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The War of the Wall by Toni Cade Bambara

What you need to know!

In the 1960s, some African-American artists started a wall of respect movement. The artists worked to create special places by painting murals on walls in their communities as symbols of their respect for the neighborhoods.

Because African American artists were excluded from mainstream museums and galleries these murals were painted to show the struggle by African Americans The purpose was to gain: the rights of recognition and citizenship This important form of public art has served to heal and unify communities and build multicultural understanding

Walls of Heritage, Walls of Pride: African American Murals

Knowledge is Power, Stay in School Philadelphia

Knowledge is Power, Stay in School Dana Chandler

A thin mural that runs along the top of the side of a building, its color scheme is mostly gold, red, green and black, which symbolizes African pride and unity. A man standing in the centre has his arms outstretched like Christ on the cross, with a book in each hand. Around him are other people and figures that represent the African-American of the past and present, from tribesmen to soldiers to teachers. Artsolutly Awesome North Philly.

We're All in the Same Gang Jameel Parker Boston

Mandela Paul

Connect to History!!
The story mentions four important leaders in the American civil rights movement. Harriet Tubman (1820-1913) The escaped slave who helped smuggle more than 300 enslaved persons out of slave states. She was also a spy for the Union army during the Civil war.

Civil rights leaders of the 1960s who were assassinated.

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929-1968) King used nonviolent tactics such as boycotts to oppose segregation and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Peace.

Malcolm X (1925-1965) Malcolm X preached a militant and separatist philosophy.

Fannie Lou Hamer (1917-1977) Fannie was a sharecroppers daughter who repeatedly risked her life so that she and other African Americans could gain the right to vote.

Malcom X
Childhood Heroes For this page, I felt that it would be cool for me to list a few of my childhood heroes growing up. A lot of my work ethics and expressions are reflective from these individuals. Under each picture, there are 3 words of how I would describe each individual.

Muhammad Ali

Bob Marley Unity-Hope-Musical legend


Michael Jordan Goals-EntrepreneurAmbitious

With your group, list the names of some heroes of your own that you would include in a wall of respect.

Words to Know
Use the definitions in your Interactive Reader to determine which word fits best in the sentence. beckon inscription drawl 1) I had trouble understanding Bills _______-his slow, drawn-out way of speaking. 2) Elisabeth _____to me from across the gym, waving me toward her with her hand. 3) The ____on the statue dedicated it to the fallen soldiers in Vietnam.

Words to Know
liberation scheme chisel rearing

4) The president demanded the _____of the prisoners, saying that it was wrong to keep them in jail. 5) The frightened horse started rearing up on its hind legs. 6) As soon as the babysitter arrived, the twins began to ___up ways to annoy her. 7) A few people ____their names into the big rock, using a penknife.

Target Skills
Cause and Effect: Cause-and-effect relationships drive this story. Read to find out how the painters actions affect the narrator, Lou and the other characters. Dialect: What is dialect? The author makes her story more realistic by having the narrator and the other characters use expressions from a particular dialect. Put a check mark next to any words or phrases you dont understand.