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Mechatronics Dept.

SZABIST

Upon completion of this course, the student should be able to: Develop critical thinking and problem solving skills, in the context of algebra and calculus. Describe the algebraic and graphical properties of elementary functions (linear, polynomial, exponential, logarithmic, trigonometric and their inverses) and their applications to engineering, economics and sciences. Explain the significance of the derivative and integration and be able to apply techniques for the derivative and integration to situations in economics, engineering and sciences. Demonstrate the use of proper mathematical notation
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Quiz : Assignment: Mid Term Exam:

15 Marks(3) 10 Marks(2) 25 Marks(1)

Final Exam:

50 Marks(1)

Mechatronics Dept. SZABIST

A scalar quantity is a quantity that has magnitude only and has no direction in space

Examples of Scalar Quantities: Length, i.e. 5m Area Volume Time Mass Speed Temperature

Mechatronics Dept. SZABIST

A vector quantity is a quantity that has both magnitude and a direction in space

Examples of Vector Quantities:


Displacement Velocity Acceleration Force


Mechatronics Dept. SZABIST

vector is represented on paper by an arrow


1. the length represents magnitude 2. the arrow faces the direction of motion 3. a vector can be picked up and moved on the paper as long as the length and direction its pointing does not change

Mechatronics Dept. SZABIST

If A is the point (a1,a2), as shown in figure given below, then is called position OA vector for (a1,a2), or for point A.
y
A(a1,a2) a x

Mechatronics Dept. SZABIST

The magnitude of the vector a (a1,a2) is actually the length of its position vector OA is given by:

a ( a1 , a2

a1

a2

Exercise:

Sketch the position vectors for a=(-3,5), b=(0,find magnitude of each vector.
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The goal is to draw a mini version of the vectors to give you an accurate picture of the magnitude and direction. To do so, you must:
1. 2.

3.

Pick a scale to represent the vectors. Make it simple yet appropriate. Draw the tip of the vector as an arrow pointing in the appropriate direction. Use a ruler & protractor to draw arrows for accuracy. The angle is always measured from the horizontal or vertical.
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To accurately draw a given vector, start at the second direction and move the given degrees to the first direction.
N 30 N of E

E Start on the East origin and turn 30 to the North


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5.0 m/s East (suggested scale: 1 cm = 1 m/s) 300 Newtons 60 South of East (suggested scale: 1 cm = 100 N) 0.40 m 25 East of North (suggested scale: 5 cm = 0.1 m)

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4. Measure the magnitude of Resultant Vector with a ruler. Use your scale and convert this length to its actual amount, and record with units.

5. Measure the direction of Resultant Vector with a protractor and add this value along with the direction after the magnitude.

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5 Km
Scale: 1 Km = 1 cm 3 Km Resultant Vector (red) = ?,

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Use a graphical representation to solve the following: A hiker walks 1 km west, then 2 km south, then 3 km west. What is the sum of

his distance traveled using a graphical


representation?

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Answer = ?
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Use a graphical representation to solve the following: Another hiker walks 2 km south and 4 km west. What is the sum of her

distance traveled using a graphical


representation? How does it compare to hiker #1?

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Answer = ?

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Vector diagrams are shown using an arrow The length of the arrow represents its magnitude The direction of the arrow shows its direction

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Vectors in 3-D Space

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