a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this p icture . .
Hercales (Hercules) • He is partgod and partman • Completes 12 dangerous tasks QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompre ssor are neede d to see this picture. .
There are also… •Monsters and other creatures .
Centaurs •rude. aggressive halfhorse creatures Qu ic kTime ™ and a TIFF (Unco mpres se d) d ec ompres so r are n eed ed to se e thi s pi cture.QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this picture. .
• The leader of the Satyrs was a god called Pan.• Satyrs are half-man and half-goat. . Satyrs QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are neede d to see this picture.
fights Odysseus in his cave. Polyphemus.• One-eyed monsters • The most famous one. Cyclops .
QuickTime™ an d a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this p icture .Nymphs • female nature spirits QuickTime™ an d a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this picture . .
In our world today there are many references to Greek myths. They are also fun to learn! . Knowing these famous stories and characters will help you to better understand the world around you.
. Q u ic k Time ™ a n d a TIFF (U n c o mp r e s s e d) d e c o mp re s s o r a re n e e d e d to s e e th is p ic tu re . QuickTime™ an d a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this picture. Quic kTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompres sed) dec ompress or are needed to s ee this pic ture. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompre ssor are neede d to see this picture.Greek Mythology in advertising… QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are neede d to see this picture.
.More Mythological Images in Ads… QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Un compressed) decompressor are neede d to se e this picture. Qu ic kT i me ™ a nd a T IFF (Un comp ress ed) de comp re ss or are n eed ed to se e th is p i cture.
. the unknowable place where death dwells. Once there was Light and Day. Then out of the void appeared Erebus. Uranus was a bad father and husband. He imprisoned them by pushing them into the hidden places of the earth. Gaea's womb. silent. there was formless confusion of Chaos brooded over the unbroken darkness. From Love came Light and Day. All else was empty. Then somehow Love (Eros) was born bringing a start of order. and twelve Titans.Creation Myth In the beginning. endless. the earth (Gaea) appeared. and Night (Nyx). darkness. the three Hecatoncheires. Together they produced the three Cyclops. the god of the heavens. He hated the Hecatoncheires. Uranus became Gaea's mate. Gaea alone gave birth to Uranus.
the Ash Tree Nymphs. All were too afraid except. As he departed.This angered Gaea and she plotted against Uranus. or exiled himself to Italy. Gaea and Cronus set up an ambush of Uranus as he lay with Gaea at night. He either died. withdrew from the earth. Cronus. He imprisoned the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires in Tartarus. From the sea foam where his genitals fell came Aphrodite. throwing the severed genitals into the ocean. From his spilt blood came the Giants. . The fate of Uranus is not clear. She made a flint sickle and tried to get her children to attack Uranus. Cronus became the next ruler. and the Erinves. Cronus grabbed his father and castrated him. the youngest Titan. he promised that Cronus and the Titans would be punished. with the stone sickle.
Rhea convinced Cronus to accept his son and Zeus was allowed to return to Mount Olympus as Cronus's cupbearer. She secretly carried the child to Crete and then wrapped a stone in swaddling cloths. ate the stone. He ruled for many ages. Rhea tricked Cronus. thinking it was a baby. Rhea was angry at the treatment of the children and plotted against Cronus. He consulted Metis on how to defeat Cronus.He married his sister Rhea. She prepared a drink for Cronus which would force him to vomit up the five other children. He grew into a handsome youth on Crete. The child was Zeus. and under his rule the Titans had many offspring. . However. To avoid this Cronus swallowed each of his children as they were born. Gaea and Uranus both had prophesied that he would be overthrown by a son. Cronus. When it came time to give birth to her sixth child.
Prometheus joined Zeus as well. Atlas became their leader in battle and it looked for some time as though they would win and put the young gods down. They were thankful to Zeus and made him their leader. . He returned to battle with his new allies. Epimetheus. He and the Titans. This worked as planned and the other five children were vomited up. Zeus was had other plans. Cronus was yet to be defeated. and Oceanus. Zeus retreated drawing the Titans into the Hecatoncheires's ambush.This gave Zeus the opportunity to slip Cronus the specially prepared drink. fought to retain their power. The Cyclopes provided Zeus with lighting bolts for weapons. The Hecatoncheires he set in ambush armed with boulders. He went down to Tartarus and freed the Cyclopes and the Hecantoncheires. Being gods they were unharmed. When the time was right. except Prometheus. The Hecatoncheires rained down hundreds of boulders with such a fury the Titans thought the mountains were falling on them. However.
the gods had grown strong and with the help of Hercules. Typhoeus was a creature more terrible than any that had gone before. the Giants were subdued or killed. angry that her children had been imprisoned. Typhoeus. Zeus exiled the Titans who had fought against him into Tartarus. All except for Atlas. However. Zeus. even after this victory Zeus was not safe. Gaea. . Typhoeus was buried under Mount Etna in Sicily. Much later a final challenge to Zeus rule was made by the Giants. gave birth to a last offspring. piling mountain upon mountain in an effort to reach the top. having learned to control thunder and lightning stuck Typhoeus down. They went so far as to attempt to invade Mount Olympus.They broke and ran giving Zeus victory. But. who was singled out for the special punishment of holding the world on his shoulders. However.
having been cleared of all the monsters. . was ready for mankind. Zeus created women. Prometheus loved man more than the Olympians.Now. cunning. who had banished most of his family to Tartarus. Prometheus took over the task of creation and sought a way to make man superior. Unfortunately. He made man stand upright like the the gods did and gave them fire. the world. such as swiftness. Because of Prometheus' love of man. fur. They were given the task of creating man. So he turned to Prometheus for help. by the time he got to man Epimetheus had given all the good qualities out and there were none left for man. wings. Prometheus and Epimetheus were spared imprisonment in Tartarus because they did not fight with their fellow Titans during the war with the Olympians. strength. Epimetheus was in charge of the task of giving the creatures of the earth their various qualities.
Zeus picked the bones. This creation was Pandora. He created two piles. In his anger over the trick. the other with the good meat hidden in the hide. the first woman. Zeus sent her to Epimetheus. Since he had given his word. The gods gave the mortal many gifts of wealth. When she was completed. However. He decided to inflict a terrible punishment on both man and Prometheus. Prometheus decided to trick Zeus. Zeus was enraged that man again had fire.So when Zeus decreed that man must present a portion of each animal they sacrificed to the gods. . one with the bones wrapped in juicy fat. To punish man. A final gift was a jar which Pandora was forbidden to open. Zeus had Hephaestus create a mortal of stunning beauty. Zeus had to accept that as his share for future sacrifices. Prometheus lit a torch from the sun and brought it back again to man. he took fire away from man. He then made Zeus pick one pile.
Zeus had his servants. She opened the jar and out flew plagues. Pandora's beauty was too great and he allowed her to stay.Prometheus had warned Epimetheus not to accept gifts from Zeus but. Or meet two conditions: First. Eventually. take him to Caucasus. Pandora's curiosity about the jar she was forbidden to open became too great. and chain him to a rock with unbreakable adamanite chains. the bottom of the jar held one good thing .Hope. However. seize Prometheus. a greater punishment lay in store for Prometheus. Here he was tormented day and night Zeus gave Prometheus two ways out of this torment. It was the only good thing in the jar and remains to this day mankind's sole comfort in misfortune. that an immortal must volunteer to die for Prometheus . sorrow and mischief for mankind. Force and Violence. However. He could tell Zeus who the mother of the child that would dethrone him was.
Eventually. Chiron the Centaur agreed to die for him and Hercules killed the eagle and unbound him.Second. from Greek days to our own as the great rebel against injustice and authority of power. that a mortal must kill the eagle and unchain him. . Prometheus name has stood through the centuries.
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