Cooperatives in Israel

The modern economic growth of Israel has been considered miracle in the desert. The land of Canaan is now Israel, and the son which god promised to Abraham was Isaac. Today the country of Israel after 3,800 years since the arrival of Abraham is now a modern, democratic, and industrial state

. there is only one nation which has experienced a long and painful struggle in protecting its land and people. they decided to return to the land of Israel to build a great nation. Such nation is Israel. In the long history of mankind.After 2000 years of bitter exile in foreign countries.

Since its political independence in 1948 from Great Britain. At percent.7 million Jews who came from more than 100 countries. Israel is principally an urban society. The country has more than 4 million people. more than 50 percent of the people are native-born. Israel has welcomed more than 1. . They share one faith and a single spiritual heritage.The people of Israel Israel is the historic homeland of the Jewish people.

230 kibbutzim and 360 moshavim. They only . A kibbutz (singular of kibbutzim) is a colective or communal village while the moshav (singular of moshavim) is a cooperative village.About 10 percent of the people live in 125 rural communities. Both kibbutz and moshav are the main types of cooperative in Israel and they have contributed very substantially to the economic growth of the country.

The moshav model which combines the individual enterprise of the traditional farmer with economic and social cooperation has attracted . and 50 percent of the country’s agricultural exports.Moshav as Economic Model The moshav is now the most dominant agricultural community. The whole moshavim produce almost 50 percent of Israel food output.

Africa. one in Pampanga and the other one in Nueva Ecija.Through join programs. . In the Philippines . and Latin America. two moshav pilot projects were established. moshav farmers share their experiences and technologies with farmers from the developing countries in Asia.

In the case of farmers .Cooperatives in India The basic needs of people any where in the world are the same. Consumers are always searching for better quality goods at reasonable prices. The farmers of India organized their cooperatives to . particularly among the poor. they naturally want better prices for their crops.

cooperative business institution were organized in India. this is called bayanihan. such as cooperation among the families for education. and relief work in the village. In the Philippines.India farmers have along tradition of informal cooperation. and . charity. seed. These provided loans to farmers at low interest rate. Starting in 1904. Some cooperatives sold fertilizers.

One success story is that Pravara Shakara Karkhana Cooperatives.000 acres of farmland.Such sugar companies displaced about 1. The big sugar companies even refused . Pravara Nagar is a community in India which is dominated by sugar production. In 1940. including their homes.000 cultivators who lost more than 30.There are successful cooperatives in India. ten sugar companies were established in the said community .

together with their loans of 20 lakhs of rupees. It took them more than one year to collect six lakhs 60. Sugar tillers from 40 villages lages agreed to form their cooperative.Clearly. suggested to the tillers to organize a sugar cooperative. the poor sugar tillers were in great economic distress. It was then that Professor D. Gadgil. The India government matched their share capital. the cooperative bought a .000 of rupees .R. With its seed capital. famous leader of cooperatives.

and its business has increased tremendously. The role of the Indian Government has been to provide . the sugar cooperative has produced quality sugar. Moreover. The cooperative has developed its own transportation facility and communication system in the area. and it has paid its loan. it has purchased the share capital of the government.Today.

the government gradually phases out its participation as soon as the cooperatives become viable. However. such as accounting. In the final analysis. and supervision. the success of the cooperative greatly depends on the cooperation of .The government likewise assists cooperatives in their operations. auditing.

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