This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
INTRODUCTION What is Remote Sensing
The need for Education in Remote Sensing
The Use Of Satellite Remote Sensing Thermal Remote Sensing Introduction to Remote Sensing for Agriculture Geographic Information System- An overview How is remote sensing useful Conclusion
Remote sensing deals with the detection and measurement of phenomena with devices sensitive to electromagnetic energy such as: .INTRODUCTION :Remote sensing is the science and art of obtaining information about a phenomenoa without being in contact with it.
Light (cameras and scanners) Heat (thermal scanners) Radio Waves (radar) Remote sensing is one of a suite of tools available to land managers that provides up-to-date. . Remote sensing uses instruments mounted on satellites or in planes to produce images or 'scenes' of the Earth's surface. detailed information about land condition.
environmental managers and planners better manage the land. satellite images are being used to provide information on land condition and the changes in that condition through time. to help farmers. Data from satellite images can show larger areas than aerial survey data and. . specifically salinity and the status of remnant vegetation.What is Remote Sensing ? The uniqueness of satellite remote sensing lies in its ability to show large land areas and to detect features at electromagnetic wavelengths which are not visible to the human eye. as a satellite regularly passes over the same plot of land capturing new data each time. changes in the land use and condition can be routinely monitored In the Land Monitor project.
population growth exceeding the support capability of the land. Remote sensing and related technologies can contribute to our understanding of these problems as well as tot eh implementation of practical solutions . loss of biodiversity and global climate change are only few of the problems that face today’s and tomorrow’s generations.The need for Education in Remote Sensing :- Pollution.
we need professional who are familiar with the capabilities and limitations of the geospatial technologies. and developing new energy sources.Meanwhile countries are becoming increasingly aware that long term economic viability requires a balanced. This includes researchers who can develop new methodologies and applications. it is more important than ever that remote sensing educational programs provide an adequate exposure to modern technologies. as well as solid grounding in remote sensing theory and principles. . In order to meet these challenges. Thus. informed strategy for the exploitation of natural resources forecasting agricultural yields. as well as technicians and practitioners who can apply proven techniques to specify problems.
for example. Grass looks green. Remote sensing relies on the fact that particular features of the landscape such as bush. because it reflects green light and absorbs other visible wavelengths .How Satellites Acquire Images :Satellite sensors record the intensity of electromagnetic radiation (sunlight) reflected from the earth at different wavelengths. crop. Energy that is not reflected by an object is absorbed. Each object has its own unique 'spectrum . saltaffected land and water reflect light differently in different wavelengths.
The satellite systems are characterised by the bands at which they measure the reflected energy.Instruments mounted on satellites detect and record the energy that has been reflected. called 'bands'. green and red wavelengths in the visible part of the spectrum . The spectrum also shows that grass reflects even more strongly in the infrared part of the spectrum. . which provides the data used in this project. it can be detected by an infrared sensor. The detectors are sensitive to particular ranges of wavelengths. The Landsat TM satellite. has bands at the blue. While this can't be detected by the human eye.This can be seen as a peak in the green band in the reflectance spectrum for green grass above.
the Landsat TM scanner records a number for each of the seven bands. For every 30m by 30m plot of land.The satellite detectors measure the intensity of the reflected energy and record it as a number between 0 and 255. This is the smallest area on the ground for which it can record the reflected energy. which is the average intensity of the reflected energy for the features in that plot of land. Another feature that characterises each satellite system is its footprint or pixel size. .
These images: have 6 wavelength bands that are routinely used (3 visible. 3 infrared) have 30m pixels are acquired every 16 days (provided conditions are cloud-free) .Satellites are characterised by the wavelength 'bands' at which reflected energy is measured the size of the footprint or pixel for which they measure reflected energy the frequency with which they revisit a particular location The Land Monitor Project uses Landsat TM images.
Interpreting Image Displays :The satellite images. Some of these bands. . green and blue colour guns on a computer screen. can't be seen with the human eye The numbers recorded for the different satellite bands are displayed in red. such as the infrared bands which contain so much information about vegetation growth and condition. consist of numbers which are measurements of the amount of energy that has been reflected from the earth's surface in different wavelength bands.
As well as deciding which image band to assign to which screen colour. choices can be made about how to relate the range of numbers recorded by the satellite to the 256 levels of each colour on the computer screen. since they indicate the true colours of objects – green trees and grass and brown soil. . false-colour images are formed. When mixtures of the visible and infrared bands are assigned to the red. a true-colour image is formed.When the red. These images look like aerial photographs.0 The way the range of digital numbers in the image is related to the computer colour levels is called 'image enhancement'. In these images. green and blue colours on the computer. the different colours on the screen represent different intensities in the wavelength bands that are assigned to each screen colour. green and blue bands of an image are assigned to the same colours on the computer screen.
. Measures of radiance in this area can be used to derive the surface temperature of the crop. Plants take up water from the soil and then release it from their leaves back to the air. its surface temperature will increase. its leaves are cooled If a crop cannot get enough water. so the plant's surface temperature can tell us something about how healthy it is .Thermal Remote Sensing :Another area of the spectrum that is useful for assessing crop conditions is the thermal portion of the spectrum. As the water transpires from the plant.
new applications in the microwave area are under development.Introduction to Remote Sensing for Agriculture :Remote sensing is the ability to measure the properties of an object without touching it. Almost all of the applications of remote sensing to date have been based on observing crops in distinct areas of the electromagnetic spectrum. however. near-infrared and thermal infrared portions of the spectrum. . Agricultural remote sensing is commonly done in the visible. The spectrum is represented in the figure below.
65-0.65 um 0.14 um Thermal-Infrared 14.0 um Near-Infrared 3.3.7 .40-0.60-0.50 um 0.50-0.55-0.60 um 0.1000 um Far-Infrared 0.0 .70 um Yellow Orange Red .Regions within the Visible and Infrared Spectrum Visible 0.55 um Infrared Violet Blue Green 0.45 um 0.45-0.0 .
monitoring ocean currents. and monitoring the condition of forest and agricultural areas. 3--Global monitoring is possible from nearly any site on earth. microwave). 2--Sensors can measure energy at wavelengths which are beyond the range of human vision (ultra-violet. The uniqueness of satellite remote sensing lies in its ability to show large land areas and to detect features at electromagnetic wavelengths which are not . infrared. Remotely sensed images can be used for mineral exploration. land use planning.How is remote sensing useful :1--It provides a unique perspective from which to observe large regions.
Example of Satellite Images :1. 2. 4. Lake Superior Temperature Maps of the Great Lakes Mississippi River Flood Surface Temperature Map of Lake Superior Three Dimensional Images of Guatemalan Volcanoes . 3. 5.
Archived data can be used to monitor how areas have changed through time. .Conclusion :Remote sensing provides a cost-effective method for mapping and monitoring broad areas. and has the advantage that the spread of diseases such as dieback is not enhanced by remote monitoring.
THANK YOU .
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue listening from where you left off, or restart the preview.