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TENSES

School :- Govt. Girls Sen. Sec. School ,


Sirhind Mandi.

Presented by:-
Jaspreet Kaur - 9thB
Simranjot Kaur - 9thB
Harpreet Kaur - 9thA
Types of Tenses
 There are three types of
Tenses:-
 Present

 Past

 Future
Present Tense
• It has four sub-types:-
• Present Indefinite
• Present Progressive
• Present Perfect
• Present Perfect Continuous
Past Tense
Past indefinite
Past Progressive
Past Perfect
Past Perfect
Continuous
Future Tense
• Futur e indefi ni te
• Futur e Pr og ressi ve
• Futur e Perf ect
• Futur e Perf ect
Conti nuous
Present Indefinite
 Subject+First form of Verb/First
form+s/es+Object
 I run a race.
 He runs a race.
 Interrogative and Negative:-
 Do/Does
 Idon’t run a race./He doesn’t run
a race.
 Do I run a race?Does he run a
race?
Present Continuous
 Subject+First form+ing+Object
 He is running a race.

 Negative:-He is not running a race.

 Interrogative:-Is he running a race?


Present perfect
 Subject+Has/Have+third
form of Verb+Object
 He has run a race.
 Negatives:-He has n’t run
a race.
 Interrogatives:-Has he run
a race?
Present Perfect Continuous
 Sub+Has been/Have been+First
form+ing+Object+ Since/For+Time
 He has been running a race for five

minutes.
 Negatives:-He has not been running a

race for five minutes.


 Interrogatives:-Has he not been running

a race for five minutes?


Past Indefinite
 Subject+II Form+Object
 He ran a race.

 Negatives and Interrogatives:-


Did+ I Form
 He didn’t run a race.

 Did he run a race?


Past Progressive
 Sub+Is/am/are+Iform+ing+O
b.
 He is running a race.

 Negatives:-He is not running

a race.
 Interrogatives:-Is he running

a race?
Past p erf ect
• Sub+ had+I II F or m+ Ob.
• He had r un a r ace .
• Ne ga ti ves: -He hadn ’t r un a
r ace.
• Inter r og ati ves: -Had he r un a
r ace?
• Inter r og ati ve+Ne ga tiv e: -H ad
he not r un a r ace?
Past Perfect Progressive
 Sub+Hadbeen+Form+ing+Ob+Since/Fo
r+Time Period.
 He had been running a race for five

minutes.
 Negatives:-He had not been running a

race for five minutes.


 Interrogatives:-Had he not been

running a race for five minutes?


Future Indefinite
 Sub+Will /Shall+IForm+Ob.
 He will run a race.

 Negatives:-He will not run a race.

 Interrogatives:-Will he run a race?


Future Progressive
• Sub+Will be/Shall
be+Iform+ing+Ob
• He will be running a race.
• Negatives:-He will not be running a
race.
• Interrogatives:-Will he not be
running a race?
Future Perfect
 Sub+Will have/Shall
have+IIIForm+Ob.
 He will have run a race.
 Negatives:-He will not
have run a race.
 Interrogatives:-Will he not
have run a race?
Future Perfect
Continuous
Sub+W ill ha ve been/ shal l
ha ve
been+I for m+ ing+O b+ Sinc e/F
or+Ti me peri od.
• He wi ll ha ve been r un ning a
r ace for five mi nutes.
• Ne ga ti ves: -He w il l not h ave
been r unni ng a r ace for five
mi nutes.
• Inter roga ti ves: -W ill he not
ha ve been r unni ng a r ace