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Silver Spring monkeys
•Were seventeen macaque monkeys native to Thailand •Experiment conducted by Edward Taub Living conditions •The smell filth, faeces rust their lives limited to metal
boxes just 17¾ inches wide
Domitian, one of the Silver Spring monkeys, in one of the images distributed by PETA to newspapers
39 of their fingers missing. • Lacerations or self-amputation injuries were never cleaned. • Discoloured. . exposed muscle tissue on their arms.Condition of the monkeys • Several had bitten off their own fingers. • Two monkeys had bones protruding through their flesh.
Fur.Wool. and Leather: Hazardous to the Environment .
• According to Professor Cheng Fengxia of Shaanxi University of Science and Technology. “Pollution caused by inappropriate processing.S. where environmental regulations are often ignored. has become a headache” • Each mink skinned by fur farmers produces about 44 pounds of feces in his or her lifetime. especially colouring the fur. . That adds up to 1 million pounds of feces produced annually by U.Fur • Processed in China. mink farms alone.
phosphates and other substances running off with rainwater or seeping into aquifers and polluting local water supplies are increasing • The EPA has also filed complaints against companies for illegally generating and disposing of hazardous waste from the processing of pelts. One dangerous component of this waste is nearly 1. • Nitrates.000 tons of phosphorus • In December 1999.000 -the fecal coli form levels measured in the water were as much as 5. the Washington State Department of Ecology fined one mink farmer $24. .Water Pollution • • Waste from fur farms is poisoning our waterways.000 times in excess of the legal limit.
more than 8. • Furs loaded with chemicals to keep them from decomposing in the buyer's closet.000 pounds of ammonia is released into the atmosphere each year.Air Pollution • In Denmark. . where more than 2 million minks are killed for their fur annually.
• Furriers claim that the carcasses from animals skinned for their pelts are used for animal feed. • Various salts—along with ammonia. formaldehyde. hydrogen peroxide. .Energy • Producing a fur coat from ranch-raised animals takes more than 15 times as much energy as does producing a faux-fur coat. and other chromates and bleaching agents—are used to preserve and dye fur. but often they are simply dumped into landfills.
and various oils. coal-tar derivatives.How Leather Production Harms the Environment • Now more dangerous substances. . formaldehyde. including mineral salts. dyes. and finishes—some of them cyanide-based. • Most leather is chrome-tanned.
. salt. including protein. • A chrome-tanning facility wastes nearly 15. lime sludge. sulfides.• The waste from tanneries of pollutants.200 pounds of “solid waste” for every ton of hides that it processes. and acids. hair.000 gallons of water and produces up to 2.
and zinc • More than 500 tanneries in three districts of India were charged with polluting some 16. lead. .arsenic.. chromium.• Leather tanning generates 800. • The Regis Tanning Co.groundwater samples.000 tons of chrome shavings annually. • Groundwater near tanneries with highly elevated levels of a variety of toxic substances.000 hectares of agricultural land and contributing to drought conditions.
How Wool Production Harms the Environment • Land cleared led to increased soil salinity. Argentina. and decreased biodiversity.Soil deterioration in the region triggered a desertification . farmed animals. erosion. especially sheep. • Patagonia. • More than 50 million acres in one province alone has been “irrevocably damaged because of overstocking. South Africa. • Oxford researchers studying land degradation in Karoo. . were responsible for an unfavorable change in vegetation and erosion that led to the formation of badlands and gully systems.
• More than 14. .• Consume huge amounts of water. • Manure generated -contributed to the increase in atmospheric “greenhouse” gasses over the last 250 years • • The concentration of methane has shot up by more than 130 percent worldwide In New Zealand.000 pounds of insecticides were applied to sheep in the U. methane emissions coming from grazing animals such as sheep constitute about half of the nation’s greenhouse-gas emissions. chemicals used for wool production can pollute existing water supplies as well.S. alone in 2000.
scientists have discovered that male fish are growing ovaries .000 miles of rivers in 22 states and contaminated groundwater in 17 states. and cattle excrement has polluted 35. hog. -Lagoons often seep or spill into surrounding waterways -The EPA reports that chicken.THE WATER WE DRINK -Millions of pounds of excrement and other bodily waste produced by farmed animals. -In West Virginia and Maryland.
and nitrous oxide together cause the vast majority of global warming.Carbon dioxide. .THE AIR WE BREATHE -A Consumers Union study in Texas found that animal feedlots in the state produce more than 14 million pounds of particulate dust every year .People who live nearby are forced to inhale the toxins and pathogens . methane.Global warming has been called humankind's "greatest challenge" .
the primary gas responsible for global warming. .CARBON DIOXIDE Burning fossil fuels releases carbon dioxide.5 fewer tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere each year than is a meat-eater. enormous amounts of carbon dioxide stored in trees are released during the destruction of vast acres of forest - a vegan is responsible for the release of approximately 1.
turkeys.METHANE • The billions of chickens. pigs. and cows who are crammed into factory farms each year in the U.S. . • Scientists report that every pound of methane is more than 20 times as effective as carbon dioxide. • NITROUS OXIDE Nitrous oxide is about 300 times more potent as a global warming gas than carbon dioxide.
as vegetation would thrive on unused farmland. • Reducing our intake of beef and pork would lead to the creation of a huge new carbon sink. a potent greenhouse gas. would also be saved every year due to reduced emissions from farms .Eating less meat could cut climate costs • Cutting back on beef burgers and bacon could wipe $20 trillion off the cost of fighting climate change. • Millions of tonnes of methane.
Japanese researchers found that a kilogram of beef is responsible for more greenhouse gas emissions (GGE) and other pollution than driving a car for three hours while leaving all the lights on at home. a kilogram of beef is therefore responsible for the equivalent of the amount of carbon dioxide emitted by the average European car every 250km. • • According to the New Scientist. and burns enough energy to light a 100 watt light bulb for almost 20 days. found that most of the GGE were from methane emitted by the cows. • The researchers from the National Institute of Livestock and Grassland Science in Tsukuba. while their waste primarily produced the acid and fertilizing substances. Japan. .
specifically. • The FAO report found that current production levels of meat contribute between 14 and 22 percent of the 36 billion tons of "CO2-equivalent" greenhouse gases the world produces every year . methane. the meat in them cause more greenhouse gases carbon dioxide (CO2).• According to a 2006 report by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). and the like to spew into the atmosphere than either transportation or industry. our diets and. nitrous oxide.
. both as population increases and as people eat more meat. • Beef consumption is rising rapidly. • Producing the annual beef diet of the average American emits as much greenhouse gas as a car driven more than 1.• Beef production generates greenhouse gases that contribute more than 13 times as much to global warming as do the gases emitted from producing chicken.800 miles.
• It takes more than 11 times as much fossil fuel to make one calorie from animal protein as it does to make one calorie from plant protein. • Of all the agricultural land in the U.. Raising animals for food gobbles up precious energy. 80 percent is used to raise animals for food and grow grain to feed them.USING UP RESOURCES • According to the United Nations.S. raising animals for food (including land used for grazing and land used to grow feed crops) now uses a staggering 30 percent of the Earth's land mass. .
. and other animals raised for food are the primary consumers of water in the U.S. • Chickens. whereas it takes about 180 gallons of water to make 1 pound of whole wheat flour. this means that across the U. in which pigs grow from 100 pounds to 240 pounds. • It takes more than 2. corn.. each hog consumes more than 500 pounds of grain.• In the “finishing” phase alone. cattle. and soybeans.: a single pig consumes 21 gallons of drinking water per day.S. while a cow on a dairy farm drinks as much as 50 gallons daily. pigs eat tens of millions of tons of feed every year.400 gallons of water to produce 1 pound of cow flesh. pigs.
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