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ICT IMPACT

1950s

1970s

1990s

Green Revolution

Industrial Revolution

Knowledge Revolution

House Hold

Transformation

Nations Economy

Emerging Trend in Education

Break Through in GIRLS Education!!!

National Programme for Education of Girls in Elementary Level


Computer Literacy at Primary & Secondary Schools Exponential Growth of Institutions for Higher Education High Enrollment of Girls in Science & Engineering Computer Literacy for Women Drive by Training Institutes
Literacy Rate of Women on the increase 14% between 1991 & 2001

Affordability ?

Reach ? Opportunity ? Social Reformation ?

Educational Institutions Vs Female Enrollment Educational Institutions


8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000
886 2223

33% Enrollment

7929

40% Enrollment

4862

General Education Professional Education

0
1991 2001

Year

Female Literacy Rate


80

9 % Growth
73

Literacy Rate in %

70 60 50 40 30

16 % Growth

14 % Growth
54

64

Legend: Urban Rural

47 31 40

20 10

Total Literacy

1991 2001

1991 2001

1991 2001

Period

Indian Women in IT Remarkable Turnaround !!

US $ 16500 Million turn over in 2002-2003 3.15% of National GDP # 2 Contributor to Nations Foreign Exchange Earnings 20.4% share in Indias Exports Geographical Spread over Worldwide Market
- Americas including Canada & Latin America - Asia Pacific,West Asia, South East Asia - Europe - Africa

Who were behind this revolution? Obviously Indian Women in IT

IT Market in US $ Million

Indian IT Market:1997-2002
18000
3.5

3.15
16000 14000 12000 10000 8000
2

IT Market in US $ Million GDP Share

2.87 2.66

16500
1.87 1.45 1.22 12410 13783

2.5

1.5

6000
1

4000

8357 5021 6014


0.5

2000

0
1997-98 1998-99 1999-00 2000-01 2001-02 2002-03

Year

GDP

Indian Domestic IT Market:1997-2002


7000
1.26

1.6 1.4

IT Market in US $ Million

6000 5000 4000 3000


3248 0.79

Indian Domestic IT Market in US $ Million


GDP Share

1.36

1.27

6213 0.98 0.82 6114

6598

1.2 1 0.8

4351 3381

0.6 0.4 0.2 0

2000 1000 0
1997-98

1998-99

1999-00

2000-01

2001-02

2002-03

Year

GDP

Educated Women in India find foothold in ICT

ICT access & literacy drive creates cultural &


economic independence for Indian women.

21% are Women out of 650,000 professionals employed in IT

Expected to touch 35% by the Year 2005 Already 65% women in ITES segment 1:3 to 1:7, Female: Male Gender ratio in employment 76% of this strength is graduate degree or above 1.1 Million people on demand estimated by Year 2008 235,000 shortfall anticipated by 2008
Can Indian Women make good this shortfall & sustain growth ?

Male Female Gender Ratio


Sample Size: 186

60000

59312
14828

WOS/MNC/JVS :29 % Indian Cos :71 % ITES : 12 % IT Services : 88 %

# Employees

50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0


MNC/WoS

19475
Gender Ratio:(Female:Male)

3895

44484

Ranges from 1:2 to 1:7 in Indian Cos

15600
Indian

1:5 to 1:7 in WOS/MNCs

Type of Company

Female Employees Male Employees

Staff Employed
60000 50000

59312

3340

Sample Size: 186


WOS/MNC/JVS : 54 # Indian Cos : 132 #

# Employees

ITES : 56 #

40000 30000 20000 10000 0

19475
55972
6109

[ WoS/MNC/JV - 18 #, Indian Cos - 38 # ]

IT Services : 130 #
[ WoS/MNC/JV - 36 #, Indian Cos - 94 # ]

13366 MNC/WoS Indian ITES IT Services

Type of Company

Women in IT Pyramid Vs Effort & Time Demand


Effort &

Entrepreneur

Time Demand

Employment Segment

A: Data Entry/Billing. Handling ICT in various functions in B: ITES Industry / Kiosk Management C: Handling ICT in Banks / Software Programmers

Organization

D: Project Managers / Technical Architect E: Quality Assurance & Hi-Tech specialization in IT F: Senior Executive Managing IT

Women in ICT Grass Root to Pyramidal !!


Today at (or) out of school, in (or) out of college
- Women & ICT are integral

Basic operations to high-tech IT applications


- Women make their presence felt

Employee to Entrepreneur
- Women have excelled in the last decade

Family & Work


- Women have balanced their time & effort

Positive Trend but are they a reckoning force for economic growth?

Life Cycle Diamond

Life Cycle Diamond Women flaking social stigma !!

Marriage - Baby Phase

Indian Women in IT are learning to cross the crucial phase of life to enhance career.

Case Study Reflection of Thoughts


Marrying men in Foreign Country draws Women to IT
Sexual harassment protection & Working in Shifts- Boon for Women in IT

Kalyani

Kanchana

Glass Ceiling Predominant for Women to climb-up the ladder in Organization More support from Family & Society for Women at work

Mallika

Ann ICT access in geometrical progression. Progress of Women is stymied in conservative society

Nuclear Family System deterrent for Women in IT

Radha

Sarada

Emerging Trends Women in IT: What they said!!


Mythili Ramesh:

Gender discrimination on attitudes & perspectives remain. 100% output for family & employer. Faster burnout. Flexi-timings & caring organization
Naseem Mariam:

Socializing is yet to catch-up. Family support for business travel & client interaction. Tax relief towards child care & concierge services

Sumitra Seshan:

ICT education for women at par with Men Quality Engineering institutions created ample
opportunity.

More graduates but less number turn out for work.


Vidya Balasubramanian:

Ethics committee in organization to listen to voice of women Apt environment with pick-up & drop + support for rudimentary
household chores.

Motivational training to help women look at long standing association


with employer

Emerging Trends: Path breaking reformations!!


Spouse support & Managing IT as an entrepreneur.

Marriages amongst IT Professionals leads them from


being employee to become employer. Work from home- options for drop out women to sustain interest & continue their profession. Less strenuous & flexi time work during Marriage-Baby phase. More technology oriented capability demonstrated Successful Senior Executives overcoming cultural & social pressures managing IT operations

Government Policies & Initiatives 30% employment of women attracts capital subsidy. e-governance & computerization of government operations
has created ICT Access.

Rural Knowledge centres to enhance self esteem &


social prestige of women.

Exclusive financial assistance for Women Entrepreneurs. Labor Law amendment for women to work in all shifts.
More changes in policy for women to support Nations economy expected

Conclusion

Competency & Work Demand when met, gender


equality is established.

Emerging Trends are indicators of portrayal of


Indian Women as part of global community.

Cultural, Ethical & Social changes will continue


for productive role by women in Nations economy

Conclusion (Contd)

Forced & chosen change due to IT revolution


will benefit Indian women. There are no road blocks for Women in any field as said by Ms.Kiran Bedi, IPS Ramon Magsaysay Award Winner

What I say ? My Belief


As enabler of IT over the last 12 Years being in the

Ministry of Communication & Information Technology / STPI, I believe that

Womens share in ICT could easily grow to 45 ~ 50% in


next 5 years provided women:
- repositions & become more career oriented. - prioritize & manage issues.

Higher percentage of Women in Senior Positions in IT


will become a reality.

WIT 2003 Conference is towards this direction.

Yes there are really no road blocks for Women in ICT

Website: www.stpc.soft.net

R.RAJALAKSHMI
Director

Email: rrl@stpc.soft.net