BALWINDER KUMAR (MATH MASTER) SURINDER KAUR (MATH MISTRESS) GOVT.SR.SEC.SCHOOL VIRK (JAL.

)

. 1. To make the students familiar with term trigonometry , uses of it , basic formulas of it. 2. To create interest of students in it. 3. To make teaching of trigonometry effective.

What is Trigonometry
It

is an important branch of mathematics . It is derived from to greek words *TRIGNON meaning triangle & *METRON meaning measurement.  Thus the word trigonometry means the

USES OF TRIGNOMETRY
• Trigonometry helps us in calculating sides & angles of a triangle. • Surveying ,Geography ,Navigation Knowledge of trigonometry has been used extensively in Astronomy, ,Physical & Engineering Sciences etc.

• In right angled triangle ABC right angled at B • Let θ be the acute angle A in

right angled triangle. • Side AB opposite to angle θ is called perpendicular. • Side AC opposite to right angle is called hypotenuse. B • Remaining side BC is called base of triangle ABC.

Ө
C

 In

right angled triangle ABC. h2=p2+b2 where h=hypotenuse
p=perpendicular b=base

T- ratios OR Trignometric ratios
 Some

ratios of differents sides of tringle are called T-ratios or trignometric ratios. E.g. Sin , Cos , Tan , Cosec , Sec , Cot.

Sin of an angle θ
 The ratio of perpendicular/hypotenuse is

called the sin of an angle θ.  In short we can write it as Sinθ=AB/AC

A

Ө
B C

COS OF AN ANGLE θ

 

The ratio of base/hypotenuse is called Cos of angle θ. A In short we can write it as Cos θ=BC/AC.

Ө
B C

TANGENT OF AN ANGLE θ
 The

ratio of perpendicular/base is called Tan of angle θ. A  In short we can write it as Tan θ=AB/BC.

Ө
B C

Cosecant of an angle θ
 The ratio of hypotenuse/perpendicular is

called the cosecant of an angle θ.  In short we can write it as Cosec θ=AC/AB

A

Ө
B C

SECANT OF AN ANGLE θ
The ratio of hypotenuse/base is called Secant of angle θ.  In short we can write it asA Secθ=BC/AC.

Ө
B C

COT OF AN ANGLE θ
 The

ratio of base/perpendicular is called Cot of angle θ. A  In short we can write it as Cot θ=BC/AB.

Ө
B C

RELATION AMONG T-RATIOS

Tanθ=Sinθ/Cosθ Cosecθ=1/Sinθ Secθ=1/Cosθ Cotθ=1/Tanθ

POPULAR SONG TO LEARN
• SA RE • PAN DI T • HAR CHELE T ER E B ADRI PARS AD HAR BOLE In shor t we can wri tten as S C T P B P H H B

Si nθ=P/H Tan θ=P/B

Cos θ=B/h

T-RATIO OF SOME SPECIFIC ANGLES
θ
SINθ COSθ TANθ SECθ COTθ

0O
0
1 0

30O
1/2 √3/2 1/√3 2 2/√3 √3

45O
1/√2 1/√2 1 √2 √2 1

60O
√3/2 1/2 √3 2/√3 2 1/√3

90O
1 0 ∞ 1 ∞ 0

COSEC ∞
1 ∞

SOME TRIGNOMETRY RELATIONS
     

SIN(- θ ) = - SINθ COS(- θ ) = COSθ TAN(- θ ) = - TANθ COSEC(- θ ) = - COSECθ SEC(- θ ) = SECθ COT(- θ ) = TANθ

SOME TRIGNOMETRIC FORMULE
• SIN(90-θ) = COSθ • COS(90-θ) = SINθ • TAN(90-θ) = COTθ

SOME IMPORTANT FORMULE
SIN2θ+COS2θ = 1 SIN2θ = 1- COS2θ COS2θ = 1- SIN2θ SEC2θ-TAN2θ = 1 SEC2θ = 1+TAN2θ TAN2θ = 1- SEC2θ SIN2θ = SINθ.COSθ

QUERY SESSION
    

WHAT IS TRIGNOMETRY ? WHAT IS T-ROTIO ? WHAT IS TANGENT OF AN ANGLE ? WHAT IS SIN OF AN ANGLE ? WHAT IS COS OF AN ANGLE ?

BIBLIOGRAPHY
 ALL

THE TRIGNOMETRIC RELATION AND FORMULE ARE SELECTED FROM BOOK OF CLASS 10th OF P.S.E.B.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We are very thankful to :-Principal .We are also very thankful to Miss Priya & Miss. Paramjit who provide us guidance & encourage us to achieve the goal of enhance education.

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