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John Piaget

John Piaget
John Piaget August 9, 1896 – September 16, 1980

John Piaget

August 9, 1896 September 16, 1980

Biography

Biography  August 9, 1896 – September 16, 1980  Born in Neuchatel, Switzerland  Swiss
  • August 9, 1896 September 16, 1980

  • Born in Neuchatel, Switzerland

  • Swiss child psychologist who studies how children make decisions

Biography

  • John Piaget is known for his work and study on children and his theory of cognitive development.

  • He began scientific research and the early age of eleven.

  • Piaget wrote more than sixty book and hundreds of articles in his lifetime.

  • He also created the Modern Test of Intelligence.

  • He was married in 1923, to Valentine Chatenay and they had three children together.

  • John studied his children right from birth.

  • Piaget made his proposal for his theory in 1969.

INTRODUCTION

Scientific Theorist John Piaget (view is constructivist)

Paiget’s theory states that children’s cognitive development advances in four stages and distinct mental operations.

Piaget also proposed that moral reasoning develops in three stages. Stage 1 Ages 2-7

Stage 2 Ages 7 or 8 to 10 or 11

Stage 3 Ages 11 or 12

Dynamic Development Includes:

Organization

Schemes

Adaptation

Assimilation

Accommodation

Equilibration

The Four Stages of Cognitive

Development:

Sensory Motor(Birth-2) “Object Permanence” Preoperational(2-7) “Egocentrism” Concrete Operations(7-11) “Interiorized ActionFormal Operations(11-16) “Abstract Thought”

Sensory Motor(Birth-2) “Object Permanence”

  • Random and reflex

actions

  • Development of sensory and motor ability in relation to the environment

  • The recognition of shapes and objects and faces

  • Imitation ability occurs

Sensory Motor(Birth- 2) “Object Permanence”  Random and reflex actions  Development of sensory and motor

Preoperational(2-7) “Egocentrism”

Perceptual and Intuitive

Thought Period

Children use language and mental images in illogical ways

Thought and appearance are important

Lack in judgment or reasoning to solve problems

Preoperational(2- 7) “Egocentrism” • Perceptual and Intuitive Thought Period • Children use language and mental images

Concrete Operations(7-11)

“Interiorized Action”

“….the child now can

operate in thought on

concrete objects or their

representations.”

Concrete Operations(7-11) “Interiorized Action” “….the child now can operate in thought on concrete objects or their
Concrete Operations(7-11) “Interiorized Action” “….the child now can operate in thought on concrete objects or their

Formal Operations(11-16) “Abstract Thought”

“Operate on Operations”

“Thinking about thought

rather than about

concrete things.”

Formal Operations(11- 16) “Abstract Thought” “Operate on Operations” “Thinking about thought rather than about concrete things.”
Cognitive Stage Theory Piaget developed the study of cognitive development by sitting with children and asking

Cognitive Stage Theory

Piaget developed the study of cognitive development by sitting with children and asking them questions to see how exactly their mind works. He set the children up in a variety of settings for his study.

The Three Mountain Task was developed by Jean Piaget and Bärbel Inhelder in the 1940’s. In

The Three Mountain Task was developed by Jean Piaget and Bärbel Inhelder in the 1940’s.

In the task, a child faced a display of three model mountains

while a researcher placed a doll at different viewpoints of the display.

The researcher asked the child to reconstruct the display from the doll's perspective, select from a set of pictures showing the doll's view, and identify a viewpoint for the doll specified by a picture of the display.

S

hild

d

f

did

t di

ti

i

h b

t

Cognitive Stage Theory

  • Organization the creation of categories or systems of knowledge

  • Adaptation adjustment to new information, achieved by process of elimination and assimilation

  • Equilibration- a

constant striving for a stable balance

Cognitive Stage Theory  Organization – the creation of categories or systems of knowledge  Adaptation