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Chapter 1

Principles of Electric Circuits, Conventional Flow, 9 th ed. Floyd

© 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. • All Rights Reserved

Chapter 1
Passive Components
Welcome to the Principles of Electric Circuits. You will study important ideas that are used in electronics. You may already be familiar with a few of the important parts used in electronic circuits. Resistors are introduced in Chapter 2.
Color bands

•Resistors

Resistance material (carbon composition) Insulation coating Leads

Principles of Electric Circuits, Conventional Flow, 9 th ed. Floyd

© 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. • All Rights Reserved

Chapter 1
Passive Components
Capacitors will be introduced in Chapter 12. •Capacitors
Foil Mica Foil Mica Foil Mica Foil

Mica capacitor_

Tantalum electrolytic capacitor (polarized)

Principles of Electric Circuits, Conventional Flow, 9 th ed. Floyd

© 2010 Pearson Higher Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. • All Rights Reserved

Chapter 1 Passive Components Inductors will be introduced in Chapter 13. Upper Saddle River. 9 th ed. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. • All Rights Reserved . Conventional Flow. •Inductors Principles of Electric Circuits. NJ 07458.

Chapter 1 Passive Components Transformers will be introduced in Chapter 14. •Transformers Principles of Electric Circuits. 9 th ed. Conventional Flow. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. Upper Saddle River. • All Rights Reserved . NJ 07458.

NJ 07458. Conventional Flow. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. Active components will be the subject of future courses. • All Rights Reserved .Chapter 1 Active Components Passive components are used in conjunction with active components to form an electronic system. 9 th ed. •Transistors •Integrated Circuits Principles of Electric Circuits. Upper Saddle River.

Chapter 1 SI Fundamental Units Quantity Length Mass Time Electric current Temperature Unit Symbol m kg s A K cd mol Meter Kilogram Second Ampere Kelvin Luminous intensity Candela Amount of substance Mole Principles of Electric Circuits. • All Rights Reserved . 9 th ed. Upper Saddle River. Conventional Flow. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. NJ 07458.

• All Rights Reserved . all electrical and magnetic units are derived from the fundamental units. NJ 07458. Conventional Flow.Chapter 1 Some Important Electrical Units Except for current. Floyd Unit Ampere Coulomb Volt Ohm Watt Symbol A C V W W © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. 9 th ed. Current is a fundamental unit. Upper Saddle River. Quantity Current Charge Voltage Resistance Power Principles of Electric Circuits.

9 th ed. • All Rights Reserved . Conventional Flow. Quantity Magnetic field intensity Magnetic flux Magnetic flux density Magnetomotive force Permeability Reluctance Symbol Unit H f B Fm m Symbol R Ampere-turns/meter Weber Tesla Ampere-turn Webers/ampere-turns-meter Ampere-turns/weber At/m Wb T At Wb/At.Chapter 1 Some Important Magnetic Units All magnetic units are derived from the fundamental units.m At/Wb Principles of Electric Circuits. These units are discussed in Chapter 10. Upper Saddle River. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. NJ 07458.

Upper Saddle River. • All Rights Reserved . Conventional Flow. 9 th ed. x 106 (Engineering Notation) Principles of Electric Circuits. NJ 07458.000 = 4.000.Chapter 1 Scientific and Engineering Notation Very large and very small numbers are represented with scientific and engineering notation. 47.7 x 107 (Scientific Notation) = 47. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.

NJ 07458.605 = 6.000 027 = 2. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. 9 th ed.Chapter 1 Scientific and Engineering Notation 0. Upper Saddle River. Conventional Flow.7 x 10-5 (Scientific Notation) = 27 x 10-6 (Engineering Notation) 0.05 x 10-1 (Scientific Notation) = 605 x 10-3 (Engineering Notation) Principles of Electric Circuits. • All Rights Reserved .

NJ 07458. Conventional Flow. 9 th ed. • All Rights Reserved . Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.Chapter 1 Engineering Metric Prefixes P peta tera 1015 1012 Can you name the prefixes and their meaning? T G M k giga mega kilo 109 106 103 Principles of Electric Circuits. Upper Saddle River.

9 th ed. Upper Saddle River.Chapter 1 Engineering Metric Prefixes m milli micro 10-3 10-6 Can you name the prefixes and their meaning? m n p f nano pico femto 10-9 10-12 10-15 Principles of Electric Circuits. Conventional Flow. NJ 07458. • All Rights Reserved . Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.

Chapter 1 Metric Conversions When converting from a larger unit to a smaller unit. Smaller unit 0. • All Rights Reserved . Conventional Flow. NJ 07458. Remember. Upper Saddle River. move the decimal point to the right. a smaller unit means the number must be larger. 9 th ed.47 MW = 470 kW Larger number Principles of Electric Circuits. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.

000 pF = 0. Remember. NJ 07458.Chapter 1 Metric Conversions When converting from a smaller unit to a larger unit. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.01 mF Smaller number Principles of Electric Circuits. Larger unit 10. Upper Saddle River. a larger unit means the number must be smaller. • All Rights Reserved . move the decimal point to the left. Conventional Flow. 9 th ed.

10 kW + 22 kW = 32 kW Principles of Electric Circuits.000 W + 22. Upper Saddle River. 9 th ed.000 W = 32. • All Rights Reserved . Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.000 W Alternatively.Chapter 1 Metric Arithmetic When adding or subtracting numbers with a metric prefix.000 W + 22 kW = 10. NJ 07458. 10. convert them to the same prefix first. Conventional Flow.

000 mA = 12.0 mA = 1. Upper Saddle River. 0.Chapter 1 Metric Arithmetic When adding or subtracting numbers with a metric prefix. convert them to the same prefix first.000 mA Alternatively. 9 th ed. NJ 07458. • All Rights Reserved .2 mA Principles of Electric Circuits. 200 mA + 1.0 mA = 200 mA + 1.200 mA + 1. Conventional Flow. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.

You should report only digits that are reasonably assumed to be accurate. which always have error. Principles of Electric Circuits. Upper Saddle River. Zeros between nonzero digits are always significant. Conventional Flow. The rules for determining if a reported digit is significant are 1. 9 th ed. 3. 5. NJ 07458. Nonzero digits are always considered to be significant. 2. 4.Chapter 1 Significant Figures Most work in electronics involves measurements. Zeros to the left of the first nonzero digit are never significant. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. • All Rights Reserved . Zeros to the right of the decimal point for a decimal number are significant. Zeros to the left of the decimal point with a whole number may or may not be significant depending on the measurement.

Conventional Flow. 4.05 Zeros to the right of the decimal point for a decimal number are significant. As shown there are at least 2. © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. Floyd . 5. 0. 152. • All Rights Reserved 1. 2.Chapter 1 Significant Figures Looking at the rule.0938 Zeros between nonzero digits are always significant. but uncertain. Principles of Electric Circuits. 9 th ed. decide how many significant figures in each of the examples.71 Zeros to the left of the first nonzero digit are never significant. 5100. 10. NJ 07458.100 Zeros to the left of the decimal point with a whole number may or may not be significant depending on the measurement. 5. which are given with a rule: Nonzero digits are always considered to be significant. Upper Saddle River. 3.

Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. Principles of Electric Circuits. notation two-. • All Rights Reserved . Exponent The number to which a base is raised. 9 th ed. NJ 07458. Metric prefix A symbol that is used to replace the power of ten in numbers expressed in scientific or engineering notation. Upper Saddle River. or three-digit number times a power of ten with an exponent that is a multiple of three. Scientific A system for representing any number as a notation number between 1 and 10 times a power of ten. Conventional Flow.Chapter 1 Selected Key Terms Engineering A system for representing any number as a one-.

Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. • All Rights Reserved .Chapter 1 Quiz 1. 9 th ed. Conventional Flow. all of the above Principles of Electric Circuits. a passive component b. an electrical circuit d. NJ 07458. A resistor is an example of a. Upper Saddle River. an active component c.

• All Rights Reserved . volt b. coulomb d. Upper Saddle River. Conventional Flow. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. ampere Principles of Electric Circuits. ohm c.Chapter 1 Quiz 2. 9 th ed. NJ 07458. The electrical unit that is fundamental is the a.

the number 0. 56 x 10-5 d.000 56 is written a. • All Rights Reserved . In scientific notation.Chapter 1 Quiz 3. Conventional Flow. 5. 9 th ed. Upper Saddle River.6 x 10-4 c. NJ 07458. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. 5. 560 x 10-6 Principles of Electric Circuits.6 x 104 b.

5. Upper Saddle River.6 x 104 b.6 x 10-4 c. 560 x 10-6 Principles of Electric Circuits. NJ 07458. In engineering notation. 9 th ed.Chapter 1 Quiz 4. the number 0. • All Rights Reserved . 5. 56 x 10-5 d.000 56 is written a. Conventional Flow. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.

10-3 b. 10-12 Principles of Electric Circuits. NJ 07458. Conventional Flow. 10-9 d. 10-6 c.Chapter 1 Quiz 5. • All Rights Reserved . The metric prefix nano means a. 9 th ed. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. Upper Saddle River.

10-9 d. The metric prefix pico means a. NJ 07458.Chapter 1 Quiz 6. Upper Saddle River. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. Conventional Flow. 9 th ed. 10-3 b. 10-6 c. • All Rights Reserved . 10-12 Principles of Electric Circuits.

2.7 TW b.7 mW Principles of Electric Circuits.7 GW c. Upper Saddle River.Chapter 1 Quiz 7. 2. The number 2700 MW can be written a.7 kW d. Conventional Flow. 2. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. • All Rights Reserved . 2. 9 th ed. NJ 07458.

068 MW d. 6. Upper Saddle River. Conventional Flow. The value 68 kW is equal to a. • All Rights Reserved . 000 W c. 9 th ed. NJ 07458.Chapter 1 Quiz 8.8 x 104 W b. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. 0. All of the above Principles of Electric Circuits. 68.

5 mW b.Chapter 1 Quiz 9.83 W Principles of Electric Circuits. 3. 331. 9 th ed. Conventional Flow.5 W is a. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. The sum of 330 mW + 1. Upper Saddle River.533 W d. 1. • All Rights Reserved . NJ 07458.35 W c. 1.

9 th ed. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education.2 V d.000 200 V b. NJ 07458.Chapter 1 Quiz 10. all of the above Principles of Electric Circuits. The quantity 200 mV is the same as a. Conventional Flow. • All Rights Reserved . 0. 20 mV c. 0. Upper Saddle River.

b 3. • All Rights Reserved . d 10. Floyd © 2010 Pearson Higher Education. Upper Saddle River. b 4. c 8. NJ 07458. Conventional Flow. d 6. a Principles of Electric Circuits. a 2. d 5. 9 th ed.Chapter 1 Quiz Answers: 1. d 7. d 9.

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